General information

Features of the breed of cross pigeons monks


Latin name: Columba livia domestica

English cross pigeon (Eng. Nun pigeon) - a decorative breed, bred in the UK. Pigeons of this breed are white in color. The head is crowned with a feather hood, which gave the name to the breed.

Breed history

Doves Monks were bred in Germany several hundred years ago - in the XVII century. This is a rather ancient breed, which not only looks quite unusual, but also has a noble behavior. This pigeon was nicknamed "monk" because its appearance could lead to thoughts about the monastic robe. Later, a version appeared that they were called that way because some birds were separated from the flock and flew independently.

But the "cross" began to be added when they noticed that the opened wings during the flight very much resemble a cross. In general, purebred Crusade Monks are now extremely rare, because of the crossing they almost disappeared as a species. Although now there are many similar species that claim to be the improved breed.

general characteristics

The Cross Monks are not very large pigeons, their body length is about 35 cm. They can boast a strong constitution, proportionate, slightly elongated body and a round head. Their plumage is snow-white, only on the crown and the tip of the tail there are dark areas (from yellowish to black). A characteristic feature of this species is a snow-white tuft of thick feathers, which is located closer to the nape, right between the ears.

On the sides of it are two sockets, which consist of smaller feathers. Klyuvik quite small - only about 16 mm, neat and smooth, with a well-fitting ceres. Their neck is not too long and rather thin, although it thickens somewhat in the shoulder area, turning into the back and breast. The chest part of them is quite outstanding - in the girth is as much as 25 cm. The wings of the pigeon are long, tightly pressed against the body, the tail is rather short and flat. The paws are completely devoid of the edge, reddish in color and relatively short.


There are two main varieties of this breed - German Cross Pigeons and Moscow Monks.

Each of these species is different in its own way, and now we will consider their main features. German monks, as evidenced by ornithologists, have a clearer color. Their feathers are snow-white, and the tip of the tail and the characteristic “cap” on the head are painted brown. The eyes are also white, have a small black pupil and a light iris. Their torso is slightly inclined, about 35 cm long, the chest is rather wide - 24–25 cm, but their tail is flat, long, at the junction with the torso it stands out very poorly.

The beak is small and sharp, and the head is round and slightly elongated. There is also a white crest sticking up, which distinguishes them from other breeds of pigeons. Moscow pigeons are very similar to the German brethren. They appeared only in the twentieth century on the territory of Warsaw. Their plumage also has a white color, and at the crown and the very tip of the tail are areas that are colored brown or even black.

At the beak, the color may vary slightly, and similar changes can be observed in the area of ​​the forehead (at its base) and under the eyes. Their tuft is very disheveled, snow-white in color, located on the back of the head. The color of the beak can vary depending on the color of the “cap” - if it is black, it will be white, and if the bird has brown feathers on the top of the bird, the beak will be flesh-colored. They also distinguish the Altai variety, which differs from its fellows in that the “cap” may be yellow, red or brown, and the legs are slightly pubescent. These birds were bred solely as decorative.

Breed features

Keep the Cross Monks easy, they are unpretentious in the care. These birds are extremely friendly, both to people and to their fellows. Seeing another pigeon, "monks" very often invite him to their flock. The parental instinct of these birds is developed so well that they often nurture others pigeons (which many pigeon breeders use). They hatch, and then carefully take care of their own and others' chicks, providing them with care and food. Under favorable conditions, they can produce three or four broods per year.

About breed, photo and video

Pigeons of this breed are distinguished by their proud posture and high replanting on their legs. The head is elongated and narrow. Eyes are alive, with white or pearl iris. On the back of the neck there is a mane that continues the forelock. By the way, it is one of the main distinguishing features of the breed: shell-shaped, dense, high, falling down to the ears with curls at the ends. The back is straight, sloping towards the tail. Chest wide. The tail is long, flat, consisting of 12 feathers. The wings are pressed to the body. Color plumage may be different.
When flying on open wings a cross is visible.


  • Smallpox
  • knob
  • ornithosis
  • paratyphoid
  • trichomoniasis
  • coccidiosis
  • worms
  • paramyxovirus
  • tuberculosis
  • candidiasis
  • eye diseases

Pigeons are birds quite unpretentious in content and available for purchase, therefore, it is impossible to call them exotic or hobby only for an elite or a narrow group of people. However, there are nuances that, most likely, many beginners do not know, even if they kept other birds.

For a start it is worth deciding on which breed group your future pet (s) will belong to. In the world there are 4 types of pigeons: meat, sports (postal), flight (chasing) and decorative. German cross monks belong to the flight group.

This breed appeared at the beginning of the XVII century in Germany, which is reflected in the name. The word “crosses” was attached because of the plumage pattern during flight (the tail and feathers of the first order in the wings in the open form form a colored cross). The monk of this pigeon was nicknamed for the colored cap on his head.

This breed really liked the Russian golubovodam, and on the basis of its Moscow monks were bred. Unfortunately, due to frequent cross-breeding with other breeds, it is very difficult to find a blue-blooded monk today.

The flight of this breed of pigeons is short and short, circular. They are distinguished by their great friendliness, since, having caught sight of a stranger, they jump off their seats and flap their wings, “inviting” to their guests. For this they are sometimes called "horses". Their friendliness and sociability also manifest themselves in a way of life (they fly exclusively in a flock) and in taking care of their offspring, and not only about their own: monks often lay eggs of other pigeons for hatching and feeding.

When you are going to start pigeons, remember that these are flocking birds, so alone it will be bad for them. In addition, it is better to start the same number of females and males, because these birds live in pairs.

If your interests in pigeon breeding extend more widely than just keeping birds for yourself and admiring them, then it is recommended to formalize everything officially, and this will require a sanitary permit and veterinary certificate, since they spread a lot of dirt from pigeons and they spread a lot of dangerous infections.

The dovecote should be spacious and with selected cells under each bird (in size it should be done in such a way that the bird can easily fit there with folded wings). Near each such cell is desirable perch for sitting.

The dovecote itself can be several options. For example, in the West they are often built tower type. In this case, there are two sections at the disposal of the breeder: the bottom - for food and various accessories, and the top - for the birds. There are hinged structures, which are ordinary wooden boxes suspended under the roof. However, they are intended for no more than 6 pigeons. Many breeders make dovecot from the attic of their house, near the window.

Pigeons should have drinkers, feeders and kupalki in sufficient quantity for all. Do not forget to regularly clean your birds to prevent the occurrence of possible diseases and the spread of rodents. It is also necessary to arrange thorough disinfection of the whole dovecot once a month.

The basis of the feed is wheat with the addition of vegetables and fruits. Useful additives from chalk, sand and egg shell for good digestion. On average, an adult pigeon needs 40-50 grams of food per day. To strengthen the immunity of the birds can be given decoctions of chamomile, train and thyme. Fresh water should always be available.

In winter, the amount of feed increases slightly, since the pigeon’s body needs to produce additional heat for heating. During this period, it is better to add corn, pumpkin and sunflower seeds, peeled oats, and rape to feed. Today ready-made feeds and a mixture that are very good for winter time are also sold.

The content in the cold period is also different from the content in the warm. Dovecote must be warmed. To do this, use foam, mineral wool or drywall. And on the front door it is better to hang a warm blanket (you can even with polyethylene) to save heat and protect from drafts and penetrating cold.

Breed characteristic

Monks are an interesting breed, which is divided into varieties: Moscow and German. Apart from the color of feathers, there is no difference between them.

At the first, the main color is white, only the top of the head and tail are painted in a different color, in German the body is also white, but unlike the previous ones, the ends of the wings and tail are painted in a different color. However, experts consider them as separate subspecies. Consider the distinctive features of this breed of pigeons.


The standard appearance of a purebred specimen has the following characteristics:

  1. Plumage - light. The color of the tail and cap can be yellow, coffee or even black. The crest of pedigree representatives should be white.
  2. Body - large, its length is about 35 cm, while it is slightly elongated and tilted forward.
  3. Head - round shape, forehead - sloping. Between the ears there is a tuft of densely planted feathers.
  4. Neck - middle length. Near the head is thinner than around the shoulders.
  5. Chest - quite wide, about 24 cm in girth.
  6. The back is elongated, the transition to the tail is almost absent.
  7. Eyes - medium size. The pupil is black, the eyelids are flesh-colored.
  8. Beak - even, small size, its length - no more than 16 mm.
  9. Wings pressed to the body and quite long, but the ends do not fall below the tail.
  10. Tail consists of 12 tail feathers, in shape - flat.
  11. Legs - without feathers, red color, with light claws.
Pigeons, which have visible deviations from the appearance of the standard species, are not purebred monks.

Cross monks do not like to fly high and long; they prefer to sit on roofs, while being rather close to each other. Despite the fact that these birds are proud and dignified, they are endowed with affectionate and friendly character.

Breeders have noticed that pigeons love to invite newcomers to their flock. To do this, they fly up to them and jump around - as a result of such actions, the novice joins them and becomes a member of the pack.

How to distinguish purebred

Despite the fact that ordinary people do not pay attention to small details in the appearance of certain birds, avid breeders know exactly how to distinguish a thoroughbred representative seeing all the shortcomings at once. Consider what disadvantages monks are considered minor:

  • dark marigolds
  • on the tail feathers of light shade,
  • small wings,
  • beak shorter than 15 mm
  • breast is sunken.

The following characteristics are attributed to the complete non-conformity to purebred breed:

  • lack of a tuft or its rare plumage,
  • tail light shade
  • small body
  • the presence of feathers on the feet,
  • plumage color without clear boundaries
  • the presence of white stripes on the head,
  • large head,
  • thick beak.

Birds, which have at least some of the characteristics set forth above, cannot participate in exhibitions as representatives of the breed of the cross monks.

Indoor conditions

There should not be any grids inside the pigeon house, birds should have complete freedom of movement. Since the pigeons are clean, they need systematic cleaning of the pigeon house and its disinfection.

During the harvesting, it is necessary to thoroughly clean the resting places, as well as the troughs and feeders from food residue. Disinfection is usually carried out 1 time per month. At this time, the birds are removed from the pigeon house and carefully treat all surfaces with a disinfectant solution, after which the room needs good ventilation.

What to feed

Cross monks are omnivores. It is important that their food is balanced, only in this case the pigeons will not get sick and will remain hardy.

The diet of birds of this breed consists of the following feed:

  1. Oats and barley. Contains a lot of fiber, which has a positive effect on the work of the stomach.
  2. Corn. Easily absorbed by the body, while superior to other feed on the energy value.
  3. Lentils Source of plant proteins.
  4. Hemp and flaxseed. Replenish the level of amino acids and fats in the body.
  5. Millet. Contains a large amount of vitamins necessary for birds.

It is useful to add fish oil at the rate of 10 ml per 1 kg of feed. After goiter milk, babies are given wheat soaked in water for the first time.

Video: how to feed and water the pigeons Although it is difficult to meet thoroughbred monks today, however, if you set a goal to breed these beauties, you can find a couple who, if properly cared for, will be able to produce offspring, but it will later become a whole bunch.

Characteristic view

Doves German cross monks got their name due to their specific appearance. They are harmonious, strong, have a beautiful fluffy "tuft" ("comb") on the back of the head (seen in the video). Immediately they were called exclusively by German monks, but when they began to be bred on the territory of Ukraine and Russia, pigeons began to be called “cross”.


Breeders of Germany in the 17th century raised a breed of pigeons German monk, which was later assigned a standard. This name was given to these birds due to the fact that during the flight, when pigeons open their wings, a cross on them becomes noticeable. Today, in the territory of their origin, special exhibitions of birds are held, at which the most beautiful of them are awarded prizes. This breed of birds is very common among Russian pigeon breeders.

Video "Breeds of pigeons German cross monk"

The video shows various representatives of this breed with all sorts of interesting colors.

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A bit of history

Back in the 17th century, a breed was bred in Germany, which immediately became known as the German Monk. There are two versions of origin. According to the first, the reason was the appearance, which resembled the attire of monks. The second option is about the independence of the species and the desire to fly alone. Over time, the name of the breed was supplemented with the word "cross", because, if you look at the flight from below, the open wings of the Monks resemble a cross.

Nowadays it is difficult to meet purebred Crusade Monks. The degeneration of the species occurs due to numerous crosses for the sake of improving the breed.

The recognition of such birds is possible, thanks to their unique appearance.

There are 2 types of Crusade Monks: German and Moscow. They are very similar to each other, but they have different feather colors: from brown and silver to reddish and blue.

a brief description of

The monk has the following characteristics:

  • The main feature is the crest on the nape of thick white feathers,
  • strong body 35 cm long
  • elongated shape, slightly tilted forward torso,
  • legs without feathers
  • small eyes with a moving black pupil,
  • forehead, which turns into a delicate little beak 15 mm long,
  • elegant neck, smoothly turning into the body,
  • spectacular comb, which is considered to be a sign of purebred breed,
  • developed wide chest
  • long wings, pressed to the body,
  • medium sized tail of 12 tail feathers,
  • a light-colored body that adorns a different color of tail, a hat on the head, which is yellow, black and coffee,
  • can fly at low altitude and not for long.

Pigeons Monks are different from other fellows by the contrast of a white body with a dark head and tail. The bird is extremely friendly and when it sees that other pigeons are flying by, hurries to meet them and calls to the flock. On any photo you can see the proud posture and grace of flight of birds. In addition, the Monk is incredibly resistant to external influences and hardy.

Specificity of subspecies

Now let's find out the difference between the German Monk and the Moscow. Both those, and others have a crest. But Moscow Monks were bred quite recently: in the twentieth century. They are snow-white, like all the Cross Monks, but differ in the color of feathers on the tuft: if the German subspecies are recognizable with brown plumage, then Moscow can have from black to reddish-yellow. In addition, birds have a corporal beak with a brown “cap” and coffee tail, and a black one with white ones.The Altai Monk is distinguished by grace and the fact that the crest can be of any color.

Individual characteristics do not allow pets to make long flights and rise too high from the ground. The winged ones skillfully create a flock and are kept close enough to each other. Horse pigeons stand out against the background. Such individuals sit for half a day on the roof, but at the sight of outsiders rush towards, as if calling for them to join. Breeders of birds deservedly consider them the most calm and affectionate among their own kind.

Crusade Monks are clean and friendly, attached to people and unpretentious to the living conditions. Care of them does not take a lot of time and effort. They are very good parents and carefully take care of the offspring. Breeders use their parental qualities and use them to raise other breeds, even more valuable. Proper care will provide 3 or even 4 broods in one summer.

The Cross Monk must be kept in a special poultry house and be constantly provided with high-quality, balanced feed. Individuals are omnivorous and resistant to various diseases. When planning to acquire representatives of this rare breed, it is important to know that no hassle or special expenses will arise.

Breed description

The individuals of this species are very beautiful. These are harmonious, strong birds with a recognizable "tuft" or "crest" from the back of the head. The color of representatives of pigeon monks can be very diverse - from white with brown to blue, coffee, brown, silver and even red. Immediately after breeding, the breed was called German, but then, after a long breeding on the territory of Russia and Ukraine, the name “crusted” was attached to pigeons.

The distinguishing feature of a purebred pigeon is a clear, rich and even color.. Their body is predominantly white in color, but the tail and first-order feathers in the wings are always colored in some shade. The eyes of birds are pearly or white. The tail is long, flat, the beak is small, the legs are red with claws of a light shade. A fine representative of the breed can be seen in the photo provided above.

Cross monks are very popular with breeders in Russia and neighboring countries. First of all, for a very friendly and contact nature, obedience and accuracy. Crusade monks are very attached to their home, and also beautiful and unpretentious. Another photo illustrates how harmoniously these birds are folded.

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