Violet is considered one of the most unpretentious indoor plants: undemanding to care, propagates very easily, beautifully and abundantly blooms. But, like any other flower growing at home in pots and vases, violet should be periodically replanted.
In these plants, over time, the root system grows, which becomes cramped in the pot, the required acidity level in the soil decreases. The soil begins to clog, and also loses almost all the nutrients.
So that these beautiful flowers do not lose their attractiveness and continue to actively bloom, you should regularly transplant Saintpaulia into larger pots, as well as replace the soil mixture.
Preparing Violets for Transplanting
The first sign that the plant should be transplanted is the appearance of a white bloom on the surface of the soil in the pot. This plaque signals: oxygen began to flow poorly into the soil, and too much macro and microelements accumulated in the soil itself. Another sign of the need for transplanting Saintpaulia is the complete entanglement of the earth coma by the root system.
But before you transplant this flower, you should prepare a new soil mixture and a larger pot.
For ordinary violets, you can not prepare a special substrate, they are undemanding to the composition of the soil. But varietal varieties of Saintpaulia require a special blend, which should be purchased in a specialty store. However, such a substrate can be made independently. For this you need to mix:
- two pieces of turf land,
- one piece of sand
- one piece of humus,
- ½ piece of sod.
In addition, 30 g of phosphate fertilizer and a teaspoon of bone meal should be added to this mixture.
The resulting mixture should be quite loose, and pH - slightly acidic.
Before transplanting, pour the soil with a weak solution of potassium permanganate for disinfection.
Pot for transplanting this flower should be 2-3 cm larger than the previous one. In an overly large flowerpot, the violet will not bloom until the root system braids virtually the entire earthy ball.
If the receptacle for transplanting a flower is new, then it should be washed first. Pots that have already been used should be cleaned of salt deposits and also rinsed with a weak solution of potassium permanganate (for disinfection).
A pot for violets is better to choose plastic - ceramic containers emit moisture too quickly.
The pot must have drainage holes, and any drainage material should be laid on the bottom (preferably, expanded clay). If young violets are planted in plastic containers (or cups), then the thickness of the expanded clay (or other drainage) should be such as to compensate for its height.
It is the drainage that will actively remove excess moisture from the pots, because the root system of violets does not tolerate excessive moisture of the soil and may begin to rot.
When to replant violets
Usually it is better to replant these flowers in early spring, when the plant is just beginning to “wake up” after a state of rest. The saintpaulia is moved from one tank to another by transshipment, having previously brought sufficient amount of water into the ground. In this case, the root system of violets practically does not suffer. When transplanting, you can simultaneously rejuvenate a flower, cutting off old roots and too much foliage.
By lunar calendar
- In the period from the new moon to the full moon (in the phase of the growing moon), it is possible to transplant the Saintpaulias into new pots (but carefully monitor their further growth), and also plant new violets. And all these indoor plants require intensive watering these days.
- In the phase of the waning moon, these flowers actively develop the roots of violets. Also during this period, you can safely transplant and transplant Saintpaulias, because during the period of an aging Moon these plants will definitely take root. But to water these flowering perennials should be less. But if in the 3rd and 4th phases of the Moon to make additional dressing for violets, then in the future these bushes will actively grow and bloom profusely.
- But (according to the lunar calendar) there are days when it is absolutely impossible to transplant these perennial bushes - on the New Moon and the Full Moon. Most often, perennials transplanted these days will grow frail or will not take root at all.
How to transplant violets - step by step
When transplanting Saintpaulia usually change not only the pot, but completely the entire soil. Before transplanting should be prepared:
- new container for planting flower
- buy nutrient mixture for flowering room perennials (or do it yourself),
- prepare a violet for transplant,
- transplant a plant
- take care of him until the acclimatization process is over.
Step-by-step transplant of Saintpaulia includes:
- The transplanted flower is watered so that the earthy lump is wet, but the leaves and hands do not soil when transplanting.
- The wicks are usually pulled through the drainage hole, and covered with moss on top so that the ground does not clog them.
- The first layer that is laid on the bottom of the container is vermiculite. The thin roots of violets will quietly pass through it, filling the earthy bed. The next layer is clay shards or claydite, which will allow water to flow out.
- The next layer is a nutritious soil mixture, on which the plant is placed, gently straightening the root system on its surface. A little bit of earth is poured in from above, lightly tamped down with a pencil and periodically shaken.
- A layer of soil is poured over the root neck of the flower, leaving it on the surface. Then the flower is watered. At the same time, the ground sags slightly, thickening around the roots. If the roots are slightly bare, the ground should be filled, not falling asleep while the root neck.
- Then the pot should be slightly shaken to be sure. That violet does not fall on its side. Vermiculite is usually poured on top in a couple of centimeters as a mulching material.
- From above the flower is covered with a plastic bag so that it will take root better and faster. The next watering should be carried out after the plant takes root.
Violet transplant after purchase
After this blooming perennial is brought home, you should carefully examine it, remove all drying and rotting leaves, all fading buds and drying flower stalks. It is also better to remove all the buds so that the plant can calmly endure the process of transplantation and further acclimatization.
In the first days after the plant is brought into the apartment, it is usually not watered - you need to wait for the soil in the pot to dry enough.
Specialized stores sell Saintpaulias grown in the Netherlands, Germany and several other European countries. These plants are exported in pots filled with peat mixture, which is watered with a nutrient solution, since there is not a large amount of mineral substances in this very soil. Therefore, after the violets are brought from the store, these perennials need urgent transplantation, otherwise they will simply die without nutrients.
Saintpaulia grown in a greenhouse is best transplanted immediately after it is brought into the house. Usually in the soil in which these perennials grew in greenhouse conditions, they were heavily fed with fertilizers so that they began to bloom faster.
At home, it is better to prepare another nutrient mixture in which this lovely perennial will grow: you should mix high-moor peat and any baking powder like vermiculite. This soil will be quite loose, as well as moderately acidic - it is this type of soil that is suitable for growing Saintpaulia.
After transplantation, the flower is covered with polyethylene for several days to create the effect of a greenhouse. After 1-1.5 weeks, it is removed.
And if Saintpaulia is bought from friends or those who breed them, then immediate transplantation is not required. A young plant should not be in a hurry to replant, let its roots almost entwine the ground in a cup.
Replanting these flowers is recommended every 6-7 months.
Transplant during flowering
Usually, none of the indoor plants are transplanted during flowering, giving them the opportunity to calmly bloom. And if violets bloom, it means they have enough nutrients, and the root system has not grown too much. And only after the last buds fall, you can move the Saintpaulia to a more spacious flowerpot. And if you transplant this flower at the time when the buds begin to appear, the plant stops flowering while it takes root in the new flowerpot.
But if the potted soil turns sour, or the plant has been attacked by “harmful” bugs, then there is no time to think about whether it is possible to repot violet during flowering - you should save the flower. But during the flowering period, violets should be transferred from the flowerpot to the flowerpot in order to damage the roots as little as possible. And before transplanting, you need to cut off all the flowers and buds so that the saintpaulia has more strength to take root in the new pot.
Transplanting indoor plants is not a very complicated procedure that has to be carried out regularly, as perennials grow, and their roots fill the pot and begin to crawl through the drainage holes (or up to the foliage). Moreover, it depends on how carefully this event is held, how long this flower will later take root in a new pot.
How to determine that the flower needs a transplantViolet needs an annual transplant. If you ignore the rule, stop blooming, the leaves will stretch and chop.
By appearance, determine the urgency of transplantation:
- leaf plates changed color from green to brown,
- stretched out and bare stem,
- compacted soil in a pot
- a white bloom appeared on the ground surface
- the roots are completely covered with earthen room.
Saintpaulias quickly grow roots and carry nutrients from the soil. No need to wait until the socket loses appearance, and the leaves stretch, - make planned transplants.
When to transplant
Transplantations are planned for a favorable period - warm April or May days. It is not recommended to disturb in the winter or in the summer, when there is not enough sunlight and uncomfortable temperature conditions.
When the flower needs an urgent transplant, then do not look at the timing. Weakened plant is watered, carefully removed from the container, transferred to another pot, on the edge of sprinkling fresh earth, tearing off flowers and buds.
Is it possible to replant blooming violet?You can not repot the plant in bloom. Budding testifies to comfort, providing nutrients.
Transplantation is carried out when souring the earth or attacking pests. When transferring, they try not to damage the root system, but they cut off all the buds and flowers and process them from pests.
Different ways of transplanting
Today, it is possible to repot this indoor flower with several methods. For this plastic pots are required, soil substrate and a little time.
The most common cause of transplants at home is to replace the old soil mix with a new one. This procedure is performed when the violet stops developing, has a bare stem or soured earth. Such a transplant requires a complete replacement of the soil, including its removal from the roots. This makes it possible to conduct a thorough inspection of the root system, in case of its unhealthiness, the removal of rotten and damaged parts is required. Violet carefully removed from the pot, remove the ground, yellowed leaves, sluggish and dry peduncles. Sections must be treated with carbon powder.
If you had to remove a lot of roots during transplantation, the capacity is chosen one size smaller than the former.
The bottom of the pot is covered with expanded clay, after which form a hill of earthOn which spread, straightening the roots, violet. Then fill the ground to the leaves. For better compression of the roots with an earthen clod, lightly tap the pot. The plant after planting watered no earlier than 24 hours. After watering, when the land subsides silently, it is necessary to fill the ground, in order to avoid stripping the stem.
Repot violet at home and for a partial change of soil. This method is good for miniature varieties, when a partial renewal of the substrate is sufficient. Such a transplant is carried out without damaging the root system in a larger pot. The transplant itself takes place in the same way as the previous method, however, the substrate is shaken off partially, without the need for breaking the earthy clod.
The method of "transshipment"
Transplantation of Saintpaulia by way of transshipment is carried out in case of saving a flowering specimen or in order to seed the children. Also, this method is applicable when you need to transplant a strongly expanded flower rosette. Such a transplant implies complete preservation of earthy coma. How to do it?
A larger pot is filled with a drainage layer, followed by a part of fresh substrate. In this pot is inserted old, centered. In the resulting free space between the pots, the soil is poured, pop the container for better compaction. Then the old container is removed and a violet is put together with the earthy clod in the recess formed from the former pot. It is necessary to ensure that the surface of the new and old soil was at the same level. The transshipment of the Saintpaulia is over.
After this procedure, a competent care is carried out, with the help of which achieve full development and violent flowering violets.
There are 2 situations when it is necessary to transplant room violets in this way. The plant is either flowering or grows out of a container in which it grew earlier. It is required to prepare a larger pot in advance. Bottom fall asleep drainage layer. Then set the violet in the container. Earth is poured into the space between the tanks. After that, the container is removed, the plant is removed from it along with the ground, transplanted into a large pot at the place where it was located in the container.
Why do I need to transplant violets?
Every experienced grower knows that it is impossible to do without replanting room violets.
This is necessary because the soil in the pot with violet over time loses the desired indoor plants acidity is depleted and compressed.
All this leads to problems with the saturation of the soil with oxygen.
Also, the flowers lack nutrients and become ugly.
On how to properly transplant filaki talk more.
How to determine that the violet needs a transplant?
The main signs that the violets need to be transplanted will be as follows:
- It is possible to determine that it is time to transplant the indoor flowers on a white plaque on the surface of the earth - this signal of the negative air permeability of the substrate and the large amount of minerals in the substrate.
- Also, a lump of earth, thickly intertwined with a root system, tells you about the need for transplanting; you just need to get a flower from the pot to see that you need to perform a relocation.
What time of year do you need to replant violets?
Beginners in the cultivation of home flowers necessarily have a question: is it allowed to perform a transplant in the autumn period?
In general, transplantation can be done in any season, but in winter in our country there is a shortage of sun, so planting is best when the event takes place in spring.
If it is possible to create enough artificial light for violets, then you can perform the procedure in the autumn and in the winter period.
In the heat of summer, it is better not to engage in relocation, as the flowers may die.
Yes, and why hurry with the procedure - once the flower blooms, it means that it is enough for him and in this capacity, the plant must be “moved” when the color stops.
However, if the soil is sour in a pot or pests are wound up, do not waste time thinking about the question: "Is it allowed to transplant?"
It so happens that in order to save a home flower, on which there are already buds, you can use the method of transfer, only the buds need to be picked in advance, so that the plant has enough strength to take root.
How to replant violets correctly?
It is important to ensure that before planting a flower in another pot near the plants, the earth clod was wetted: not lindened to the hands, but it was not very dry, otherwise the root system would be damaged.
The foliage should not be wet, then it will not become dirty during the procedure.
Here are a few recommendations that you need to follow when performing an event:
- You should not take old containers with white bloom (it should be cleaned immediately, if you plan to use this container later).
- With each further procedure it is necessary to take a larger capacity, but at the same time understand that the violet must be 3 times larger than the diameter of the container.
- It is better to take containers from plastic, as in pots made of clay or ceramics, the soil dries faster, and the foliage of the culture from below will swell and spoil from touching the edges of the container.
- The land should be loose, breathable and moisture-permeable, with the inclusion of peat and sand.
- For indoor flowers is very important drainage layer of expanded clay stones or sphagnum, purchased in the store.
- Листва снизу должна чуть прикасаться к поверхности почвы.
- Осуществлять полив в первые 24 часа после пересаживания нельзя, лучше укрыть цветок ПЭ пакетом, это даст увлажнение.
- Not sending a young room violet when it is sent to another pot is at the same time rejuvenated by cutting off parts of the root system and cutting off the largest leaves (they can be used to reproduce the flower culture with a leaf).
- If the florist wants to visualize how the procedure is performed, you can always watch the video instruction.
The main methods of transplanting violets
Having allocated a certain amount of time to carry out the “transfer” of the violet into the container of the required circumference and having prepared fresh soil, you can begin to perform a responsible process.
It remains only to understand which of the 3 existing methods of transplanting violets will be exactly suitable.
Experts offer three ways:
- Complete substrate change
For adult flower crops, in which the stem part is noticeably exposed, when the flower fades and when the substrate is souring, experts recommend choosing this method.
Its advantage is that the earth will be completely replaced, and the roots of the flower culture are cleaned, giving the florist an opportunity to actually examine the root system, removing rot and old roots.
To do this, the plant must be carefully removed from the tank, with its root system to remove the soil, remove all the yellow lower leaves and peduncles, sprinkle the sections with coal.
If the root system is cleaned very strongly, the capacity for replanting should be less than the previous one.
At the bottom it is necessary to arrange a drainage layer, then pour a hill of fresh earth and lay on it the root system of Saintpaulia, on top of the substrate should be poured to the level of foliage below, tapping on the capacity - so the ground will fall better.
After 24 hours, the plant culture can be watered and poured more soil so that the leg of the saintpaulia does not become bare.
- Not complete soil change
Often, with the planned replanting of young home flowers, especially very small ones, it is not enough to completely change the land. This method makes it possible to carefully send the flower to a larger container without damaging the roots.
The event is carried out similarly to the method described above, but when the plant comes out of the pot, only a little soil is shaken off the root system, leaving a small clod of earth.
- Handling method
As mentioned earlier, transshipment is preferable for urgent “relocation” of flowering violets, as well as for non-old plants and for flowers whose outlet has become 3 times more luxurious and larger than the circumference of the container in which it grows.
During the transshipment, the clod of the land of flower culture remains entirely the same - it is necessary to follow it carefully when removing the saintpaulia from the container.
The capacity for "moving" must be filled with 1/3 drainage, cover a small amount of fresh soil and, inserting a bare old pot in the central part of the new one, cover the whole space with soil. It is very important to knock on the walls of the container so that the soil is compacted.
Now it is not necessary to get a new container and arrange a plant with a clod of earth in its place so that the top of the old and fresh substrate is at the same level.
The procedure can be considered complete.
Replacing is allowed by any method that is suitable, the main thing is to prepare a good ground and sterile pots.
Yes, transplanting violets at home takes a certain amount of time, but your efforts will be rewarded, and your plants will bloom beautifully, pleasing the eye!