Cherries Valery Chkalov is a proven early variety grown in many regions of Russia. It is valued for its versatility, high quality and fruit taste. The variety is demanding to care and needs protection from diseases.
Adult tree height
The tree is tall and large, reaching 5 m. The adult cherry has a spreading crown with a large number of leaves. The conductor is thickened, the crown is rough, grayish-brown hue. Skeletal shoots grow at an acute angle, have a red-brown color. The remaining branches are brown-gray, strongly bent, reaching 5 mm in diameter. Buds in the shape of a cone. The leaves are 10x19 cm in size, oval-shaped, with serrated edges. Petioles 50 mm long with two pronounced glands at the base of the leaf. You can learn from the video how the cherry grows and bears fruit Valery Chkalov:
Formation of cherry by bush type:
- In the spring, in the first year after planting, cut the seedling to a height of 40–60 cm. During the warm season, the cherry will give many side branches.
- Next spring, shorten all shoots by 1/5 the length. If there are branches extending from the trunk at an acute angle, tilt them at an angle close to a straight line, and fix, tied to the pegs. By the fall, the branches themselves will already be in this position.
- In subsequent years, cut shoots that grow vertically, down and inside the crown, dry and broken. Also cut off anything that grows above 2–3 m above the ground.
The height of the cherry shaped as a bush does not exceed 2–3 m
Watering and feeding
Cherries love moist, but not flooded soil. Therefore, we need watering and mulching. Valery Chkalov especially needs water:
- during budding and flowering,
- when the ovary grows to the size of a pea.
The approximate watering rate is 2–3 buckets per 1 m² of the circle. Also need water recharge irrigation in October, but on the condition that the autumn is dry. The rate of under-winter irrigation is 1.5 times more than usual.
For watering cherries need 2-3 buckets of water
Combine watering with dressing. Sprinkle fertilizer on a circle and then water it. In the first half of summer, nitrogen supplements are needed, for example, 50 g of urea per 1 m². You can put mulch from humus or compost. In the fall, superphosphate (40–60 g / m²) and potassium sulfate (40 g / m²) are needed.
It is convenient to use ready-made mixtures for fruit trees, which today are sold in a wide range under the brands Agrovita, Agrooptorg, Agros.
Complex fertilizer for fruit trees can be purchased in specialized stores