Many gardeners are attracted by aquilegia, the cultivation of seeds from which does not require much difficulty and preparation. An unpretentious plant can grow on any soil under any conditions. But a lush bush, decorated with bright colorful buds, can be obtained only if the plant provides optimal growth conditions. An important role in this is played by the choice of a site for planting - the plant does not tolerate direct sunlight, therefore it is better to plant it in the shade or partial shade.
Pinkish, bluish, yellow flowers will decorate any garden. The catchment area - the second name of aquilegia - does not tolerate direct sunlight. Therefore, you can choose a place for this plant even under a tree. The flower is characterized by quite powerful roots - up to 70 cm in diameter and the same size in depth. Despite the strong root system, the catchment does not transfer very well - its thin roots, which are formed on the main root, are very easy to injure.
Aquilegia blooms from May to July. Almost 3 months you can admire the lush bushes with colorful buds and thin leaves. In August, the seeds begin to ripen, by the end of the month they can be collected. It is important to have time to collect the seeds on time, otherwise they will fall to the ground, leaving empty fruit on the bushes. It is better to cut off the slightly browned - immature - fruits and dry them.
Important! Seeds can be stored in a cool place for up to five years.
Cultivation of the catchment
Reproduction of aquilegia is performed in several ways:
- sowing seeds into the soil,
- sowing seeds for seedlings,
- bush dividing
Cultivation of aquilegia from seeds is easier, with more flowers being produced, and they take root after transplanting more quickly. When breeding by dividing or grafting, the bush is injured, and this may adversely affect the further development of the fragile flower. That is why preference is given to sowing seeds.Seed propagation
Sow seeds can be both in spring and late autumn. In the second case, the seeds sprout better. If there is confidence in the good germination of planting material, the seeds are sown immediately to a permanent place. Otherwise, they are sown in open ground with further replanting to a permanent place. In order not to be disappointed in the future flower garden, when sowing it is necessary to follow all the recommendations of proper planting.Dividing bush
- Planting material is desirable to collect in the fall.
- Sowing date: mid-April.
- The seeds are sown in the soil heated to at least 16 degrees - the first shoots appear after 3 weeks.
- To increase the percentage of seed germination, it must be stratified: either quenched in a refrigerator for one and a half months, or held in a place with a high temperature (about +35 degrees) for about a month.
- Seeds are planted in shallow wells at a distance of about 25 cm from each other.
- Before the emergence of seedlings, the bed should preferably be covered with a film to create favorable conditions. At the same time, it is necessary to control the air temperature (+14 - +19 degrees), lightness and soil moisture.
- As soon as a pair of leaflets appears on the sprouts, they can be planted in a permanent place.
Sowing in the winter
- The bed is prepared.
- Pour seeds over the surface, lightly press them into the soil or sprinkle them with a thin layer.
- Borders are laid out on the edge of the bed, the bed is covered from above by a canvas. In this form, the seeds "winter", in the spring after the snow melts the canvas is removed.
Tip! The sides - plates can be replaced with a tank without bottom.
- Sprouts are transplanted to a permanent place when they have 3 or 4 leaves.
Sowing on seedlings - if the material is of unknown quality
- Sowing date - March.
- Soil is being prepared - sand, turf and humus from fallen leaves in equal quantities.
- To improve the germination of the seeds are stratified. You can stimulate them with special preparations, for example, "Zircon".
- For sowing, choose deep dishes, since the roots of aquilegia are long but weak.
- Seeds are spread on moist soil and sprinkled on top of a small layer of soil or slightly pressed into the ground.
- Before seed germination, containers are covered with some material (paper, film) to keep the soil moist.
- Before transplanting to a permanent place, seedlings create optimal conditions. It is important to prevent overmoistening - it can provoke the disease of the black leg, which leads to the death of sprouts.
Tip! To obtain stronger seedlings, it is necessary to provide additional lighting and a cool temperature regime - about +17 degrees.
- When 2 - 3 leaves appear, the shoots must be dived into separate containers, and by the end of May they will land in a permanent place.
For aquilegia bushes it is better to choose a shady area. Between the bushes it is necessary to observe a distance of at least 25 cm, and if a plant of large varieties is grown, then at least 30 cm.
Care of the catchment
After transplanting sprouts to a permanent place, it is necessary to shade them at first for better development and adaptation. Further care is as follows:
- Loosening and weeding: as needed. The heavier the soil, the more often it needs to be loosened.
- Watering: infrequent, but plentiful. Aquilegia refers to moisture-loving cultures, but deep and powerful roots can withstand any drought.
Important! The lack of moisture affects the size of flowers and the brightness of the foliage: the former are smaller, and the second is paler.
- Top dressing: depends on soil fertility. In the fertile soil fertilizing contribute twice: with the beginning of active growth and development of plants (late spring) and in the summer. Organic or mineral supplements are used in liquid form, combining them with abundant moisture and loosening. In poor soil fertilizers are applied several times. If the plant needs additional feeding, its flowers become smaller and paler.
- Fight against diseases and pests: bushes are often affected by fungal diseases, powdery mildew, rust and gray mold. Nematodes, aphids and spider mites also inhabit the aquilegia. If any danger is detected, it is important to take the necessary measures.
The first flowers will appear on the bush only in the second year of planting. When the flowering time is over, the stems bearing the inflorescences should be trimmed so that the plant's appearance remains attractive. Every year, it is necessary to add new soil to the roots in order to allow new shoots to develop. Caring care is the main component of the health of flowers that will delight you with beautiful and bright colors for up to six years.