Turkeys have long been securely settled on many personal plots. No wonder. Very few people will refuse tasty dietary meat. Growing turkeys at home is not so simple, so the farmers have always dreamed of a breed that gives not only eggs, but also a lot of meat in a short time. Canadian breeders received such birds. Meat cross Highbird confidently settled on the Russian farmsteads. The Russians even came up with a funny name for the breed, the cross-converter, a bridge. You can be sure by looking at the photo of this amazing bird:
What is cross
When breeding any birds, breeders and breeders stop at some line. From this choice, select the best specimens of turkeys in all respects. Most importantly, the quality of adult birds should be inherited by turkey poults. Lines can be within the same or different breeds. When the lines are crossed, get the breed. The same techniques were used in breeding the breed heavy cross Highbrid converter.
And the breed determines the type of turkeys that are obtained by crossing non-pedigree birds, using selection.
Highbreed Converter turkeys are modern hybrids, and are increasingly conquering the inhabitants of Russia. Cross-converters in commercial farms are no less popular.
This cross is a hybrid canadian breeding. For crossing used:
- Bronze wide-breasted turkeys,
- White Dutch turkeys.
Stand out crosses wide breasts. Beak powerful with bright red earring. Despite the small head, they are distinguished by muscularity and agility. Turkeys and crossbreed Highbreed turkeys have white plumage. The male stands out with special beauty. If he dismisses his tail, then a huge ball of fluff appears before his eyes.
The breed of turkeys heavy cross Highbrid is distinguished by the ability to conquer a height of 2 meters. These are good runners, they can reach speeds of up to 45 km / h.
Highbird turkey converter with proper care and full feeding can carry about fifty large eggs. The females of medium cross more fertile, they usually have up to 80 eggs.
By the nature of the birds calm, internecine fights arrange infrequently. But with other pets of the poultry yard do not always get along. Experts advise to keep the livestock in a separate enclosure, fenced off from the rest of the guests with a metal grid. Moreover, highbird poults of the breed should not be placed in the same room with adults. This is also written in the reviews by poultry lovers.
They have a lot of advantages:
- They can live in any regions of Russia, regardless of the climate.
- Turkeys hybrid converter practically do not get sick, if conditions are created for them.
- Large meat yield: adult heavy cross turkey - up to 22 kg, turkey - up to 12 kg.
Undemanding birds in the issue of cultivation gained popularity for the beautiful presentation of the finished product. There are always buyers, and bird carcasses are willingly taken for restaurants.
Features growing turkeys
Turkeys Cross Hybrid, as soon as it gets warmer (from spring to autumn) contain on the street. Pens are specially made for them: alfalfa, clover, vetch, peas or other fast-growing grass are sown all over the area. In winter, birds are kept in closed pens, sawdust is laid on the floor, as the legs of turkeys do not tolerate cold.
Feeding at different times of the year
For feeding turkeys in the summer, use:
- wheat and corn,
- barley and oats,
- greens and special feed.
When cooking feed for turkeys heavy cross-converter, try to increase its nutritional value due to green onions, dandelion leaves, nettle. Birds prefer a large amount of greenery, even when they are kept on the paddock.
In winter, the composition of the feed should include chestnuts, acorns, various vegetables, chopped needles. Throughout the year, minerals and vitamins are needed for turkeys with increased precocity and quick weight gain of body weight. Rarely, but still, there have been cases when the turkey hybrid cross converter, selected in France, gained a record weight of 30 kg.
In order for babies to grow healthy, food should contain chalk, egg shells, meat and bone meal.
Great attention in fattening is paid to turkeys, because the main percentage of meat is received just from them. At the age of four months, the hybrid converter turkey has a mass of about 7 kg.
When observing the rules of care and cultivation of a breed of turkeys heavy cross Highbrid converter gives juicy, tender meat. If we compare the characteristics of the composition of the finished product with other breeds, then it is much more valuable for converters. It contains:
- trace elements, including antioxidant selenium,
- vitamins of group B.
Caring for turkeys is not so difficult, the main thing is to follow the rules:
- A spacious, warm room is required. In winter, it should be at least + 18-20 degrees.
- The room must be ventilated to avoid ammonia stagnation, drafts are unacceptable.
- Dry floor support sawdust, straw or peat. The litter is changed at least once a week.
- In one square place no more than 2 birds.
When growing turkeys, many farmers adapted to prepare their own food, mixing corn, peas and wheat with 10/30/60 parts, respectively, with boiled egg and curd cheese. In the first weeks, chicks are fed seven times, gradually reducing the number to 4x.
Features of growing in the winter
Although the cross is well adapted to tolerate frosty weather, their content in the cold period has its own characteristics. Breeders reviews provide some practical tips on how to grow a highbreed turkey turkey in winter.
- Do not allow the temperature to drop below -15 degrees.
- Floors of the house should be insulated with peat, dry straw or sawdust. Straw is changed every ten days, peat and sawdust - every three weeks.
- It is necessary to air the house even in winter, but without having to create drafts.
- If there are windows in the house that provide full light entry into the room, additional light sources can be waived. In the poultry house without windows in the winter it is necessary to include artificial light. For adult turkeys, light day is 14 hours.
- Shorten walks up to 2 hours a day to avoid hypothermia.