With the onset of spring, it is time to “wake up” the queens of our gardens - roses. Competent care for roses requires timely action in the correct sequence.
Spring care for roses begins with the removal of the winter shelter, then a thorough examination, pruning and treatment of pests and diseases. But first things first.
When to open roses after winter?
In regions where the temperature is below - 5º C, all roses are covered. It is necessary to open the roses in time, the bushes can melt. As soon as the snow begins to actively melt after the winter, bypass grooves should be made so that waterlogging does not destroy the plants.
When establishing a constant positive temperature, remove the coating from the bushes. It should be started only with daily ventilation for 2-4 hours. To ensure good circulation, it is enough to lift the shelter.
When the soil thaws up to 15 cm, it can be opened only from one side (northern or eastern). To avoid burns, after 2-3 days the shelter is completely removed. Favorably choose a windless day, overcast, but dry.
For better adaptation to the spring sun, after opening the shrubs are better pritenyat. Suitable: loose agrofibre, thick paper and spruce branches.
The earth should dry out after thawing snow, then proceed to spring unraveling shrubs. This is carefully done with your hands or a stream of warm water, so as not to break the young shoots.
If the roses are grafted, do it with a brush and a small rag. The site of the vaccination itself is lubricated with a solution of 1% copper sulfate. Around the rose bush soil is carefully loosened. If there are no young sprouts yet, they will appear a bit later. Weaving roses need to fix on supports.
Spring work on the care of roses is recommended to distribute properly. The main thing - to catch the moment before the active growth of plants. Subject to all the rules, luxurious flowers will delight the hostess with their fragrance and spectacular colors.
When planting roses in spring, it is necessary to follow a certain sequence of actions in order for the plant to take root, and the whole season will flourish.
Action 1If you decide to decorate your garden with a rose, then, first of all, determine a place for your queen. Rosa loves an open place, so that nothing would stop her from looking at the sky.
Action 2.Decide what kind of roses you want to see in your garden. At first, choose a variety is not very capricious. You can find both rooted and grafted roses. Own-rooted plants look weaker, sold with closed roots. Two years, these roses strengthen the roots, which is the cause of their death during the winter. But if the rose has already begun, then it endures the winter very steadfastly.
Step 3So, you have identified a well-lit, open, warm place in your garden. Land for roses should be loamy. It is recommended to dig a place for your queen in advance.
Step 4.Next, prepare the landing hole. The size of the pit depends on the soil on the site. If the land is fertile, then the pit is smaller, that is, 40x40x40 cm. If the soil is heavy clay, the pit will be larger, that is, 50x50X50 cm. Drainage is laid at the bottom of the pit. The next layer is sand. And above we pour the fertile land. For spring planting more suitable "wet" method. Therefore, in the pit pour one bucket of water.
Step 5.Now you need to prepare a sapling. First we inspect the roots. Damaged roots must be removed with a pruner. Trim the tips of the roots. Then it is desirable to hold the roots in an antifungal drug, in a solution of potassium permanganate or simply in a solution of clay. Dried twigs and leaves must also be removed.
Step 6Sapling prepared, pit, too. You can start landing. With one hand, hold the bush and lower it into the center of the pit. Shoots should be directed strictly upwards. With the other hand we fall asleep to the roots of the prepared earth, compacting it a little. If the rose is grafted, then be sure to sprinkle the vaccination site for three centimeters.
About planting roses in the spring says the blog blog "Olga Cozy".
If you want to move the rose to another place in your garden, then you need to perform the necessary measures.
- First of all, prepare a pit for planting a rose.
- Then you need to dig up the rose bush. The bush is first digged in a circle. The distance from the stem of a rose is about twenty five centimeters. Then spade the clod of earth with a plant. You cannot dig up the whole root, because it goes deep into the ground. So do not worry much if the root breaks.
- A clod of earth with a rose should be placed in a bag so that it does not crumble while you carry it to the desired place.
- We place a bush with the earth in a hole, pour a bucket of water and carefully fill it with earth.
- In the case of spring transplantation, it is imperative to carry out sanitary pruning, remove dried twigs and leaves. If the rose has buds and flowers, they also need to be cut. After planting, it is recommended to tie the bush to the support so that it does not fall.
To learn how to properly transplant a rose is available in the Greensad Garden Center (Greensad) blog blog.
The greatest efforts require roses in the spring. If, however, all the events take place qualitatively and on time, then difficulties will not arise, and your queen will delight you all season.
- Opening of roses in spring. Work begins in March or April, which will depend on weather conditions. It should be noted that the temperature is less than -5 is detrimental to roses. Therefore, you need to remove the shelter only when the temperature is higher. But it is also impossible to linger, because vypryanie possible.
Shelter removed gradually. At the beginning, the shelter from the north side is raised during the week. Then some more time cover roses for the night.
You can completely remove the shelter when the soil warms up by 20 centimeters and warm weather sets in.
It is recommended to dig through special grooves so that there is no stagnation of water, which roses categorically do not accept.
- Hacking up - next stage. This must be done carefully. You need to gently rake the ground from the bush with your hands, so as not to damage the rudimentary shoots at the base of the bush.
- Pruning roses. If you want to see rose bushes beautiful, with lush flowers, you need to hold a very important event - pruning. Pruning is carried out as a sanitary measure or as formative.
In the spring, carefully inspect the shrub and cut off the damaged shoots. Place the cut, it is desirable to treat disinfectant composition. For example, a solution of potassium permanganate or copper sulfate. Sanitary pruning is carried out before bud break. Unnecessary twig cut to the ground.
Formative pruning is carried out to form a bush and enhance the flowering of roses. It is divided into three types:
If pruning is weak, then up to ten buds are left on the branch. Such pruning is carried out for park or climbing species.
Medium pruning is performed, for example, for hybrid tea and remontant species. At the same time leave up to seven buds on the branch. Strong pruning is rarely recommended. With this pruning leave only three buds on the branch.
Pruning, of course, forms a shrub and increases the number of flowers, but at the same time they begin to bloom later. At the end of the first flowering, the crown of the rose is thinned. Leave up to five strong branches. Remove wild shoots, cutting off the place of growth.
Top dressing of roses. Roses respond very well to top dressing. It is necessary to feed the beauty from May to July. Feeding is carried out once every two weeks. Usually fed with complex mineral fertilizers. But we must understand that in spring, when the green mass is growing and a bush is being formed, more nitrogen is required. And during flowering - phosphoric. Very good roses respond to organic fertilizers.
You can cook yourself a very good organic dressing. Place about two liters of mullein, one liter of ash, one bag of yeast, one glass of sugar in a container, and pour a bucket of water. Leave to ferment for one week. Then we breed top dressing, pouring one liter of it into 10 liters of water, and pouring roses, trying not to fall on the leaves, at the root.
All spring activities are taken in steps on video - from the video blog “Garden and Plant Care”.
Features care for different groups of roses
Spring care for roses of different types is not very different. There are subtleties associated with the physiological characteristics of the species.
Climbing Roses- a variety of beautiful roses with scourge that hover or creep along the ground. The branches reach a length of several meters. This feature of the shoots, which allows the use of plants in vertical gardening, for decoration of arbors and other decorative structures, attracts gardeners.
Spring care for these roses has several features.
- Begin work in the spring should begin when the temperature rises above -3 or -5 degrees.
- It is better to plant them in the spring on a sunny, not swampy, elevated place. Shrubs should be located at a distance of up to two meters, as they bush much. Immediately put strong support.
- Climbing roses need watering and fertilizing during the season. For pest control, treatment with Bordeaux mixture or solution of copper sulfate is recommended.
- Pruning in the spring is carried out weak, that is, over the tenth kidney, removing dried and underdeveloped twigs.
David Austin Roses - people from foggy Albion, from England. Farmer David Austin created his own variety by crossing a floribund and hybrid tea. These pompon roses have a very pleasant and rich aroma. In addition, the "chews" can bloom profusely and continuously. These beautiful flowers are less prone to disease, very winter-hardy.
- But, since their homeland is not very sunny, these beauties require shading, they do not like the bright sun.
Ground cover roses they represent a whole group of plants in which creeping stems up to 2 m long and beautiful shiny leaves covering the ground form a beautiful floral carpet. Flowers with a diameter of 15-45 mm have a white, pinkish, red color and are quite different from simple to dense. The leaves of these roses do not fall long, in rare cases they remain even until spring.
- The plot for the rose should have a slight slope either to the southeast or to the west for sufficient lighting in the morning and a little shading in the afternoon.
- Groundcover roses in the first year of life should be slightly shortened, which increases tillering.
- In the following years, it is necessary to cut dried and broken stalks in the spring, thin out dense bushes and maintain the plants in the required shape.
- After 5 years, you need to remove the old branches, cutting the stems at 30 cm from the soil. Pruning is carried out at an acute angle, departing 15 mm from the kidney. Slices need to be treated with garden pitch, and the bush - Bordeaux mixture.
Home or indoor roses please even when you do not have a garden plot. With a good attitude to the rose, with proper care, she will cheer you up, starting in the morning. In the spring, the rose should be given a little of your time.
- Home rose can not stand direct sunlight. Therefore, the rose in spring requires shading.
- It is necessary to water a flower under a root in the evening with warm water.
- Very good rose responds to the daily spraying.
- If you see the lethargy of the plant, the pale color of the leaves, you should feed the rose.
Features of spring care for roses in different climatic zones
You can plant rose bushes both in spring and in autumn. This will depend on the region in which it is planned to grow roses.
If this happens in the Krasnodar region, the bushes are better planted in early autumn.. At this time there is no heat, and there is enough time and natural precipitation for the bushes to begin to actively grow in the chosen place. Although it is also possible to plant them in spring.
If roses are planted in the suburbs, the landing is better to make in the springsince April, when the warm sunshine will warm up well.
Choose a place for planting bushes need sunny. If the sun is not, then the lush flowers of roses do not wait.
In the Urals, colder conditions, so grow roses more difficult. In northern conditions it is more difficult to preserve roses in winter.
Spring works with roses in different regions differ only in terms. The opening of roses in the Krasnodar Territory is carried out earlier than in the Moscow region, and, especially, in the Urals.
If you really want to have a queen in your garden, then it is worth a little work in the spring so that the rose will delight you during the summer with lush flowering, creating a good mood.
When to take shelter
Usually, the opening of the bushes is carried out with the first resistant spring heat, but depending on the weather and the region, the timing of disclosure varies. The main condition is sufficiently heated soil. First, you need to make a partial disclosure, leaving roses for a couple of days for airing. If you used a shelter made of dense material, for example, a tarpaulin, then you cannot pull away with the opening: vypryvanie bushes are much more dangerous than freezing. After removing the shelter shoots need to shade.
Inspection and trimming bushes
After wintering, healthy shoots should remain green, but the main hazards, such as mold, freezers - longitudinal ruptures of the bark, as well as infectious burns hide at the base of the bush.
In the spring, roses can have a lot of frozen, diseased and broken branches, while frozen shoots need to be cut until the middle of the stem is white and the moldy ones are completely removed.
To cut branches stands half a centimeter above the already developed bud, which grows in the outer side of the bush, but not the inner.
Cutting above may cause the wood to die off. You also need to cut off all the shoots growing inside the bush. Try to shape the crown so that the center of the bush remains empty.
Bedbed species, before covering for the winter, usually bend down, therefore, after opening and straightening the branches in spring, the bush may seem one-sided.
It is fixable with the help of supports. It is necessary to pry the bent edge of the bush with a pitchfork and support it with wooden rods or tie it with garden wire to the installed support.
Climbing roses need to be tied to supports in the summer, forming the desired shape of the bush. As a support for climbing roses, you can use stretched nets, arches, pillars and conical structures.
In spring, roses require rare but abundant watering. Since the air is not extremely dry, and the soil is not overheated, frequent watering can provoke fungal diseases of the bush.
As with all plants, irrigation is best done in the evening when there is no direct sunlight.
In the spring of roses, like the rest of the plants on your site, you need to feed. After the first winter after planting, it is enough to feed the bush with organic fertilizers - mullein and bird droppings.
Further fertilizers are also accompanied by mineral supplements, which should include potassium, magnesium, nitrogen, iron and phosphorus. Such fertilizers are produced both in liquid form and in granulated form. It is enough to apply fertilizer twice a year:
- Spring after pruning,
- In the summer after the first flowering.
Caring for roses is a year-round matter of importance: fertilizing a bush in the summer is no less important than sheltering a plant from frost in the fall, pruning branches after winter, or treating from diseases and pests in the spring. Immediately after opening and pruning in the spring, roses are prevented from powdery mildew, rust, aphids and spider mites.
For washing frostbite from possible infections and fungi prepare a solution in the proportion of 100 g of copper sulfate with a concentration of 3% on a bucket of warm water, and this is sprayed with a brush and a root part of the soil.
Yes, the process of growing roses is laborious and long, but what affection brings beautiful delicate buds and almost elusive scent. A real gardener will never regret the time and effort spent looking at his result. What and we wish after reading the article!
Care events - when and what
Usually, the roses are taken care of immediately after the winter, with the arrival of the first spring thaws. In determining the timing of the occurrence of which it is time to do roses, you need to take into account your place of residence in terms of climate and location of the site. It is very important to start caring before the day when the roses release their first buds and start growing.
- The very first care event of the year is the removal of shelter from rose bushes.
- Then comes the early spring formative pruning.
- The third point of the program is the treatment of the first pests.
- The next mandatory event is mulching.
- The fifth point is fertilization.
- Then it remains to mount the supports and garter to them.
Formative pruning roses
After that, you can take a break and admire the results.
In our region, roses in winter need shelter (the temperature that rose bushes can endure painlessly, -5 ° C, at lower temperatures should be covered). Roses are afraid not only of cold weather, but also of heat. Особенно первого весеннего, когда они находятся под колпаками из укрывного материала, кучами влажных листьев, хвойных веток и другими утеплителями.
Как только весной устанавливается плюсовая температура, розовые кусты освобождаются от укрывного материала. Slow down and wait for the onset of hot days should not be - a delay can lead to the blooming of rose bushes, after which they can not be restored.
As soon as the spring temperature is above zero, the rose bushes are freed from the covering material.
Treatment of roses against pests
Treatment of roses from pathogens and larvae pests begin in early spring. The terms also depend on the climatic region (in a warm climate zone, treatment is carried out in winter). It is important to process the plants before the growing season, before the buds grow.
Important! Processing is carried out in compliance with the rules and regulations of safety when working with toxic chemicals. The weather should be calm and not rainy.
Treatment of roses from pests begin in early spring
Roses are very easily affected by fungal diseases, more often than other plants are attacked by pests. After early spraying, after two weeks, when the green leaf mass begins to grow, it is necessary to re-process. At this time, it is good to use a universal drug, which includes a fungicide and an insecticide. So you can prevent the inevitable appearance of aphids, the defeat of powdery mildew roses, rust attack.
Further treatments are carried out every 14 days, and necessarily in summer, immediately after the end of the first flowering and before the onset of the second.
Important! In no case should you use insecticides and other chemicals on those bushes from which you intend to shoot flowers for cosmetic or culinary purposes (rose water, petal jam).
The soap solution is an effective tool in the fight against pests.
If you do not want to use chemistry, treat the roses with homemade safe means. An effective tool will be a solution of household soap, a solution of ash, a decoction of onion peel, infusion of garlic. A glass of onion peel boiled in a glass of water, infused day, diluted with water 1:10. They are watered on the leaves or sprinkled with plants generously.
Infusion on orange peel is used to prevent spider mites
Infusion based on orange or tangerine peel (dried or fresh) is used to prevent spider mites. Prepared similar to infusion of onion peel. An arbitrary number of crusts (the more the better) is filled with boiling water. The resulting "compote" insist for half a day and filter. Then diluted and applied. This tool can be a truly effective protection against pests.
Props and garter
Many make or acquire various decorative supports for spray roses. The branches are tied to them or fastened with wire clips. When the buds begin to grow, it is necessary to check the condition of the old supports, and in case of their malfunction, install new ones. Pruned and treated bushes are fixed on supports. It is best to do this with a soft garden wire.
Spring roses fertilizer
There are many nutritional complexes designed specifically for roses. They can even be differentiated by varieties of roses. The main thing in rose dressing is the presence of all the necessary substances for plants - from nitrogen to magnesium.
The main thing in dressing for roses - the presence of all the necessary plant substances
There are fertilizers of prolonged action - it is enough to feed them with plants twice a year - in spring and in the middle of summer, after the first mass flowering.
Important! It is a big mistake to feed the roses in autumn, especially in areas with a cold climate. Bushes do not have time to prepare for the rest period and will not endure the winter.
It is desirable to add organic matter to any fertilizers. Roses are very fond of rotted manure, chicken droppings. From such a fertilizer, they really "bloom."
Removal from the bushes of the winter shelter
The winter shelter is removed from the bushes after the night frosts have gone, and the daytime air temperature reaches stable values.
If the shelter is made of waterproof material that does not transmit light, you should first slightly open the bush so that it is ventilated and the moisture that has accumulated under the shelter evaporates. Roses fully open in a few days when they acclimatize to outdoor temperature.
If a breathable material is used, the cover can be removed immediately.
Spring pruning roses
Pruning bushes in early spring is carried out for sanitary purposes, removing the shoots that have frozen over the winter. In addition, it allows you to form a rose.
Depending on the type of roses grown there are certain nuances when cutting bushes:
- Hybrid tea roses. After removing dry branches on adult bushes, no more than 8 shoots are left, shortening them after 6 buds. Young saplings enough to leave 3 shortly trimmed twigs (after 3 buds).
- Shrub roses. Varieties that bloom once do not prune (they only remove dry shoots). Roses that bloom several times, pruned to one third of their height.
- Standard roses. On the shoots leave no more than 5 buds, cutting them at about the same height.
- Climbing roses. As well as shrub roses, young climbing trees that bloom once do not prune, otherwise the next season will not bloom. It is enough just to thin them out by cutting out dry shoots. In varieties that bloom many times, the side branches are shortened to 2-3 buds, leaving the main branches intact.
After the bushes are trimmed and fertilized, the soil around the trunk should be carefully, so as not to damage the roots, dig. Top on the ground lay out a layer of mulch 5 cm thick, without closing the main shoot.
As mulch used sawdust, dry grass or compost.
When the mulch is rotting, it is mixed with the ground and spread a new layer. This will help retain moisture, protect the roots, and create an obstacle to the development of weeds.