Japanese quince - undersized ornamental shrub. She will decorate any garden in springwhen a lot of huge (for its small growth) orange-red flowers with a diameter of up to 4 cm, with which all the branches are covered, are blooming on it.
In the summer, the plant attracts the eye with its glossy foliage with flowing fruits. In the autumn it is covered with small yellow fruits.resembling small apples.
May shrub bloom and, due to the uneven opening of the buds, bright blooms stretch for 2-3 weeks.
Spirea, forsythia and magonia will be her worthy partners in garden compositions.
Quince has the ability to grow in breadth due to abundant root shoots, and this is its quality very often used to strengthen the slopes (it holds the soil).
With shrubs need to be careful, as in some varieties there are sharp spines.
Henomeles (Japanese quince) due to its frost tolerance (it can withstand temperatures as cold as -25 ° C) suitable for cultivation in the Moscow region. When frosts below - 30 ° C can freeze the kidneys, but the bush does not die.
With proper cultivation, shrubs grow to 40 years.
Japanese quince, or henomeles:
Formative pruning should be done for 5 years, then you can restrict yourself to sanitary pruning. When growing quince in the form of a tree, the lower tier of the branches should be located at a height of 50 cm from the rump of the neck or the grafting site. For cultivation in the form of a bush, an annual sapling is shortened at a height of 40-50 cm and 4-5 skeletal branches are left, growing at different angles.
Preparing for the winter
Before the onset of cold weather, water recharge irrigation should be carried out using at least 40 buckets of water. The quince root system is located close to the soil surface, therefore there is a threat that it can be damaged by frost.
- In the fall, we mulch the basal area with a layer of rotted manure.
- The place of inoculation and basal part of the trunk is covered with spruce branches ..
- We sow young seedlings with spruce leaves.
In places with harsh winters, quinces are wrapped in nonwoven fabric (spunbond, lutrasil) and tied with lapnik.
Growing Japanese Quince
The first flowers of this frost-resistant and unpretentious plant appear in May - June. The fruits of chhenomeles are small, very sour and fragrant, they ripen in August - September. In the photo - blooming henomeles.
Plant this short shrub in a sunny place, protected from the wind. Chaenomeles calmly tolerates drought, but does not tolerate waterlogging. Japanese quince grows well in slightly acidic soil. If the soil is heavy, clayey, decorative quince is better to plant on the hill.
It is not necessary to warm the plant for winter, but it is better to bend the branches to the ground. If there is little snow, the branches may freeze over and they will have to recover for a long time.
It is possible to plant a plant in spring, before the buds wake up, and in the fall, one month before frost. Seedlings are placed at a distance of 1 m, the root neck is not buried. If it is planned to form a hedge from a decorative quince, 50 cm is left between the plants.
Feed the plant during flowering. You can use complex mineral fertilizers and organic, bird droppings and manure.
Pruned the plant after removal of the fruit before the first frost. In spring, all branches affected by frost are cut out.
Japanese quince has strong immunity. She practically does not get sick, the pests do not attract her dense leathery leaves.
The quince ordinary brings tasty and useful fruits. It is often used as a stock for pears. Chaenomeles is an ornamental shrub, it blooms early, its beautiful flowers adorn the garden in early spring. From the fragrant fruits of the Japanese quince you can make an original wine.