Chickens - birds are very diverse. And if you have only one association with the word “chicken” - the broiler carcass from the store, then you are wrong. There are so beautiful and unusual chickens that they can contain just for the soul. Let's get acquainted with the most beautiful representatives of these birds, find out who the sibray, La flush, Kinky and Phoenix chickens are. Get ready to see the chickens in a new way!
Having looked at this bird for the first time, you will not immediately rank it among chickens. She is a miniature, elegant, peculiarly colored. And the nature of her "not chicken" - fervent, inquisitive and fighting. The combination of appearance and funny character made the Sibright hen one of the most popular decorative breeds in the world. Its origin an unusual inhabitant of the coop leads from aristocratic Britain. The "father" of the breed is recognized by Lord John Seabright, whose name has migrated to his brainchild.
It was this rich and significant person who, in the 1800s, introduced a peculiar fashion for a beautiful dwarf breed. Thanks to the influence of Lord Seabright, his "wards" quickly became popular among the high society of England. To create the breed, the Englishman used the Bentam rooster, Polish-bordered hens and Hamburg breeds. The resulting hen had the desired dwarfism and beautifully fringed feathers.
Fans of the new breed in the 19th century even created the Sibrayt breeders club. I must say that the price of a decorative bird sometimes reached 30 pounds - an absolutely fabulous sum for those times. That is why few could afford an ornamental chicken.
Seabright's appearance is atypical. This is a very small bird with an outstanding forward chest and an oblong body, which adorns the open fan-shaped tail. The head is small, on it is a bright pink comb and red earrings. This is provided that in front of you is a cockerel, the hen has a comb, and the earrings are very modest.
The bill is dark, as are the eyes. The wings are beautifully pubescent and almost completely obscure the steel-gray, wide-set legs.
One of the main features is the plumage of the Seabright. Literally, each feather has a black border, regardless of the overall color.
Decorative hens Sebright unpretentious and easy to clean. Of the features - they fly well and love warmly. The weight of the miniature breed is 0.5 kg for the hen and only 0.6 kg for the rooster. Egg production - about 80-100 small, but very tasty eggs.
The Phoenix breed of chickens is considered by many to be the most unusual and the most beautiful and the photos confirm this opinion! The history of the Phoenix is more than a thousand years old. In China, considered the birthplace of the original breed, long-tailed chickens were called Fen-Huang. They were personified with the phoenix bird reborn from the ashes, the female “yin” and the source of luck and prosperity.
The nearest neighbors of the Chinese, the Japanese, appreciated the unusual feathery and began to work hard on its main advantage, the tail. The best representatives of the Phoenix breed, on which Japanese breeders have worked, have got a tail up to 11 m long! The Japanese honored and guarded their feathered pride; in no case did they take them out of the country and, of course, did not eat noble meat.
In addition to the long tail, the Phoenix chickens do not have distinctive features. Colors are the most diverse. I must say that all the beauty of Phoenix got only his male half. In chickens, though the tail braids are somewhat lengthened, they cannot be compared with the cocks. Comb and earrings from roosters also look much more elegant.
The Phoenix roosters are paying the price for their elegance with their comfort; it is completely inconvenient for them to walk with a long tail. So that the birds can fully move, loving owners wind the tail on special papilotki or simply hold a solid feather decoration for their wards.
As we have already noted, for the Phoenix the Japanese direction of the length of the tail does not happen much, the Japanese continue to work on increasing it. But there are also phoenixes of the German selection, their tails are much more modest - “only” 2.5-3.5 m. The weight of such a long-tailed bird is up to 2 kg for a rooster, and about 1.3 kg for a hen, from which you can expect about 100 eggs per year.
La flush (fr. Arrow) may seem even more unusual than the previously discussed Phoenixes. The breed is very old, little is known about its exact origin. But the first mention of La flush dates back to another 15th century, thanks in large part to the infamous Inquisition. The fact is that the appearance of the la flush, to put it mildly, is atypical - blue-black plumage, stern look, a comb in the form of funny curved horns. But they seem funny to us, for medieval darkness it was a sign of the devil himself.
Therefore, innocent chickens were burned at the stake alongside witches and heretics. Such is the difficult fate of the French breed La flush. And it is most likely French, because even its name corresponds to the name of the province of La Flush, which is located in the vicinity of Sartre. Fortunately, now the La Flush chickens are completely safe and we can enjoy these unique chickens for as long as you like.
In addition to the voiced exterior features, nature has awarded La Chickens flush with large white ears, an excellent feathered tail and unusual gray long legs. The most frequent plumage is black, although variants are possible: blue and white birds. La flush is not only spectacular in appearance, they are also very productive.
This meat is an egg breed, the weight of an adult rooster reaches 4.5 kg, layers up to 3 kg. It carries large eggs, about 70 g and in the amount of 190 pieces. In this gourmet celebrate the unusual taste of meat "Lucifer" chickens. If you have never seen unusual La Flash flies, you can look at them on the video from the main farmers portal FERMER.RU, which is presented below.
Chicken is a fluff, perhaps this is the most successful name for a curly breed of chicken. Curly birds are very ancient inhabitants of chicken coops, it is one of the oldest breeds. Homeland curly chickens - Asia, and more precisely India and the surrounding Southeast regions. Curly breed of chickens is not the most common ornamental species in the world, in our country, their population is very small.
The unusual appearance of these birds is due to a genetic mutation, in which the contour feathers have arched rods and are rounded up.
In this case, all the feathers of the chicken are rounded, the steering and wing feathers of the wings are also twisted, and therefore such a bird cannot fly. The curly gene is inherited and the breeders make sure that the strongly curly individuals do not overlap with each other. The fact is that curliness can reach its peak shape. That is why it is preferable that only one parent is curly, then the offspring will turn out beautiful and moderately curly.
Curly chickens can be different colors: black, white, silver, brown. The bird's tail is also curly, which more closely resembles a pompon, the unusual plumage extends to the legs of the bird. Her comb is bright red, leafy or rosy, with cocks elegant earrings. The weight of an adult Curly Chick is a little over 2 kg, it carries about 120 eggs. Rooster weight - 3 kg.
Anyone who wants to decorate their compound with unusual ruffled chickens should remember that their plumage does not keep heat well, and therefore they need a warm house or additional heating.
Video "Dwarf breed Sibrayt"
Miniature Sibrayta seem to you on the video below, which completes our acquaintance with the most unusual representatives of the chicken world. Author video Angela Primerova.
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Features of decorative rocks
Most of the decorative breeds of chickens are of Oriental origin. In China, Japan, India, among the first, they began to create non-food breeds. The next photo is an image of a phoenix rooster, who was honored in China a thousand years ago and considered the epitome of imperial grandeur. In Japan, this breed is considered a national shrine. Later decorative chickens settled in Europe and Russia.
Ornamental chickens give birth not for the sake of productive characteristics. But this does not mean that they are not useful at all in the household. Chickens of decorative breeds ripen late and begin to rush at about 9 months, about 100 eggs can be obtained from a single chicken per year. But still their main advantage lies in the other. Some can boast a picturesque color of feathers, others differ in tail length or an unusual form of a beak, others become a miniature copy of their “large-sized” relatives.
Mostly decorative breeds of chickens are of miniature size, but this is not necessary. Let's just say: dwarf chickens are always decorative, but decorative ones are not always dwarf. Some dwarfs have a mass of not more than 500 grams, while other chickens and bettas grow up to 2-2.5 kilograms. But still, among the decorative little hens and roosters are valued more, because it’s impossible to put such a bird on soup or roast. Sorry for the beauty!
It is worth saying that it is a bit more difficult to care for beautiful pets than for ordinary poultry. Decorative chickens are more fastidious in food, heat-loving. It is necessary to maintain the beauty of their plumage. But the effort is worth it: little chickens have not only external charm, they are also intelligent, sociable and obedient.
TOP 5 most beautiful breeds
Undoubtedly, all representatives of the decorative line deserve attention. But we have chosen among them especially attractive representatives. These breeds are popular with poultry farmers, and their beauty leaves no one indifferent. In the meantime, watch the video, which contains decorative rocks that are not in our top five (by Lyubov Afonina).
Bentam: small but distant
This breed of chickens combines many varieties. Conventionally, they can be divided into two groups. The first ones are purebred bentams, dwarf birds with a calm character. These chickens are of natural origin, they are found in the wild in Japan. In Russia, these birds, introduced in the 18th century, are also called Korolkas. The second group is reduced copies of various breeds. They are obtained by breeding, crossing breeds with dwarf breeds.
Purebred benthams compared to other varieties have better health and higher egg production. They are easier to adapt to changes in the weather, chickens sit diligently on eggs, and roosters can stand up for themselves and their family, and even repel an attack of a kite. Weighing a rooster 1 kilogram, and the maximum weight of a chicken should not exceed 600 grams.
As for the external characteristics, the color and other features are diverse and depend on the subspecies. The oldest subspecies bantamok, Nanking, have a yellow-apricot color. Roosters of this subspecies have a more intense feather color and contrasting plumage on the neck and tail. On the following photos are some subspecies of bentham, striking in their diversity.
Bentamok is very beneficial to keep in the yard. These birds are unpretentious little ones, they eat very little, rarely get sick and adapt well to their place of residence. Special conditions for their maintenance is not required. However, their housing should be kept clean and dry. In the year one chicken bentamka brings 80-100 eggs. And if there is at least one rooster on the farm, you can breed chickens.
Dutch white and white
As the name implies, the Netherlands is considered the birthplace of the breed. The first mention of these decorative birds is found in the paintings of the XVI century, but the exact version of the origin of chickens with a hairstyle is unknown. Chickens of the Dutch white-and-white breed have a very unusual look: on their head there is a lush tuft of white color, resembling a wig. The small neat tail has an unusually curved shape, which is another distinctive feature of the Dutch white-to-chick. Compact, elegant body covered with black or gray feathers.
Despite the decorative qualities, these birds are quite productive. In the first year of laying eggs, the chicken gives 140 eggs, the following year - 100 pieces. Adult white-and-white weighs 1.5-2 kilograms, roosters grow by weight 2-2.5 kilograms. This breed also has a dwarf variety: chickens weighing up to 800 grams exactly repeat the appearance of large relatives. Dwarf white-clowned rushing tiny eggs, weighing about 30 grams.
Shabo is a beautiful gift from Japan
For the first time these miniature hens appeared in the Land of the Rising Sun, where they served as an ornament to the courtyard of aristocrats. In the 17th century, shabo chickens came to China, and by the 19th century they reached Europe. Now breeders have several subspecies of the breed, differing in color and structure of the plumage. Shabo may have a white, silver, striped, red or blue-black color. The plumage may be plain, curly or silk.
Shabo is one of the smallest poultry, their weight is only 500-600 grams. In appearance, these are very cute chickens, as if painted in the picture. A distinctive feature of this breed: the body of a bird is rather dense and massive, and its legs are very short. The plumage in the neck is thick, and the wide tail resembles a fan.
Their legs are so small that it is difficult for birds to move around. This explains the fact that shabo live shortly, therefore poultry farmers advise to cross short-legged chickens with those representatives of the breed, whose legs are of medium length. But for exhibitions, only those individuals that have passed the “short-legged” gene are suitable.
The creators of this breed set out to get a chicken with a bright spectacular plumage, and they succeeded. Birds weighing 600-800 grams have a colorful color and thick plumage on the legs. Milfleur chickens are popular in poultry yards: despite their low weight, they have fairly good egg production (100 eggs per year weighing 30 grams each) require little food and space.
The appearance of the breed and the minimum cost of maintaining the breed encourage farmers to acquire a couple of decorative individuals. Various colors make it possible to choose a chicken to your liking. The most common color is tricolor: feathers stand out clearly against the background of red feathers, black at the base, and painted white at the ends. Porcelain, black and white, speckled blue and white are also popular.
The smallest - Malaysian serama
Representatives of this breed are absolutely crumbs! Chickens no bigger than pigeons weigh 250 grams, and roosters do not grow much more. These birds have a very short body, set vertically, their tail is raised upwards, and the neck is arched like that of a swan. Due to the nature of the structure, the thorax of the serum moves forward, and this is one of the signs of thoroughbredness. The more arched the body, the better.
Also an indicator of pure blood is weight. According to this feature, Malaysian seramas are divided into three classes. The mass of the most expensive, class A, should not exceed 350 grams; for class B, a weight of 500 grams is allowed, while class C is 600 grams. Malaysian dwarf chickens are so small that they are kept not in the courtyard, but in cages. For a comfortable life of these chickens need warm air and special food.
Features of dwarf hens of breed Bentam
Bantam belongs to the dwarf breeds of chickens, are of Asian origin. This breed brings together a large number of representatives. Some of them are bred by breeders independently, others resemble representatives of large breeds, being their miniature decorative copies, for example, Kokhinkins or fighting ones.
The bantam hens are good hens, their young are born earlier than other breeds. Meat has excellent taste, reminds meat of partridges to taste, eggs have dietary properties.
Bentamki - the most numerous type of chickens. They differ from other representatives by the presence of the bentham genome responsible for dwarfism. Roosters reach a live weight of up to 1 kg, they are quite mobile and very belligerent.
And hens - up to 0.5 kg, they are energetic, sociable, good hens. Conventionally, the breed is divided into representatives with bare legs and feathered. Each category has its own breeds and varieties.
The most common calico, Altai, white and nut hens.
The skin of birds is light yellow, the plumage is dense. Color varied. Comb - pink leaf-shaped. The head is small, the beak is small, the wings are wide, drop to the ground.
In males, the body is more elevated than in chickens. Legs can be bare or fluffy plumage. Chickens mature to 5.5 months, in the first year they produce 100-130 eggs. The average egg weight is 44 g.
The safety of adults - 70-88%, young - 80-92%, depending on the species.
The most numerous species among bantamok. The breed is distinguished by calico feathering and lack of feathers on the legs. Egg production - 130 pieces per year. The safety of adults is 70%, and chickens - 91%. Bantam calico is a strong and hardy bird that is used to raise young birds of other birds.
The bird has a stocky shape and a bulging chest. Голова небольшая, гордо откинута назад. На голове расположен небольшой хохолок. На изогнутой шее пышная грива. У курицы более широкая спина и длинный хвост. Гребешок спрятан в хохолке. Птица белая с пестрыми пятнами, встречаются ситцевые, палево-коричневые, ореховые и пестрые особи.
Характеристики и особенности
Карликовые куры плохо переносят холод, при низких температурах у них обмерзает гребень, ноги и середки. Birds lose their appetite and can die, so they are bred only in heated chicken coops. Bentams are disease resistant, unlike other breeds. The exception is the Seabright Chickens, which, in addition to low viability, are prone to degeneration.
Due to the excellent maternal instinct, chickens are used to incubate representatives of other breeds of chickens, as well as other birds who refused to hatch their own eggs. They constantly watch the chicks, cover them, especially in cold weather. The hen can continuously incubate chicks for about three months while providing complete feed and water.
Features of the maintenance and care of this breed
Bantamok contain in enclosures with an area of 2 × 3 m and a height of up to 2.5 m. The enclosure should be combined - have an additional insulated room for winter maintenance.
Part of the land in the aviary is recommended to dig and sow with cereals, for example, alfalfa. The second half of the territory is deepened by 30 cm and covered with river sand calcined in the sun.
Nests are installed under a canopy at a distance of 1 m from the walls, as well equip the roost.
The bottom of the winter room is covered with deep bedding. Wood chips, straw or peat will do. A box is placed on the floor in which a mixture of sand and ash is poured. The bird in it will clean its plumage. Bentamki do not need additional care. The main thing is to be warm in winter.
Bentam is not demanding to feed. Due to the small size, they consume less feed than large representatives. Young chicks are fed adult food as the main food only after a change of plumage. Every day, chickens are given chopped greens and mixed feed is added. They feed the birds three times a day.
Benthams can be given cereals, wheat bran, potatoes and boiled potato peel, fresh carrots, fodder beets, baker's yeast, crushed corn, fish waste, vitamin flour and cottage cheese. Young chicks can be added to the feed stuffing from meat waste.
A hen can sit at a time up to 7 own eggs or up to 5 large ones. Chicks at bentamok are born a day earlier than other chickens, about 21 days.
Kids viable from the moment they appear, have a wonderful appetite. They quickly gain weight and fledge. The first time, before the chicks are stronger, they are kept in a small warm room.
A electric lamp is installed above the trough for heating at a height of 25 cm.
They are fed with a hard-boiled pounded egg and cottage cheese every 2 hours. On the fourth day, boiled millet is added, the interval between feedings is increased to 4 hours.
Flesh young can be released in an open-air cage separately from adults. A hen hen independently translates chickens to solid food at about two weeks of age.
She teaches them how to look for food and eat on their own.
Sometimes hens of bentam lay eggs in secluded places, not wanting to go to the trough. Do not disturb such birds. Approximately on the third day the hungry bird will come out to eat.
At this time, you need to check the clutch, leave only 7 eggs. When a large number of eggs are hatched, weak and non-viable chickens appear. Inspection should be carried out so that the bird does not see, otherwise it will confuse the trail. Bentamok can be purchased at farms and from collectors, for example, by ads on agronom.ru. Chickens are available at specialized farms:
Where can I buy a bantam?
Inspection should be carried out so that the bird does not see, otherwise it will confuse the trail.
Bentamok can be purchased at farms and from collectors, for example, by ads on agronom.ru. Chickens are available at specialized farms:
Ornament of the bird's yard - the characteristic of hens of breed of Bentham
Currently, there is a version that Bentams are chickens of a separate and completely independent breed, which appeared in ancient times by possibly crossing small birds with large domestic chickens. This is very justified and expedient - to feed the bird intensively, in parallel crossing its small and large species without at the same time risking to get a breed with poor health and a constitution.
There are several subspecies of Bantamok. Each of them has its own characteristics.
Hens are also used as hens for breeding other poultry, as they are good hens.
Shabot This is a small, very beautiful breed, also called Japanese by origin. Chickens are distinguished by a special shape of the torso on short legs and almost perpendicular to the standing high tail. The main condition for the preservation of beauty - clean and dry environment and well-groomed grassy walking.
Varieties of chickens: with smooth and curly, changed as a result of mutation, as well as silky plumage.
All three groups of chickens can be bred in the following varieties of color: white, black-tailed, black with white specks, yellow with black tail, white, yellow, black, blue, gold, with a gold neck, crooked, wheat, silver, birch and porcelain colors.
Productive properties: the weight of the rooster - 0.6, chicken - 0.5 kg, egg production - 80 eggs, with an average weight of 30 g, with a white shell.
Small English fight. English fighting chickens are the most common among fighting chicken breeds. Differ in a strong constitution and aggressiveness. Has good health. This breed is also called the New England or Modern English Warrior.
In addition to the exotic slim body shape, it is distinguished by an elegant "English" gait.
Varieties in color and pattern of plumage: with a golden neck, with a silver neck, with a brown chest, birch color, blue-gold, blue-red, blue with a silver neck, red speckled, blue-silver, wheat-colored.
Productive qualities: the weight of the rooster is 0.6, the chickens are 0.5 kg, the egg production is 40 eggs, the egg weight is 25 g, with a yellowish shell.
Small tongue. Small, especially aesthetically attractive breed, with good egg production.
The henness of chickens is a genetically determined lack of feather follicles around the neck of chickens, a sign that is already visible when the chick has hatched, whose neck is completely devoid of fluff, with age the bare neck grows coarse, wrinkles and reddens, and the fatness is the exterior feature of the so-called naked shoes.
Hare-hens - a group of chickens bred, believed to be in Eastern Europe, a distinctive feature is bare-skinned, well tolerated by the heat, which makes them popular among amateur poultry farmers in several southern countries. Divorced in all colors and drawings.
Productive qualities: the weight of the rooster - 0.8, chicken - 0.7 kg, egg production - 120 eggs, with an average weight of 30 g, with a white shell.
Seabright Miniature decorative chickens. Very popular with poultry farmers, trusting, easy to tame, unpretentious in content. Seabright bred in England. He created the breed John Seabright and first showed it in 1815.
They were originally dwarf in origin. The rooster weighs 500 g, and the chicken 450 g. The birds of both sexes have the same type of plumage. This very attractive small breed of chickens is interesting in that the males and chickens do not have the typical elongated feathers of the neck braid.
Varieties of colors in the breed - silver and gold.
Productive qualities: the weight of the rooster - 0.6, chicken - 0.5 kg. The average egg weight is 30 g, the shell is white or yellowish.
Milfleur. This feathery chicken belongs to the most common small breeds.
In order to stand out its beauty, including decorative “shoes”, you need a clean, dry room and grassy pasture.
Varieties of color: tricolor (the most common), porcelain, mottled blue, blue, black and white, white, blue striped with a golden neck, silver neck and yellow.
Productive qualities: the weight of the rooster - 0.7, chicken 0.6 kg, egg production - 12 eggs of an average weight of 30 g, with a white shell.