How to grow thyme in the country - this is not the main question for this plant. Thyme is quite unpretentious plant and does not require too much care. When growing thyme, the question is not only in the characteristics of planting and care, but also in the choice of the plant variety. And here the most interesting begins.
Well thyme say you, so what? More informed will say that thyme and thyme are one and the same. So it is, but the fact of the matter is that thyme thyme is different and some varieties of thyme, such as creeping thyme or thyme, are more versatile than the same thyme.
But let's get together:
So, thyme - a perennial shrub perennial plant of the family Clearwood.
By the way, there are several thousand different plants in this family. Among the relatives of thyme are mestizo, basil, oregano, mint and other useful and fragrant herbs.
Speaking of thyme, it is often claimed that it is the same thyme or savory. This is true, but only in part. This is a type of thyme. Namely, about creeping thyme. That's it, he is a thyme. Why creeping, you ask?
The name is related to how and where this plant grows. And it often grows on the slopes of hills and mountains, covering a fairly large space with a kind of carpet. We have creeping thyme or savory in nature can be found in the middle lane and in the south - in the Krasnodar region, in the Rostov region. During flowering, thyme or thyme is very beautiful when all the slopes of hills and ravines are covered with thyme flowers.
The plant is a shrub and reaches a height of 35-40 cm. The creeping thyme is slightly lower, but besides it grows and spreads, and this seems even lower.
Common thyme grows in the middle lane and most often it is a cultivated plant, which is grown because of its pharmaceutical properties and as a honey plant.
Useful properties of thyme
All types of thyme contain essential oils which contain thymol. This substance is the most valuable for medical purposes. It is used in medicine as an antiseptic and disinfectant.
Thyme is also a very important component of such a popular and still effective remedy as Pertussin. For so many cough remedies invented, but Pertussin is still popular effective. And often more effective than many modern tools. It is used in bronchitis and other diseases of the upper respiratory tract.
Thyme is also a very popular flavoring seasoning in cooking. It is used in the preparation of meat and vegetable dishes, in baking. Italian and French cuisine is unthinkable without thyme.
The natural habitat of this plant is very wide and is represented by more than two hundred species. As a breeding species thyme is most often used:
How to cultivate
The easiest way is to purchase ready-made seedlings in a specialty store, already planted in a pot. You can choose different varieties. An ordinary thyme has lilac flowers, the plant itself is erect. In lemon - yellow leaves and the smell of lemon, and flowers - light pink, small.
Plant height varies from 15 to 40 centimeters. Thyme blooms throughout July and August, the aroma is thick, very pleasant, spicy.
You can dig a vending look at the edge of the forest, if there is such an opportunity. This plant quickly adapts and grows excellently in the garden, on the alpine hill, and at home in a pot, without demanding increased attention to its person.
Sowing thyme seeds in the open ground is made with the onset of spring.
- Soil before planting shed water. The seeds are very small, so they are not sown deep, no deeper than half a centimeter, sprinkled lightly with peat. Then the seedlings covered with foil. After 15-20 days shoots appear, and the film can be removed.
- To improve seed germination, you should maintain a temperature of 23-25 degrees and high humidity. With the advent of shoots, the temperature gradually decreases.
- Seedlings are planted in the ground at a distance of 10-15 centimeters from each other, and the distance between the rows withstand 40-50 centimeters.
- When planting seeds directly in open ground, thinning of seedlings is carried out when the first true leaves appear. If you plan to get a decorative carpet, when planting creeping varieties, the thinning can be avoided.
- In order to avoid the formation of a crust, the ground must be constantly loosened.
A reliable method of breeding thyme - with seedlings. Very small seeds of plants have a rather weak germination, and very weak and small shoots easily die in the garden.
- For planting seeds for seedlings prepare pots 8-10 centimeters high. Drainage is laid out on the bottom to prevent stagnation of water in the pot.
- Then they pour in the soil, compact it a little, moisturize it well, and sprinkle the seeds a little above, sprinkling it with peat or sand a little. The pot is covered with polyethylene to create a greenhouse effect, occasionally conducting airing.
- After a couple of weeks, when shoots appear, the pots are moved to a colder room with good lighting. The shelter is periodically removed for tempering, and then removed.
- After the appearance of two true leaves, they dive seedlings.
- In open soil grown seedlings transferred in two months. If the sun is very hot, then the first days of the seedlings are covered.
Breeding with cuttings and root layers
When thyme bloom ends, you can prepare cuttings for reproduction. Prepare woody shoots 3-5 centimeters long, remove the leaves, and then carry out rooting in a pot or under the film on the garden.
- For planting cuttings prepare and moisten the soil, make it a little hole a couple of centimeters deep. Planted cuttings, deepening them by 1-2 centimeters. The soil is constantly moistened until the appearance of new leaves.
- Creeping species produce shoots that grow on roots and root. To obtain such a process is very simple, cutting off from the main bush, and then transplant to a new place.
This procedure is best carried out in the spring. To do this, the dug bush is taken apart from the roots, divided into parts, each of which must have a growth bud. Then they are planted in a permanent place, deepening each bush by 5-6 centimeters.
How to grow thyme at home
At home, you can reproduce thyme all year. In this case, any of the possible methods will do.
- In room conditions it is more acceptable to grow erect bushes of a compact size.
- When daylight is reduced, seedlings must be additionally highlighted to avoid excessive stretching of the plants.
Home and outdoor care
- Thyme prefers to grow on light and loose soils with neutral acidity. Clay soils are not suitable for him.
- Having good drainage is a necessary and very important condition for growing thyme. At the slightest hint of stagnant moisture in the soil, thyme will refuse to live there. The fine gravel mulching of the plot gives a very good effect.
- A good option for a moisture-permeable mixture: peat, sand and ready-mixed soil (1: 1: 1).
- For successful growth thyme need to carry out regular loosening of the soil and weeding.
Author: Michael Bond
Did you like the post? Share with your friends!Many spices and herbs can be grown year-round on a windowsill, without requiring any special equipment and skills. You can get a lot of seedlings from one bag of seeds. thyme and share the fragrant spice in a pot with loved ones and neighbors. Thyme is used not only in cooking as a spicy aromatic additive, but also in cosmetology, traditional medicine.
How to grow thyme seeds from home?
Thyme (thyme) can be propagated and grown in two ways: by sowing seeds or by grafting. If there is no uterine bush, only the seed method of reproduction remains.
Thyme on the windowsill can grow anyone who is a little bit familiar with the basics of floriculture. Thyme (thyme) is sown in spring or autumn.
For planting, you need to take a small pot with a height of no more than 15 cm. Be sure to pour any drainage material on the bottom in order to prevent stagnation of water. Thyme roots do not tolerate excess moisture, rot, causing the plant to die. The drainage layer should be about 2-3 cm high.
Now you need to prepare the ground. Experts recommend adding perlite or vermiculite to the finished soil to regulate moisture and increase the air permeability of the soil. Thyme (Thyme) grows well on the purchase of soil "For cacti." To improve the composition to this purchased soil, you can add a third of the volume of black soil.
Before sowing, the soil should be moistened with a spray bottle, but not poured. Next, thyme seeds from a sachet are laid out on the soil surface and slightly buried, but not more than 1 cm. Plantings are slightly moistened, covered with polyethylene to maintain a constant moisture level. Periodically crops need to be aired to avoid the formation of mold and the development of fungal diseases.
Until thyme sprouts appear, it is better to keep the pot in a slightly shaded place, avoiding the open sunlight. The fact is that burning sunshine ruining shoots.
The first sprouts of thyme appear about 10-20 days after sowing, and after another 2 months the most powerful plants are left in the pot. If desired, weak shoots are transplanted into separate pots for growing.
How to care for home-grown thyme?
Watering seedlings should be moderate, without waterlogging, but too dry soil is extremely negative for the development of plants. Thyme seedlings grown and matured are best placed on a southern window, where the plants will have enough heat. With insufficient lighting sprouts stretched and withered. In addition, thyme grown in the shade is less fragrant and grows weakly.
When thyme grows up to 5 cm in height, it is necessary to feed it with mineral fertilizers. First, the soil is shed with clean warm water, then watered with a solution of mineral fertilizer. After each watering and top dressing, the soil must be loosened without damaging the root system of the plant, which is located near the soil surface.
Thyme is demanding of heat and light, so the pot with the plant should be kept in a room where the temperature does not fall below 5 ° C heat.
When home-grown thyme blooms, you can begin to harvest the spices. The stems and leaves of this plant are cut all year round as needed, but not carried away by cutting, so as not to weaken the bush.
In the second year, grown thyme bush can be seated in separate pots or cuttings. Growing thyme at home will always allow you to have fresh spice on the windowsill.