Blackberry repairing varieties are bred not so long ago, and are actively gaining their popularity. The most distinctive feature from the others is double fruiting per season - the main condition for this is the necessary climatic norms. Caring especially for the plant is not necessary.
Remontrant blackberry bush pampers with the first berries already in mid-June, the second fruiting begins in late September. The use of the one-year growing cycle shifts fruiting in August-October, when the berries ripen first on the shoots left from last year (if left), then on the annual ones.
All varieties that are combined in the remontant category are almost identical - growing conditions, care, fruiting period. The only and minor differences relate to taste and berry forms.
Remontant blackberry bushes are quite compact, covered with a lot of thorns. Shoots grow vertically. The flowering period is unrealistically beautiful - the bushes practically turn into bright lush bouquets, carrying a delicate scent through the garden. Blackberry flowering is long, and often in the plant combined the simultaneous presence of large delicate flowers and growing berries.
Mature berries of blackberry are distinguished by their juiciness, size, aroma and excellent taste.
Shelter for the winter is simple when using the one-year cycle. In the autumn, the above-ground part is removed, and only the root system requires shelter. Automatically there is no question of protecting the plant from rodents (hares, mice). Bushes are not afraid of cold spring and frost.
Annual stalk cultivation eliminates chemical treatments, which makes it possible to grow environmentally friendly crops.
It is possible to distinguish the repair blackberry from the usual one by:
- yield in the first year of planting,
- fruiting twice a year (when sheltering young shoots for the winter),
- external indicators (compact bushes, bright and long flowering).
Popular remontant varieties
"Ruben" - the most fruitful remontant variety, was bred in 2005 by American professor John Ruben Clark. The varietal quality of blackberries admired not only local gardeners, in just a few years it flew around the American continent, became popular in Europe and reached Russia. A tall, giant bush, grows up to 2 meters. Strong shoots do not require support, garters. Thorns cover shoots, after fructification they crumble. The fruits ripen in June. The berries are large, sweet, dense.
Prime Arc 45 is also an American variety bred in the state of Arkansas - promising, high-yielding. Large, tasty, fragrant berries (10 g, and after the second harvest, 16 g). Early maturation, even Natchez ahead. Thorny shoots, powerful and tall. Resistant to major diseases, pests. The only drawback is frost resistance.
"Prime Arc Freed" - the first remantantny variety of blackberry beshipnoy. Large berries, dense and sweet. Well tolerated transportation. Compact powerful bushes with vertical shoots, resistant to diseases.
"Prime Yan" - the newest variety, bred all in the same state of Arkansas. Differs powerful bushes. The shoots are covered with multiple spikes, powerful, but require support. Berries are medium, sweet, tasty. Very fragrant and attractive. Transportability is transferred easily, long remain marketable.
Differs in frost resistance.
Prime Jim is also one of the new blackberry remontant varieties that has not yet been fully studied. Only some characteristics are known - the bushes are not large, the shoots are straight. Berries have an elongated shape and sweet-sour taste.
Advantages and disadvantages
Advantages of blackberry repair varieties:
- yield twice per season
- ornamental shrubs - decorate the garden, especially during flowering - the whole plant is covered with large fragrant flowers,
- compactness of bushes
- ease of pruning - all fruitful shoots are pruned in the fall, only the root remains,
- simplicity of preparation for winter - almost the root is covered,
- Besshipnaya (varieties with the absence of thorns - give the possibility of easy care and harvest),
- good disease resistance.
- some varieties have low frost resistance,
- the presence of thorns - even though scientists have bredless varieties, most varieties are full of thorns.
Features of planting and care
Planting remontant varieties is possible in a single, separate (the distance between the bushes is not less than 2 * 2 meters) and the band case (the distance between the rows is 2 m, and between the bushes 0.5 m).
The site should be sunny, but not completely naked. It is necessary to have a penumbra. Alkaline soil is extremely undesirable, even destructive for blackberries. Before planting, you should know the acid-base state of the soil, and with a lack of acidity (optimally 6.0 pH), acidify it (colloidal sulfur, peat moss, pine needles, acetic acid).
Fertilizers in the planting pit add only natural (humus, compost, wood ash).
Remontant blackberry saplings for planting should be with a closed root system (they take better root when planted in a new place with a clod of familiar land).
Important! Seedlings must be one or two years old! (about half a meter tall, up to 6 mm thick and consist of one or several branches). The presence of a finished growth kidney is a must!
- if the rhizome is open, it is soaked for a day in water at room temperature or in a biostimulating solution,
- dug a hole for planting watered, give water to fully absorb,
- at the bottom of the pit they make a mound on which the seedling is placed, the roots are spread out to the sides.
- should fall asleep in small portions, systematically gently tamping,
- a growth kidney should be buried no more than 3 cm,
- immediately after landing, it is necessary to water,
- after moisture is absorbed, mulch the plant (fresh grass, humus, peat).
The most demanding blackberry repair shrubs to watering. It must be regular, otherwise the yield will decrease. Watering directly affects the number of bush ovaries.
The shoots of blackberry repair in most varieties are strong and powerful, and do not require support. But too large brushes with numerous fruits can undermine them, in such cases installation of a trellis will be required.
Pruning of excess shoots has a positive effect on the fruits - they ripen much earlier.
Feeding blackberries should be regular. Every spring, manure or humus is added to the loose soil. Potassium is necessary for the ovary of the fruit, so immediately after flowering it is given to the plant.
Reproduction of blackberry repair varieties
A lay-off is a small component of a blackberry (any other) shoot, or a shoot completely. This component is attached to the ground and watered abundantly. Roots are formed quickly and new shoots develop.
There is the practice of reproduction of BlackBerry with horizontal layers - the shoot fits into a dug (up to 6 cm) recess and is completely buried. The procedure allows you to get a few bushes, but smaller in size, and much weaker than in the first case.
The root is used directly, which is cut into many parts - cuttings (not less than 10 cm in length). They are placed in the ground (no more than 12 cm depth), watered.
They are planted in early spring (or at the end of winter). The cultivation dishes are filled with a mixture of peat chips and river sand in equal proportions, moisturize and immerse the seeds there by 6 cm deep. The appearance of the second leaf of seeds gives permission to land in the ground if the climate is already warm.
Preparing for the winter
Preparing a blackberry for winter is pretty easy - in the fall, shoots are almost completely removed after fruiting, which allows you to cover only the aboveground part of the rhizome, so to speak a small "stump". It can be mulched with a thick layer (at least 10-12 cm).
According to the majority of reviews, it is possible to say that remontant varieties are much better - they are less troublesome, there are practically no diseases, and they are also quite resistant to pests.
It is a pleasure to grow such a berry. And if you take into account the blackberry Prime Arc Freed - so this is generally a fairy tale. There are no thorns, the harvest is simply magical. Large berries, with excellent taste. And what else attractive. There is no better grade.
What is different from the usual blackberry
From a simple blackberry remontant differs the possibility of re-fruiting. The first berries ripen on the shoots of last year, and the second - on the shoots of the present, grown over the summer. If you take care of the plant, like a regular blackberry, then it will bear fruit once. But the repair shop involves carrying out a competent pruning for the winter. Shoots (old and young) are shortened to hemp 20-25 cm from the soil surface.
Then carry out feeding and shelter, which use peat, sawdust or covering material. Overwintered bushes will give the first harvest in June and July. And the grown branches will please with repeated fruiting in August-September.
Pros and cons of remontant varieties
Gardeners who have such a plant in the country, note the positive qualities of the shrub:
- The plant is easy to prepare for winter. Pruning and shelter exclude freezing of the ground part of the plant.
- Artificially induced later flowering protects the blackberry from recurrent frosts: the ovaries are not damaged, the harvest is guaranteed.
- When spring planting (April - early May) berries ripen in August and September. Regular blackberry will delight the harvest only next spring.
- Low winter pruning is a pest prevention. Affected branches are cut to a healthy site and burned.
- The bushes are very decorative throughout the season: they are either covered with fragrant flowers, or with ripening fruits.
- The plant is compact. When planting is not required to limit the bed, on the plot it does not spread.
But there are also disadvantages:
- the total mass of the two harvests is no more than the mass of one crop of ordinary blackberry,
- increased need for wetting the ridge,
- overloaded bushes require solid support.
Repeated fruiting enables the grower to gradually process a bountiful harvest.
Classification of varieties
Blackberries can be divided into:
- cumanica (its stems are practically not bent),
- rosyanik (has thin creeping stems up to 5 m long),
- semi-creeping varieties.
Most cultivated varieties in the gardens belong to the Cumnica.
Blackberry varieties mature at different times. In terms of ripening plants are conventionally divided into:
The taste of berries in different varieties of ripening is different.
Berries on such bushes ripen at the very beginning of summer: June. But one should not expect sugaryness and flavor from them: they do not exist. But the pulp is watery, juicy. The value of the crop is its early appearance.
Berries ripen in mid-July. They are less watery, more fragrant. They are nice to eat fresh or prepare compotes.
Late varieties delight the grower in August - early September. Their pulp is juicy and fragrant, the juice contains a lot of sugars. Such berries are eaten fresh, allowed in blanks, dried.
Gardeners are attracted by the winter-hardy varieties of blackberry repairman. Such bushes overwinter without shelter, their fruit buds and shoots do not freeze slightly. Winter-hardy blackberry saves gardener's time for preparing bushes for winter.
This blackberry shoots thin, easily bending. Their length reaches 5-6 m. Tops easily root themselves. Over time, such a blackberry turns the area into impenetrable thickets. In country gardens is rare.
For Moscow region
In Moscow, the Blackberry Remontrant has spread with erect shoots. It is easy to care for them, but it is necessary to tie them to the support: the plant overloads itself with fruits. The best varieties for the region are Ruben, Black Magic, Prime Jim, Prime Arch, Prime Yan. They easily produce two abundant crops. With the complete removal of the shoots of last year, the only harvest increases.
For central Russia
For the middle zone of Russia, early varieties of blackberry remontant are preferred. They will have time to give both crops before the onset of cold weather. With a warm autumn the plant pleases berries until mid-October.
Excellent proven varieties of Freedom and Giant. Their shoots are upright, up to 2.5 m high. Winter-hardy plants.
The climate of the Urals is continental. It is characterized by cold, long winter and hot, but short summer. In such conditions, the blackberry remontant feels unwell and bears fruit badly.
But we can recommend some varieties that, with a good winter shelter, will delight with the harvest. It is worth paying attention to Ruben, Polar, Lough Tei.
According to external parameters
Blackberry Repairman differs in the habit of the bush. But gardeners are interested in another difference: the presence or absence of thorns.
Traditionally, the spines of the plant are frequent and sharp. You have to pick berries in gloves. What awkward. And during pruning and garters have to wear special clothes, so as not to damage the skin.
Breeders have created thorns-free blackberry varieties. It is much easier to care for such plants.
Gardeners want to have in their dachas the most fruitful variety of blackberry remontantnoy. But it is important to remember: the declared yield is obtained only if all the dressings, irrigations, and garters are observed.
Among the varieties with high yield stand out:
- Ruben (up to 7 kg per square meter),
- Prime Arch (has large berries up to 10 g),
These varieties traditionally give two good crops.
How reparative blackberry breeds
Reparative blackberry does not give root processes, as traditional. But for its reproduction has its own methods.
Reproduction by layering is the easiest way. The top of the shoot slightly incised, pinned to the ground and sprinkled with soil. The place is regularly moistened. After 3-4 weeks ready for planting in a permanent place a new bush.
The perfect way to rejuvenate a culture. Old plant digging, rhizome inspect. Allocate healthy areas with 2-3 buds. Cut the root into pieces, slices sprinkled with activated charcoal. Then pieces of the root are planted in pre-prepared planting pits. It is important to regularly moisten the soil before the stems appear.
Blackberry prefers slightly acidified medium-nutrient soil. It grows well on medium loam and sandy loam. Heavy loam should sand. Sandy soil is recommended to acidify with peat.
Blackberry likes organic. Mature compost or humus should be introduced into the soil before planting. It is important to avoid the high level of groundwater in the places of bush placement.
Timing and landing schemes
The repair blackberry is planted twice a year: in spring (April-May) and in autumn (September-October). Spring plantings have an advantage: the seedling will have time to build up the root system and successfully overwinter.
When planting in the fall, the gardener risks getting a frozen bush in the spring. In late planting the plant should be carefully covered, moisten the soil.
Shrub loves sunshine. This should be considered when placing bushes. Plants with a powerful habit have at a distance of 70-90 cm from each other. Compact plants allow planting after 40-50 cm.
Optimum climatic conditions
The plant is a native of the southern regions. Therefore, it grows best and bears fruit in regions with mild winters and long warm summers. At the same time the plant is sensitive to the number of sunny days. But breeders create frost-resistant varieties and hybrids with a short maturation period. If you follow the rules of care and proper type selection, you can get two abundant crops in problem regions.
Blackberry is responsive to making organic. When planting, it is recommended to fill the landing pit with compost or humus. During the season, it is recommended to pour compost mixed with mulch under the bushes 2-3 times. In the autumn, for each plant, it is required to apply phosphorus-potassium fertilizers in the amount of 20 g. It is recommended to soil the soil after application and to cover it with mulch.
After the snow melts, the bushes need to be fed with nitrogen fertilizers (urea). For each plant should be made 10-12 g. Then it is recommended to otgresti old mulch and cover the trunk of the new trunk. Layer should be 15-20 cm thick.
After the plant leaves the wintering area, it is recommended to carry out sanitary pruning. All frozen, broken shoots are subject to removal. Then in the summer 2-3 pinches are carried out: the lateral fruiting shoots are shortened at a height of the main 30 cm and 70 cm. In the fall, all shoots (old and new) are shortened to the size that the gardener can cover. If you plan to get one crop, old shoots are cut at ground level.
Diseases and pests: ways to deal with them
Due to the nature of the cultivation, the remontant blackberry is practically not affected by the raspberry beetle and the raspberry fly. But in the dry summer the plant is threatened by a spider mite. To prevent damage to plantings, it is recommended to monitor soil moisture.
Landings are sometimes affected by anthracnose. To prevent the disease is recommended to make timely feeding.
Shelter for the winter
Blackberry needs shelter for the winter. For this fit laptnik collected in the forest. It will protect the plants from damage by mice. Пеньки полностью укрывают лапником, а сверху — соломой (она даст тепло). Рядом с посадками с южной стороны рекомендуется воткнуть несколько веток для обеспечения задержания снега зимой.
Что собой представляет ремонтантная ежевика
Reparative blackberry varieties, just like the similar varieties of its close relative - raspberries, are able to bear fruit twice a season. The berries of the first harvest ripen on the shoots remaining from last year, and the second harvest is given by shoots grown in the current year.
If desired, it is possible to take one crop from remontant varieties in the fall. In this case, the shoots are not left for the winter and the bushes are completely subject to cutting. Berries, respectively, are tied only on newly grown shoots. In this case, the fruits are large and there are more of them than in the case of double fruiting.
Blackberry - a thermophilic plant and in cool areas it must be covered in the fall. But even this, in frosty winters without snow, does not save shoots from freezing. If we talk about remontant varieties, they are not afraid of the cold - the shoots are cut out, and the rhizome is safely hidden under the ground. In the spring of the roots will go new growth, which will bloom by the end of summer, will form the ovary and give fruit.
This blackberry is recommended to grow in the Moscow region, where winter is unpredictable. The construction of shelters for large shoots is time consuming and requires the appropriate cost of materials. In the case of remontant varieties, you can simply cut the bushes to the root for the winter.
Such a blackberry is also good for mass cultivation in greenhouses in the middle lane. After all, getting two harvests, the first of which can be harvested under film at the end of April, is very profitable from the financial side.
What grades of blackberry remontant are suitable for Moscow region?
Council For the region of the middle band, it is desirable to pick up early ripe remontant varieties, due to the fact that early frosts in the fall can partially or even completely destroy the crop.
There are not many varieties of remontant blackberries and most of them are recommended for cultivation in the southern regions or in greenhouses. The varieties described below showed themselves well in the conditions of the cold middle band.
Ruben. Powerful shoots of this variety reach 2 m in length. The stem is covered with many thorns. Early ripe variety. On two-year-old (last year's) shoots, the beginning of the ripening of berries is the end of June, and on one-year-olds (this year) you can harvest in the early days of August. Ruben does not require tying and any special composition of the soil. It tolerates a long absence of rain and watering. The berries are large - up to 15 g. Their sugar content is high, the sourness is almost not felt. Of the shortcomings of this variety, there is a poor fruit set during the period when the heat is retained in August.
Prime jim (Prime Jim). Endowed with powerful, erect shoots studded with spikes. Early variety. The first harvest can be taken in early June, the second in August. It showed itself perfectly in cool regions. Prime Jim is considered a variety with very high yields. Fruits of medium size (up to 10 g), elongated, sweet and sour. Unpretentious variety.
Prime Jan (Prime Yan). The earliest variety of these. The shoots of this blackberry are very strong, of medium length, covered with spikes. On last year's branches ripening begins in June, and for the current year - in August. Prime Yang berries are large (up to 15 g), elongated, dense, with apple flavor. It tastes sweet.
Black magic. Blackberry stems are powerful, of medium height, while the spikes on them are much smaller than on other repairmen. Summer heat does not interfere with the formation of the ovary, which distinguishes this variety. The berries are shaped like an elongated cone. Small in size (7-8 g), sweet, with a pleasant blackberry flavor. During the season they mature quite a lot.
Council Blackberries have very poor keeping quality - only 2-3 days, so before transporting them, it is better to cool them to low temperatures above zero and put them in cardboard containers.
How to grow remontant blackberries in the suburbs
- Planting seedlings. Planted blackberries in the regions of the middle band should be in the spring. If the soil is heavy, then you need to take care of the drainage. Seedlings are placed in the hole 40x40 and sprinkled with earth. Landing slightly trampled and watered. It is advisable to immediately install the trellis, since the shoots of the plant are very high.
- Care for blackberry repair. This plant is not picky, so care is reduced to watering and periodic loosening of the soil. Fertilizing the soil under the repair blackberry can be organic and complex mineral fertilizer. It is enough to do this when planting saplings, and then once in several years. Pruning for the winter depends on the plans for the harvest. If the berries are harvested twice per season, shoots 1-1.5 m high are left for the winter, and if once, they are completely removed. In the spring, before budding begins, the frozen shoots are removed and the tops are pinned on the rest.
- Shelter for the winter. It is recommended to build a shelter for blackberries in late autumn, when the sub-zero temperature starts to keep constantly. The material for the shelter should be chosen such that passes air, such as agrofibre. Otherwise, during the winter thaw, moisture begins to accumulate under the shelter, which, when the temperature drops, will cause freezing or sticking of the buds. The soil under the airtight shelter can also be very moist, which would lead to the death of the roots.
Some gardeners are inclined to believe that it does not make sense to get two harvests per season in the suburbs. It is much easier to collect a bountiful late harvest and prune all shoots at the root. However, how to deal with a fairly new culture in our latitudes, an unambiguous recommendation cannot be given. This is a private affair of every lover.
What is the difference between blackberry and ordinary blackberry?
Blackberries, or ozhin - fruit shrub, which is only gaining popularity in the Russian areas. Her shoots are fragile, easily break off. Virtually all varieties require shelter for the winter, with the exception of plants growing in the southern regions. Ordinary blackberry varieties have a two-year development cycle: in the first year fruit buds are laid on the shoots, in the second year the bush bears fruit. Then the branches are cut, it all starts over.
Blackberry is called a repairman, which stably produces two harvests per season. The primary ripening period is mid-June, the second is the beginning of autumn. The first crop grows on the shoots of last year, the second - on young shoots. Reparative blackberries can be grown as usual, pruning last year's shoots for the winter and getting one harvest per season. Then the fee is shifted to August-October. At full pruning of a bush, autumn berries are larger and sweeter, there are much more of them on the shoots.
Varieties for the Moscow region and not only
For the Moscow region and central Russia, early-maturing varieties are considered the best. They manage to give berries before the arrival of autumn frosts. On sale there are varieties of both foreign and domestic selection. Many of them do not require support, have a compact crown with a height of not more than 2 m, give a bountiful harvest. The very first bespatny remontant representative became Freed, with proper cultivation even in the suburbs with a warm spring and autumn, he is able to produce 2 crops per season. Description of the variety will be given below.
In order not to remain without blanks for the winter, it is preferable to grow not only blackberries, but also other fruit bushes. For example, if you make raspberry jam for a five-minute prescription, then during the cold season you will have on hand a reliable home remedy.
Video about the formation of repair bushes.
Bearing remontantny - the best varieties for growing
For cultivation in the Moscow region and the middle lane is recommended to recommend several varieties:
- The giant is a shrub with flexible shoots (without thorns) up to 2.5 m long. The period of bud formation lasts from June to September, the flower diameter is 3 cm. The time of maturation of the ovaries is July-October. During the season, under favorable weather conditions and proper care from the plant, up to 35 kg of delicious berries are harvested. The average weight of the fruit is 20 g. The giant prefers sunny areas, does not tolerate heavy soils and swampy lowlands. Without losses, it can withstand temperatures down to -30 ° C, so it can be safely grown in Moscow, in the Leningrad regions and more severe regions.
Features of cultivation in the Moscow region
Experienced gardeners, in most cases, recommend achieving one fruiting remontant variety per season in favor of good yields. The climatic features of the middle zone do not allow getting a large number of berries in the autumn. Due to the lack of heat and light, the blackberry ripens shallow. Most often in the southern regions a bountiful harvest is gathered from the bush twice a year, although there are exceptions.
If you adapt the bushes to the climate of the Moscow region, you can get one harvest per season, but plentiful and tasty. Berries grow larger by autumn. If you want to feast on black tart fruits more often than once a year, it is more expedient to rehabilitate blackberries in a greenhouse.
Before planting, you need to choose the right sapling:
- The root system should be powerful, fibrous. Roots of different sizes, wet and flexible, with no traces of rot.
- The stem must have viable buds.
- Age of seedling 1-2 years.
To achieve active growth and fruiting in the area in the Moscow region, you will need to follow a few rules:
- The place for cultivation should be well lit, light partial shade is allowed.
- When planting, a drainage layer of 10-15 cm is laid in the soil. It is impossible to plant blackberries in lowlands and in places where sediments accumulate.
- Culture prefers organic fertilizers. When planting, humus or rotted compost is introduced into the pit. In the future, enough to fertilize the bush several times during the season. Agronomist E.I. In the fall, Yaroslavtsev recommends adding 20 grams of phosphate and potash fertilizers to straw from peat or peat in the fall. The soil under the bush along with mulch and dressing advises digging. In spring, you can add 8-10 g of nitrogen fertilizer and new mulching materials to the plant.
- Blackberry loves moisture. The soil in the wheel circle must always be kept wet. To preserve moisture, use mulch from peat or humus.
- In the spring, sanitary pruning is carried out, by winter all shoots are cut to hemp. During the season, hold several nip: at a height of 30 cm, 70 cm.
- So that the roots are not frozen, the trunk circle is covered with leaves, spruce branches. If it was decided to save part of last year's shoots, they are gently bent to the ground, secured and covered in 2-3 layers.
The choice in favor of modern achievements of breeding is fully justified when all the rules of care are observed, starting from the place of planting and ending with the application of fertilizers. The main task of the gardener is to prevent drying and freezing of the shoots.
Who Needs a Blackberry Repairman
Let's look at the practical side of the question: does it make sense to plant it in a garden plot and on a farmer's plantation, in which regions the culture will be promising and for whom.
- It is promising in the northern regions, at temperatures in winter below -30 C, where building a shelter is problematic, costly, time-consuming, and sometimes useless: the vine is simply mown. And unpromising: most varieties go into the winter.
- For the southern regions with a soft long autumn and early spring, allowing to reveal the full potential of the culture. Important: early flowering in the south avoids the peak of heat occurring during the period of pollination, which contributes to a good ovary. In addition, the repair does not give the berry in the hottest period, which has a positive effect on its quality and quantity.
- For greenhouses, cultivation in covering culture has been practiced in Europe for a long time, and it starts to come to Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, opening wide horizons in front of fruit and berry commerce.
Features agrotechnology growing
The first harvest can be tasted in June, it will grow on last year's shoots. The second - on the shoots of the current year, starting in August and before freezing. When grown in a greenhouse - in April May, depending on the variety. The most generous harvest is observed on the shoots of the current year.
- For double (two) fruiting, shoots of substitution in the fall do not eliminate, bending down, cover with agrofiber, mulch.
- For the removal of one crop, remontant varieties are cut to the root completely, in early spring the shoots of substitution begin to actively grow, and in the fall we will receive abundant fruiting.
What is better, two harvests or one - it all depends on the goal. In any case, the total gross yield is almost equivalent.
It is estimated that the volume and quality of the berries are better with one autumn fruiting.
The choice of method and from the climatic zone: the plants spend their energy on the June harvest, and with two gatherings in a temperate continental climate, the second harvest will be late, and a significant part of it can be received.
Everything is almost the same, as for ordinary varieties. They sit thicker, the distance when planting, depending on the variety, varies from 0.8-1.5 m, as well as the destination - in the garden or for a commercial plantation, where compacted planting with intensive dressings makes sense.
Need regular regular watering, with two collections - intensive fertilizing with organic matter, micronutrients of the NPK group.
Leaving the culture will take the same as its red sister-raspberry: the division of shoots into annuals and biennials when erected on supports, cutting under the root after fruiting.
Works on the selection of blackberry repair varieties were actively carried out at the University of Arkansas, USA. From there came the best of the best - Ruben, Prime Arc, Amara and other new items.
Early, on last year's shoots it begins to bear fruit at the end of June, at one-year - at the beginning of August. Belongs to the most productive. Pleases with large, up to 15 g fruits, dessert taste: sweet, without annoying acid.
Drought resistant, but when flowering poorly pollinated in the heat, at high temperatures, according to some gardeners. When grown in the southern regions need shading, drip irrigation.
It was bred in the USA in 2004. It is distinguished by strong tall shoots of upright growth type, studded, berry up to 10 g, medium size, elongated, with dense, sour-sweet pulp (8% sugar) of a pleasant taste.
The bush differs in decorativeness, pink buds and white large flowers are especially beautiful. Fruits first time in spring, the second - at the end of summer. One of the most productive among analogues, excellent results showed in the northern regions.
The two varieties were bred by the famous American breeder John Clark in 2004, the names were given in honor of Dr. James Moore and his wife Janita, who initiated the breeding program at the University of Arkansas.
On the photo is a blackberry remontant variety Prime Arc.
Blackberry Prime Arch 45 (Prime Ark 45)
The grade is removed in 2009, a find of the American breeders. The berry is large, elongated, very sweet, sugar 10% - against the background of many varieties that sin sour - a find. Taste higher than the above-described counterparts.
On one-year shoots, fruits 5-6 7 are medium-large, on annuals up to 5 g. During tests in California, Origone, results were recorded in 9 g.
It refers to late ripening - the first harvest in the middle of June and the beginning of July, the second in the middle of August, but the excellent yield and quality of the berries compensate the gardener for a long wait. Shoots with thorns, powerful. High yield, ability to transport give all the chances to become a successful variety for industrial cultivation. Grown often for two fees.
The sweetest, sugar 15%, acid 0.7% - the real magic of taste. Known among gardeners and farmers as a promising, high-yielding, well pollinating, not whimsical to care.
Recommended for cultivation in greenhouses, tunnels, in the southern regions for two crops, stretched to the frost. The distance when planting 1-1.5 m, grows neat bush.
If you are looking for a thornless repairman, you have finally found it! Berry weight up to 15 g is very large, productivity is excellent.
The lack of thorns, the need for removal from the supports - you forgive Amara even late fruiting in early September.
Of course, this variety is recommended for the southern regions - for the temperate continental climate of Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, it is good only for gardeners who are ready to accept that part of the crop may be lost due to early freezing.
Reviews of blackberry repair: all sad, but optimistic
According to most gardeners, remontant blackberry varieties do not make sense to grow two crops - this applies to most regions, except for the most southern and greenhouse farms.
Their main horse is a late abundant gathering and autumn mowing, facilitating troubles. However, all this is very individual.
Their main disadvantage is non-ripening in Middle Pauls, loss of the crop leaving in winter.
They are not particularly needed in the south: fairly early varieties, run-in, with a well-known approach to them in agricultural technology.
Where they are useful, so it is in closed ground, for off-season production.
As for the rest, the culture in the post-Soviet countries is new, and there is no way to bring exact figures of productivity. There is no exact data about the ripening period, the volume of production from a bush or hectare. It’s early to speak of clear prospects today.
As for the varieties presented above, there is no doubt about their prospects - they are good. The main thing is to find a use for them. А остальное зависит от заботливых рук, за тепло которых щедро отблагодарит ягода-ежевика черными ароматными гроздьями. Щедрого урожая!
2 комментариев к записи « Нужна ли вам ремонтантная ежевика – вот в чем вопрос »
Доброго всем вечера!
Для подмосковья ремонтантные сорта не рекомендую. Вызреть не успевают. Буквально вызреет 10-20 ягод и уже придут заморозки. Оставлять побеги на второй год не скашивая тоже не очень эффективно. Для этого есть много традиционных сортов. Tried and Ruben, and Black Magic, and Prime Arc Freedom. Everywhere the result is the same.
It's a pity. Really culture for closed ground. Black Magic is highly praised for taste, cursing for thorns - I would like to start.
How does a blackberry remontant differ from the usual
Repair Blackberry - one of the recent achievements of breeders. Therefore, it is still little known, even at home. The first varieties appeared only in the middle of the first decade of the XXI century. They are quickly gaining popularity, including among gardeners from the post-Soviet space.
At first glance, remontant blackberry is no different from ordinary varieties.
The main difference between remontant varieties from ordinary ones is a genetically inherent possibility in suitable climatic and weather conditions (middle zone and southern Russia, as well as all of Ukraine) to bring two harvests per season. The first wave of fruiting begins in mid-June, the second - in the last days of September. If you stick to the one-year cycle of growing blackberry remontants, fruiting will occur in August-October. First, the berries ripen on last year's shoots (if they were left), then - on annuals.
Blackberry repair shoots are literally covered with berries
It is worth looking more closely at the reparative blackberry in central Russia. These varieties are also appreciated for the fact that it is very easy to prepare them for winter. Most often, absolutely all shoots are cut to the state of short "hemp". This minimizes the risk of freezing of the aboveground part of the bush. But it is the shoots of the ordinary blackberry - the most vulnerable place that suffers not only from the cold, but also from mice, rabbits and other rodents (even with thorns).
The climate in Russia is unpredictable, and low temperatures in spring are by no means unusual. The repair blackberry is guaranteed not to suffer from return spring frosts in central Russia.
These varieties have other advantages:
- The first berries are tried already in the year of planting the seedling in the ground in August. At the same time does not waste time on growing new shoots. The shoots that have grown over the summer can be cut off for the winter and cover the roots with a nonwoven fabric or with a thick, 10–15 cm layer of mulch. In this case, next year the harvest will be only on annual shoots. Berries will be from early August to frost.
- With a certain care, you can get two crops per year. So if you want to get the maximum possible yield from the bushes, then in late autumn the shoots grown during the summer should be bent to the ground and covered for the winter with two or three layers of covering white material, for example, lutrasil or spandex. With this method of cultivation in June, last year’s, overwintered shoots will begin to bear fruit, and in the second half of summer - shoots of the current year.
- Minimization of efforts to combat diseases and pests. Many insects, their eggs and larvae, spores of fungi overwinter under bark or in wood. If the shoots for the winter are short cut, the pests lose their usual shelter, which makes it possible to refuse preventive treatments with chemicals - insecticides and preparations of biological origin can significantly affect the usefulness of the crop. But everyone wants to eat organic berries.
- Appearance attractive. Any variety of blackberry remontant almost throughout the season blooms with large white flowers with amazing aroma, reaching 6–9 mm in diameter. Often, flowering stops only with the first frost. Such a bush throughout the summer adorns the garden and attracts insect pollinators, which is useful for other plants.
- Compact bush. Remontnaya blackberry does not "crawl" around the garden. Shoots are directed vertically upwards. Their average height is not more than 2 m, which greatly facilitates the care of the bush and the harvest. In addition, the compactness of the bush allows you to plant a blackberry remontant in large tubs, buckets and other suitable capacity. With the onset of cold weather, they can be moved to a heated greenhouse, to a glazed loggia or veranda, thereby prolonging the fruiting period.
Blackberry repairman gives a big harvest in the year of planting
Of course, the Blackberry Remontrant has some drawbacks:
- The need to regularly water the planting. The repair blackberry very negatively reacts even to a brief drying of the substrate, although its root system goes deeper into the soil than raspberries. You can get a bountiful harvest only if you constantly keep it in a slightly damp state. Throwing at the other extreme, turning the garden into a swamp, is also not strongly recommended.
- The need to build a trellis to support. Since the blackberry remontant is different in yield, and the annual shoots are quite thin, they often fall on the ground under the weight of fruits, and the berries get dirty. Tapestry will avoid this.
- The presence of many sharp spines. But in the end, when collecting, you can use gloves. In addition, the selection does not stand still, and the first varieties of beshipnaya blackberry have already appeared.
- The inability to separate the berries from the receptacle. However, this is a characteristic feature of any blackberry. But the fruit firmly kept on the bush, even fully ripe.
Those who do not live in the garden all the time can use mulch (straw, freshly cut grass, sawdust, humus, peat). It helps not only to retain moisture in the soil, but also save time on weeding.
Bushes of blackberry repair necessarily need a support, for it must provide a place in advance
The practice of growing remontant blackberries among Russian gardeners is still very limited, but the first conclusions have already appeared. The main one is that one of the two waves of fruiting can be sacrificed in favor of greater yields. Anyway, the climate in almost all of Russia (with the exception of the southern regions located in the subtropics) is such that in the fall the berries do not ripen due to the lack of heat and sunlight. Eating blackberries in June in this case will not work, but the second wave because of this will move to the end of summer.
In Russia, only southern regions can be harvested from the Blackberry Remontrant. In other climatic conditions to obtain such a result would be best to plant a bush in the greenhouse.
Therefore, all the shoots of blackberry in preparation for the winter should be cut off, so that next year it is guaranteed to get a bountiful harvest on the young growth. The taste qualities of autumn berries are not worse at all, but there is a real risk that they may fall under the first autumn frosts.
How to land a repair blackberry
Like most horticultural crops, blackberry repairman appreciates warmth. Its deficiency adversely affects the quantity and quality of berries. But even in direct sunlight, the culture does not feel too good. Find her a plot located in light partial shade.
Blackberry repairman is thermophilic, but in direct sunlight feels bad
When planting several bushes at the same time, 0.7–0.8 m should be left between them, and approximately twice as much between rows. Such a long distance is necessary for placing a trellis. Between the bushes, they drive in supports, on which they stretch thin wires or twine parallel to the ground at a height of about 40 cm, 80 cm and 120 cm. Shoots are tied to it. This bush is evenly illuminated by the sun, and the berries get enough heat and ripen faster. On the trellis must be taken care in advance. If you then drive supports between the bushes, it is very easy to damage the roots.
Most varieties of Blackberry Remedy are self-fertile and do not need pollinators for abundant fruiting, but experience shows that cross-pollination has a positive effect on the yield and taste of berries. Therefore, it is advisable to start 2–3 different bushes at once.
Ideal for planting a gentle slope, oriented so that the bushes are protected from the gusts of the cold north and west winds. The best time to disembark is the end of April or the first decade of May. A pit for disembarkation is prepared about a month before the proposed procedure. There is no need to make it very deep, 55–60 cm will be enough. It should be about the same in diameter. The ideal ground for a reparative blackberry is light, not too nutritious (loamy or sandy).
The blackberry root system is more developed than raspberry, so the landing hole for it must be deeper
This culture does not like alkaline soil. Shrubs often suffer from leaf chlorosis. Therefore, it is necessary to find out in advance the acid-base balance and, if necessary, “acidify” the substrate with the help of colloidal sulfur, sphagnum moss, pine needles, fresh sawdust of coniferous trees or acetic acid. The optimal pH value is 6.0–6.6.
Pine needles - a natural remedy that allows you to bring the acid-base balance of the soil back to normal
Remontant blackberry prefers natural organics from fertilizers; therefore, the fertile turf extracted from the planting pit is mixed with 25–40 l of humus or rotted compost and a liter jar of sifted wood ash. All this poured back to the bottom, covering the hole with something waterproof.
Wood ash - a natural source of potassium and phosphorus for future plantings
Seedlings should be purchased only in reputable nurseries or specialty stores. When buying at a fair or with hands, there is no guarantee that you will get exactly the sort that you need, and that it is in general reparative blackberry. It is desirable that the seedling has a closed root system - the plants planted in the ground with a clod of old earth tolerate this “stress” much better. Choose a one or two year old sapling. It consists of one or several branches about 0.5 m high and 4–6 mm thick. Be sure to have a mature growth kidney and a developed fibrous root system (if it can be seen).
The main focus when choosing a sapling of blackberry repairman should be paid to the root system and the state of the bark
The procedure of planting the seedling looks like this:
- Roots of seedlings, if they are open, soak for 20–24 hours in room temperature water or a biostimulant solution (Appin, Heteroauxin, potassium humate). It is also useful to add some potassium permanganate (for disinfection).
- Moderately pour the soil in the planting pit. Let the water soak.
- Place the seedling on the mound of earth at the bottom of the pit. Straighten the roots so that they are directed down and sideways.
- In small portions fill the pit with soil, periodically gently tamping it from the edges of the pit to its middle. Root buds should be 3–4 cm deep in the ground. Eventually, the pit will turn into a shallow (2–3 cm) hollow. Such its configuration helps to save water when watering.
- Wait until moisture is absorbed. Mulch a stem circle with a diameter of 30–40 cm with freshly cut grass, peat chips or humus. Shorten all available shoots by about half to a length of 25–30 cm.
- For 7–10 days you can stretch light covering material over the bushes to provide them with a light shade while they adapt to the new habitat.
After disembarking a blackberry, the main thing is not to overdo it with watering. The soil should be slightly wet.
Good forerunners for blackberries are cabbage, carrots, beets, radishes, spicy herbs and cereals. It is undesirable to plant it where Solanaceae grew (tomatoes, eggplants, potatoes, bell peppers) and any berry bushes.
Important nuances of care for blackberry maintenance
Blackberry is deservedly considered quite demanding culture. But remontant varieties have their advantages, facilitating their care. First of all, it concerns pruning and winterizing.
Since one of the advantages of the Blackberry remontant is its consistently high yield, it quickly “pulls” nutrients out of the ground. Therefore, culture needs regular feeding. In the spring, as soon as the soil thaws sufficiently, the soil is well loosened, making humus, rotted manure (10–15 l per plant) and dry nitrogen fertilizers (15–20 g). This macro helps to increase the green mass, but you should not get carried away. Its excess reduces the immunity of the plant. In this case, the blackberry can become infected with gray mold. In addition, if all the forces of the bush go to the leaves, they simply will not remain on the fruits.
Urea, like other nitrogenous fertilizers, is applied under blackberry bushes only in spring
Potassium is very important for tying the fruit. Appropriate fertilizer is applied after the end of flowering in a dry form or in the form of a solution (per 10 liters of water), consuming 30–35 g per plant. But it is worth remembering that any blackberry does not like chlorine, therefore potassium chloride as a top dressing is categorically excluded.
If dry manure is used as mulch, then the repair blackberry does not need additional sources of phosphorus. Otherwise, once every three years, simultaneously with potassium-containing fertilizer, simple superphosphate is introduced into the soil (40–50 g per bush). Or it can be replaced with wood ash (a glass annually at the same time).
Dry manure - a natural source of phosphorus
Also, the blackberry remontant is sensitive to magnesium and iron deficiency. Do not forget about the appropriate dressings. During the summer, the bushes can be sprayed with a solution of potassium magnesia 2-3 times, and the soil under them with a solution of blue vitriol.
Watering for the blackberry remontant is a very important procedure. It is important to find a "middle ground". With an excess of moisture, the berries become watery and tasteless, the roots rot, and when it is deficient, the growth and development of the bush is inhibited, the fruits are unsweetened and not juicy.
So that the soil does not dry out too quickly, it must be mulched after each watering, waiting for the moisture to absorb, creating a layer at least 5–6 cm thick. Experienced gardeners recommend planting 80–100 cm from the bush in a circle or in between rows any siderata plants, mowing them as necessary and using them as mulch. By the way, it is also a very effective, absolutely natural fertilizer.
Water the plant abundantly, the soil should be soaked with water 50–60 cm deep. The best method is sprinkling, imitating natural rainfall, or drip irrigation, which saves water. If the summer is not too warm, once a week is enough, in the heat, the intervals between treatments are reduced to 3-4 days.
Blackberry repair is very sensitive to soil moisture deficiency.
Preparing for winter for a remontant blackberry is a very simple procedure. All available shoots are cut as close to the ground as possible. Pristvolny circle cleared from weeds and other plant debris and covered with a thick (10–12 cm) layer of mulch.
Cutting reparative blackberries is a very simple procedure, the most important thing is to use sharply sharpened and disinfected tools.
If, after all, it was decided to save the shoots of this season for the next year, they are unhooked from the trellis, tied up in several pieces and bend as close as possible to the ground. All those on which the slightest symptoms are noticeable, similar to the traces of vital activity of harmful insects and microorganisms, are cut to the point of growth and burned. Then the bush is covered with any material that allows air in several layers. As soon as enough snow falls, a snowdrift is about half a meter high. During the winter, it will certainly settle, therefore, 2-3 times the structure will have to be renewed, breaking the surface layer of the hard crust. Practice shows that blackberries ripen rarely enough.
In the fall, blackberry shoots should be bent as low as possible to the ground, but only carefully so as not to break them.
The shelf life of any blackberry, unfortunately, is small. At room temperature, it will lie for a maximum of 3-4 days. Under optimal conditions (temperature 0–2 ºС and air humidity 85–90%) - no more than three weeks. Therefore, it is best to use fresh berries, as well as used for home canning or as a filling for baking.
Unfortunately, any blackberry is stored for a very short time, only 3-4 days without a refrigerator. But this period is enough to make jam from the berries or to bake delicious pies.
Reproduction by layering is a way that takes a minimum of time and effort from a grower. A blackberry repair layer is a part of any escape or it is entirely. With such reproduction, the branch is fixed by attaching it to the ground with a pin or a piece of wire, and this place is covered with fertile earth. If it is watered regularly and abundantly, roots and new shoots will appear quickly. By autumn, the young bush can be completely separated from the mother plant and transplanted to the chosen place.
When breeding by otvodkami only one bush will turn out, but very powerful and developed
The reproduction of blackberry blackberry reproduction is practiced by horizontal layers. In this case, the entire shoot fits into a specially dug shallow (5–6 cm) groove and is covered with earth. He gives a few bushes, but these plants are not as strong and developed as in the first case.
Способ позволяет получить сразу несколько саженцев, подходит для тех, кто выращивает ягоды на продажу
Ремонтантная ежевика обладает уникальной особенностью. Для большинства садовых культур размножение семенами — это своеобразная «лотерея». Непонятно, что получится в итоге, а вероятность сохранения сортовых признаков материнского растения очень мала. К ремонтантной ежевике это не относится, тем не менее, этим способом садоводы-любители используется редко.
Размножение ежевики семенами — достаточно трудоёмкая процедура, а успех не гарантирован (всхожестью они похвастаться не могут)
The fact is that germination seeds do not differ. In order to increase it, experienced gardeners advise to slightly scratch the skin with a scalpel or razor blade (so-called scarification) before planting. Stratification is also practiced - keeping seeds for 7–10 days in the refrigerator.
The seeding of the blackberry with seeds is carried out as follows:
- Remontant blackberry seeds are planted in late winter or early spring. Small boxes are filled with peat chips, coarse river sand or a mixture of them in approximately equal proportions.
- The substrate is moistened with a spray bottle and smoothed, the seeds are buried into it by no more than 6–7 cm.
- As soon as the second true leaf appears on the seedlings (after about 2–2.5 months), they dive in, transferring them to universal containers in a universal soil for seedlings. If the climate allows, you can plant the plants immediately in the garden. Otherwise, in early June, the blackberry will have to transplant again.
The first harvest from the blackberry repair bushes obtained from seeds will have to wait 3-4 years
Harvest will have to wait at least 3-4 years. This is another objective reason for the unpopularity of the method.
Thus, most often reproduce old bushes that need rejuvenation. In the spring, they are dug up, the roots are cleared from the ground and cut into several parts with a sharply sharpened clean knife so that each has at least one growth point. The cuts are covered with wood ash, colloidal sulfur, crushed chalk and activated charcoal. The rest of the rhizome can be discarded.
Blackberry reproduction by dividing the bush is most suitable for old plants
Blackberry Repair Grades in Ukraine
The climate of Ukraine, especially its southern regions, is mild. It most closely resembles the conditions of Arkansas, the birthplace of most blackberry remontant varieties. Therefore, it is quite possible to believe Ukrainian gardeners regarding the description of the culture and what results it shows in growing.
Prime Ark Freedom
First grade of blackberry remontant, completely devoid of thorns, with completely smooth shoots. In free sale appeared in 2013, got to the post-Soviet space in about a year and a half. Like the entire series of varieties Prime (he is the fourth), originally from the USA. In the southern states (first of all, in Arkansas and California) almost immediately began to grow on an industrial scale, since the dense berries were distinguished by good transportability, and the fruiting period lasted from April to October.
Prime Arc Freedom - the first non-bearing variety of blackberry repairman
When growing berries on annual shoots, the crop ripens early enough, at the end of July or in the first decade of August. Fruits are one-dimensional, regular shape, glossy black in color, reaching a weight of 12–16 g and a length of 4–4.5 cm. If there are two waves of fruiting, the berries are reduced to 9–10 g. sour. The yield is high - up to 50 berries in each flower brush (6–8 kg from a bush).
With proper care, Prime Arch Freedom rarely suffers from diseases, but individual gardener's mistakes can trigger the development of anthracnose. Another disadvantage is relatively low frost resistance (down to -15 ºС). In central Russia, this variety will not survive (unless it is grown in a greenhouse), but it is quite suitable for the mild climate of the south of Ukraine. At the same time, that for blackberry is very atypical, the variety is relatively insensitive to drought.
Prime Ark Traveler
Fifth grade (and second non-stud) from the same series - another development of the agricultural department of the University of Arkansas. Patented in 2016. It was bred specifically for cultivation on an industrial scale, but no one forbids planting it on personal plots.
Blackberry Prime Arc Treveler - a very promising variety for cultivation on an industrial scale
It has a medium size (7–9 g) and a presentable appearance of elongated berries. There are practically no “doubled” fruits. It matures in the second decade of July. The taste is very sweet, the berries are dense, but juicy, spread an amazing aroma. Well tolerated transportation, including over long distances, retain flavor and shape after defrosting. Harvest - 3-4 kg from a bush.
The plant is very hardy, rarely suffers from anthracnose and rust. Flower buds have good frost resistance, but this does not apply to shoots. The quality of the berries in the first and second waves of fruiting does not change, but autumn fruits are more sensitive to heat and drought. If the temperature is 30 ºС and higher for a long time, the bushes do not bloom so actively, the berries become shorter, their taste worsens.
Blackberries come from the United States, and specifically from Maryland. Old enough, bred in 1966, bearingless variety is not remontant in the full sense of the word, but in optimal climatic conditions it can produce two harvests per year.
Blackberry Tornfri - an old variety, still not lost in popularity, can produce fruit twice a year in optimal conditions.
The variety is still the benchmark of taste. Berries weighing about 5 g, one-dimensional, oval. As the ripening of the purple becomes almost black, the flesh greatly loses in density. The characteristic taste and aroma of the fruit gets only fully ripened. Therefore, it is quite difficult for a novice gardener to understand when to pick berries.
The unripe blackberries of the Tornfrey variety are sour and devoid of flavor, and the overripe ones are unpleasantly soft, freshly sweet.
The main crop ripens in mid-August. It is very abundant - 20–25 kg from a bush (about 100 berries from a shoot). The branches under the weight of the fruit hang almost to the ground. If the climate is suitable, second fruiting is possible somewhere in the second decade of October. Winter hardiness at -16–18 ºС.
Blackberry Tornfrey rarely suffers from diseases, but is sensitive to heat, even sunburn is possible. A significant disadvantage of this variety is vigorously (shoots reach a height of 3–3.5 m). A very beautiful flowering shrub - flowers pale pink, 3-4 cm in diameter.
Black Magic (Black Magic), aka Black Magic
One of the best varieties of blackberry repair. Bred in 2001 at the University of Oregon. Thorns are present, but in small quantities and only at the base of the shoots. Heat and drought do not affect the formation of fruit ovaries. Shoots reach a height of 2.5 m or more, so for this variety must have a support. The ovaries are very powerful, so those that are left for the winter, it is quite difficult to bend down to the ground. It blooms before most varieties - at the end of April. Resistant to rust, but often affected by anthracnose. Frost resistance - at the level of -12–15 ºС.
The taste of blackberry Black Magic even by professionals is rated very high
The first harvest is removed in mid-June, the second - towards the end of August. Berries are large (11–12 g), inky purple. The taste is sweet, but without cloying, very balanced, the flesh is dense, fragrant. Professional tasters of the Black Magic variety are rated very high - 4.6 points out of five. The shape is correct, resembles an elongated cone. Blackberry tolerates transportation.
The period of fruiting when growing berries only on annual shoots stretches for 45-50 days. When it gets colder outside, the berries get a slightly sour taste (like about black currant), but this does not make them any less tasty. The average yield - 5-6 kg per bush.
Prime Jan (Prime Jan)
The earliest variety of blackberry repair. Received the name in honor of Dr. Moore's wife, Janita. Shoots reach a height of 2 m or more, and therefore need support. One of the main advantages of the variety is cold resistance. Prime Yang survives where other types of blackberry cannot exist.
Prime Yan is the most cold-resistant of the blackberry remans grades, which means it is suitable for the climatic conditions of Russia
Berries have an interesting aftertaste: they resemble cherries to someone, and an apple to others. The average fruit weight is 7–9 g. The first harvest wave is in the middle of June, the second - at the end of summer.
Blackberry Repairman - a new culture in Russia, but surely gaining popularity. It is valued mainly for its high productivity, the duration of fruiting, no need to bother with the preparation for winter and the extreme simplicity of the pruning procedure. The practice of growing it in Russian gardeners is not too extensive. However, most varieties are very promising, including for cultivation in Russia.
Blackberries among Russians are less popular than raspberries. But anyway, she has her fans too. Blackberry fruits are incredibly useful, they can safely have even diabetics. If we talk about which variety is better to plant, then the region where cultivation is expected is of great importance, as well as taste preferences. Consider the best varieties of blackberry for the suburbs.
What is cumanica and rosyanika?
The Moscow region (and more northern) prefers frost-resistant varieties with juicy, not very large berries, which are represented by upright plants up to three meters high with drooping crown. This is cumanica. There is a great similarity between cumanic and raspberry. This group includes such varieties as Eldorado, Kittatinni, Lauton, Erie, Darrow.
But in more southern areas, where winters are not so cold, creeping varieties, which are united by one name - rosyanika, take root better. The rosanyan can grow up to six meters in length, its fruits are much larger than those of the cumanika.
Frost-resistant blackberry varieties for the Moscow region
This is how Cumanica bushes look. Although they are erect, it is better to tie them on the support
To frost-resistant varieties include:
- Agave - one of the best varieties for the Middle Band, perfectly tolerates even forty degrees of frost without shelter, however, with the loss of a small part of the fruit buds. The plant is powerful, tall, so bend it over the winter is not possible, prickly, but unpretentious. As a proof of unpretentiousness - it continues to grow and even successfully bears fruit on a long-abandoned plot. About four kilograms of black fragrant sweet-sour berries, each weighing at least five grams, can be removed from one bush. And if you competently care for this variety, feeding it in time and, not sparing, cut off, then the yield will be at least five kilograms, and the weight of one berry will reach ten grams.
- Darrow - winter hardiness is high, it bears a 35-degree frost without problems. Plant with a powerful, high trunk and thorny thorns. Productivity is good, the weight of one berry is about 4 grams.
- Wilson Airlie - tolerates winter cold, is considered one of the earliest, the ripening of berries begins in July. It has good disease resistance. The plant is tall with straight shoots drooping to the ground, because of this it is necessary to tie them to the trellis. Black and purple berries are not very large, only about two grams, in shape resemble an egg.
Bearing varieties of blackberries for the Moscow region
So look bushes rosyaniki. Their long lashes must be tied up on the trellis
Blackberries in the wild are impassable thorny bushes. At the mention of the shrub is such a picture arises in the imagination. And precisely because of these qualities, many gardeners do not have a desire to plant this plant in their area. But time does not stand still, breeders are working conscientiously, and blackberry varieties have already appeared with absolutely no thorns, to the delight of lovers of this tasty and healthy berry. Such varieties, of course, are gaining enormous popularity, since they do not cause much trouble when harvesting and caring for plants. Usually these bushes have a strong root system. They calmly relate to the lack of water.
The most famous beshipnyh varieties include:
- Tornfree – first American bshipy variety that appeared in Russia. Of the kind of large-fruited deer, if not cut, it can reach five meters in length. A plant with large, fragrant, very sweet (without a hint of acid) berries weighing up to six to seven grams and a length of up to four centimeters. Fruits become soft when fully ripe, so they have a small shelf life. In the climate near Moscow, this variety requires a mandatory winter shelter. Usually shoots are pressed to the ground and covered with soil or mulch, which in winter will cover the snowdrift.
- Black Satin– crossed several varieties (including Tornfrey) and it turned out to be beshipy Black Satin. When it begins to grow, it looks erect, and later the shoots become drooping and, if they are not cut, grow to 4.5-5 m. A plant with sour-sweet large berries (up to 8 g) does not matter tolerate frosts, therefore it should cover for the winter.
- Apaches are an excellent, dusky variety of medium ripening (from about July) with black, sweet, large (up to 10 g) berries. For blackberries in this class is characterized by very high yield, frost resistance and disease resistance.
This group of blackberries also includes varieties such as Lough Tei, Boysenberry, Orkan, Dirksen, Smutsen, Chester.
Thornfrey varieties, Black Satin are great for making hedges
Blackberry repair varieties for the Moscow region
Low compact blackberry repair bushes still need a garter to the trellis, when it begins to ripen the crop. The main feature of this variety - a plant for one season gives two harvests. One - in June, it is harvested from last year's shoots, the other - in August, the berries ripen on the current shoots, the harvest is much greater than the first. In the case of full pruning of the shoots for the winter, two harvests will not work, since there will be no last year’s branches, there will be one, but which one! The best blackberry repair varieties: Prime Yan, Prime Arc 45, Black Magic, Prime Jim.
The most famous and most fruitful of the remanufacturing blackberry is Ruben. It refers to the erect blackberry. Shrubs with thick durable shoots up to two meters high bear very large berries (up to 14 grams). This variety is famous for its resistance to disease and frost. Does not show special requirements to the ground, the garter is not needed. Last year's shoots give harvest in June, the current shoots bear fruit from late August to late autumn.
Tip # 1. If, after fruiting, completely cut all the bushes to the ground, they will safely winter, covered with snow drifts, and in the spring the root system will throw out many new young shoots, which will give only one crop, but very high.
★ The best varieties of blackberry ripening
There are three groups of varieties of ripening blackberry:
- Early. The ripening time of the earliest blackberry is the beginning of summer, June. The berries of these varieties are quite juicy, but not sweet enough, one might even say, sour and not have the proper flavor. But then - this is one of the first berries of the season. The most popular among the early and mid-early varieties include Natchez, Helen, Lough Tei, Arpajo, Asterina, Agaveam, Columbia Star, Karaka Black.
- Medium and medium late. They take the baton from the early ripe blackberry, continuing the harvest period from about mid-July. Harvest these varieties give a more amicable, and the juice from the berries turns out to be more dense and saturated. The most popular varieties: Triple Crown, Bristol, Auchita, Jumbo, Marion, Loch Ness, Black Satin, Lawton, Chachansk Bestrna.
- Late. Mid-August - ripening harvest on late blackberries. Berries go in preservation or on juice. The most popular varieties: Navajo, Chester Thornless, Texas, Chokeberry.
Well-Known Blackberry Varieties
These varieties include Tornfrey, which appeared more than fifty years ago. Of course, it has a number of advantages: lack of strength, which means ease of cultivation, good yield, early ripening, unpretentiousness, winter hardiness, etc. In the industrial cultivation of blackberry - this is one of the best varieties.
Older blackberry varieties are prized because of their long-standing acclimatization. But after all, there are many new varieties, sometimes even superior to the old ones in their qualities, which are grown in local nurseries. Such varieties are better adapted to the climatic conditions of the growing region, tolerate transplantation better, as a result of which they begin to bear fruit faster. To the time-tested varieties can be attributed to the blackberry Agave, which was described above.
The newest varieties of blackberry
One of the most large-fruited varieties of blackberry Kara Black. Due to its appearance and good transportability, it is of commercial interest.
Breeders around the world are making truly leaps and bounds in the development of new varieties. If before the new items appeared mainly in America, now other countries are pleased with new kinds of blackberry.
For example, the Karak Black variety came to the world from New Zealand. This variety can rightly be called an ordinary miracle and the most promising of the newest varieties. Cara Black is a super early variety, and the berries ripen and ripen on bushes until late autumn. They are just huge! The weight of one berry reaches 30 grams! For taste, you can put "excellent", sweet and very juicy. Despite their succulence, have good transportability, respectively, are of commercial interest. Очень хорошо переносит засуху, невосприимчив к любым заболеваниям. Куст довольно компактный, с небольшими (до 3 м) плетями, с немногочисленными шипами. Единственный недостаток – плохо переносит морозы. Но если правильно укрыть плети, которые отлично гнутся и не ломаются, то проблем с зимовкой не будет.
Но самые огромные плоды имеет сорт Натчез – новый селекционный продукт, выведенный в штате Арканзас. Бесшипный куст полустоячей формы очень удобно укладывать для зимнего укрытия в траншею. Ягоды достигают 4 см в длину, созревают в конце июня. The taste is excellent, even not reaching maturity, the fruit is still sweet with a pleasant cherry flavor. Very well tolerated transportation, and if you add super early maturation here, then commercial interest is evident.
The most popular varieties from this group are: Lucretia, Thornfrey, Eldorado, Erie, Izobilnaya, Agavam, Smustem, Boyzen, Chokeberry, Texas.
How to prepare the ground for blackberries in the Moscow region?
The ground for planting blackberries should be prepared. The lightness of the soil and good drainage are the main indicators, as the stagnation of water in the ground is not for blackberries. Cumanica prefers loamy or sandy soil. Rossiani has less requirements for the soil - even heavier soils will be suitable, so long as they are fertile. In any case, if the earth lacks the necessary substances, this, of course, will affect the taste of the berries. For example, a lack of potassium will entail an excess acid of the fruit and their insufficient juiciness.
The soil under the blackberry requires fertilization at least once a year, it is usually done when the blackberry begins to bloom. The correct fertilizer will give the plants vitality and increase yield. But overdoing with dressing is also impossible - excessive food will negatively affect the blackberry.
Tip # 2. It requires regular loosening of the soil, removal of weeds, periodic watering. In general, everything is as usual.
Answers to frequently asked questions about blackberries
So ideally looks like a blackberry prepared for wintering. It remains only to cover
Question number 1. How to water the blackberry?
Despite the fact that the blackberry does not like the stagnation of water in the soil, it should be watered abundantly when the fruit is tied and the ripening period begins. The lack of water will lead to the shredding of berries, they do not gain the necessary juiciness and sweetness.
Question number 2. Can I put a blackberry near the fence, will it have enough sun?
Indeed, for the climate of the Moscow region sunshine is an urgent problem. But the fence here, in principle, nothing to do with. On the contrary, there are advantages: landing along the fence, firstly, eliminates the need to make a trellis, and secondly, will serve as a hedge.
Mistakes gardeners when growing blackberries in the suburbs
Blackberry is a heat-loving plant, it is not so easy for her in the Moscow region climate. I don’t really need to help her in particular; the main thing is not to interfere, and not to make mistakes in the care, namely:
- Watering with ice water. Well or tap water is absolutely not suitable for watering blackberries. In principle, not the water itself, but its temperature. Do not use too cold water, let it be rain water or heated for the day in a barrel.
- Burns berries sunshine due to lack of shelter. If you don’t be lazy and apply a blackberry field when the berries ripen on it, you can avoid sunburns of tender fruits and preserve their presentation and quality. This will help stretched along the bushes pritenyayuschaya grid, for example.
- Forcibly bending down thick stems for shelter for the winter. This can lead to obliteration of branches and the destruction of the bush. Do not bend down by force. But how to protect them from frost in the climate near Moscow? All last summer month you need to hang some heavy object on the crown of the shoots. The branches themselves will bend under his weight. It will only cover.
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In recent years, more and more gardeners are starting to plant blackberries on their plots. Despite the fact that this culture is relatively new for us, nurseries offer a large selection of seedlings. The choice is so big that it is easy for an unprepared person to get confused. To prevent this from happening, we will now try to understand what sort of blackberry varieties are and what is the difference between them.
On this page, the most promising and sought-after varieties of this plant are selected, with a description of each variety, photos and brief recommendations for planting.
Depending on the structure of the bush, these plants are conventionally divided into:
- Cumanica - more like raspberries. The stalks of old varieties are prickly, grow upwards and require support. They reproduce, as does raspberry, with root suckers. Winter hardiness is high, but most still need shelter for the winter.
- Rossianics look like wild blackberries with long creeping shoots. There are varieties with thorny shoots, and there are no thorns at all. It is also grown on the trellis. Propagated by dropping shoots. The yield is higher and the taste of the berries is usually better than that of the cumanika. Frost resistance is low, it is necessary to cover for the winter.
Blackberries, like raspberries, have a two-year development cycle: in the first year, shoots grow, plant fruit buds, fruit next year and cut them out after harvest. The exceptions are blackberry remontant varieties that bear fruit on both young and last year's shoots.
In most parts of our country, winters are quite harsh and, therefore, most gardeners are interested in cold-resistant plants. Thornless varieties and blackberry remontant varieties are in great demand. They all have their pros and cons.
Blackberry variety Agaveam
Agave - Old and very cold-resistant blackberry variety. He even entered into the State Register of varieties recommended for cultivation in the Russian Federation. It can be grown not only in the suburbs, but also in Siberia.
- Productivity 3 - 6 kg. sometimes up to 10 kg. from one bush
- The mass of berries 3 - 5 grams, sweet taste, ripen in July - August.
- Fruiting lasts at least 15 years
- Shoots are upright, powerful, stiff with sharp spines, 2.5 - 3 meters high
- Withstands temperatures down to -40º, no shelter for the winter is required
Grade advantages: beautiful flowering, stable fruiting, no need to shelter for the winter, drought-resistant and shade-tolerant, grows on any soil and is generally very unpretentious.
Disadvantages: prickly shoots give a lot of inconvenience, gives a lot of shoots.
In the south, Agaves can be grown in the shade and in the sun. In the northern regions of the berries in the shade may not have time to ripen, therefore, recommended planting in the sun. When planting, the root neck is sunk a few centimeters. The distance between the bushes is 1 meter, between the rows 1.8 - 2 meters. The shoots, though strong, are better to tie them to the trellis with a fan.
Reviews - very contradictory. There are ardent supporters of this variety, but there are also ardent opponents who complain that Agavam has overgrown the whole vegetable garden.
Polar - frost-resistant, studless, early, large-fruited garden blackberry of the Polish selection.
- Productivity 5 - 6 kg. berries from each bush (during the winter without shelter)
- The berries are very large 10 - 12 g. Sweet, in the southern regions begin to sing in early July.
- Withstands cold to -30 º cover is not necessary. But most gardeners say that if the bushes are covered for the winter, the yield increases several times. From this it follows that the fruit buds still freeze slightly and the shelter will be completely superfluous.
- Stems erect up to 2.5 m, strong, without thorns. When bent down to the ground may break. To facilitate the task of starting to tilt shoots must be in advance, until they woody.
Grade advantages: frost resistance, large and tasty berries, shoots without thorns, disease resistance, early ripening of the crop, good transportability.
Disadvantages: perhaps only one - it is difficult to bend the shoots to the ground for the winter.
Prefers to grow in the sun, on drained loamy soils. Dislikes raw, overwet places.
Reviews: only positive.
Unfortunately, the choice of frost-resistant varieties of blackberry is not great. Only Aghavam and Polar can winter without shelter, but even Polar is better to cover for the winter. All other varieties of this plant require mandatory shelter.
New Bearing Blackberry Sorts
Nowadays, surprisingly high-yielding varieties of cumaníks and rosyaniki appeared on the market. From one bush you can collect 2 - 3 buckets of healthy and tasty berries. The mass of these berries is so great that buyers in the market refuse to take them, thinking that they are stuffed with all sorts of chemicals. After reading the description of these varieties, you will understand that this is not an exaggeration.
Natchez - early ripe, very large-fruited, bearingless blackberry variety.
- Productivity to 20 kg from each bush
- The berries are very large, weighing 10 - 12 grams. sweet taste, begin to sing in June. Fruiting lasts 35 - 40 days
- Shrubs semi-upright type, shoots up to three meters long.
- For the winter, an agrofibre shelter is required, which is removed only after the soil thaws and the buds swell. If the bush is opened earlier, then a shoot of the shoots may occur and the plant will die. This rule applies to other varieties of blackberry.
- When planting, maintain the distance between bushes 3 and 2 meters between rows.
Advantages: high yield, large-fruited, early ripening, good keeping quality and transportability of berries, prolonged fruiting
Disadvantages: low winter hardiness, a small number of replacement shoots.
Reviews: the reviews are very good, a little controversy revolved around Natchez's taste. The fruits of this sort of blackberry have a sweet taste, but there is a slight bitterness in it, one does not like it, others believe that it is the bitterness that gives such a unique and exquisite taste to these berries, and many have not felt bitterness at all.
Ouchita - besshupny, large-fruited blackberries of early ripening
- The claimed yield of this variety reaches 30 kg. from each bush
- Berries large 6 - 7 gr. and with a very original taste, begin to ripen in June. Fruiting stretched and lasts almost two months.
- Bushes are erect, shoots grow up to 2.5 - 3 meters. Grown on the trellis, usually with three rows of wire.
- For winter, the plant must be covered.
- When planting in the bush way, the distance between blackberry seedlings is 1.5 - 2 meters.
Advantages: a very long ripening period, amazing yield, resistance to diseases, berries with original taste do not lose their marketable qualities for a long time.
Disadvantages: weak frost resistance -17º, the need to bend down rather thick shoots.
The proposed video is in English, but it clearly shows what kind of crop can be harvested from this plant. By the way, Ouachita, Auchita, Ouchita and Washita are the names of the same total variety, the description of which you have just read.
Reviews positive - the variety is easy to grow, not capricious. Farmers like the combination of high yields and moderately large berries with excellent taste.
Chester is an old, well-known, studless, large-fruited blackberry variety of late ripening
- The stated yield of 15 - 20 kg. from each bush
- Berries are sweet with a slight acidity, weighing from 5 to 8 grams, ripen in late July or early August.
- The plant has a semi-peeling bush shape. On fruiting leave no more than 5 - 6 shoots that grow 2 - 3 meters long.
- Despite the frost resistance to -26 º C, shelter is required for the winter period.
- When planting it is necessary to maintain the distance between the bushes 2 - 2.5 meters.
Advantages: high frost resistance, lack of prickly thorns, excellent yield, good transportability of berries, the variety is resistant to major diseases and pests.
Disadvantages: despite good frost resistance, winter shelter is required. Poses shading and landing in damp lowlands.
Reviews: only positive, many consider Chester the best brand in their collection and assign the best places for it.
Black satin - as well as Chester, a rather old variety of besshupnaya garden blackberry, the average term of maturation.
- The average yield is 10–15 kg, and with high agricultural technology up to 20–25 kg.
- Berries weighing about 5 grams, collected in large brushes. Taste from sweet - sour to sweet, ripen in the middle - end of July.
- Shrubs semi-vegetation. Stems hard, long to 5 meters. It is recommended that young shoots be immediately pressed to the ground and grown in an inclined position, then it will be easier to shelter for the winter.
- Frost resistance is 22º C and winter shelter is required in most regions.
- For cultivation will require a trellis height of about two meters.
Grade advantages: lack of prickly thorns, high yield, unpretentiousness, resistance to diseases.
Disadvantages: the need every year to shelter for the winter, tough shoots that often break when bending down to the ground, poor transportability of berries.
Reviews: generally positive, generous, unpretentious variety, winters well under shelter. But the berries quickly perespevayut, you can not be late with the collection. For commercial purposes, not the best option.
Loch tey - large-fruited, not prickly blackberry of average term of maturing.
- The stated yield is 10 - 12 kg. from every bush. Most gardeners claim that this is the case.
- Berries are large, weighing about 5 grams. The taste is sweet and sour, ripen in mid-July.
- Loch Tey is semi-vegetative bush. Shoots vigorous, elastic, up to 5 meters long, requiring trellis.
- The cold resistance of this blackberry variety is 20º C. It’s not enough for our country, we have to cover for the winter.
- When planting, the distance between the bushes is at least 2 m.
- Propagated by dropping tops of replacement shoots.
Advantages: good yield, lack of prickly thorns, great taste of berries and excellent transportability.
Disadvantages: the need every year to shelter the plant for the winter.
Reviews: According to most gardeners, the Loch Tey is one of the best varieties of garden blackberries.
Kiov - Blackberries with the largest berries. Unfortunately, this variety has sharp thorns, but it is included in the description due to its exceptional large-fruitedness.
- Kiov's productivity exceeds 30 kg. berries from one bush.
- Huge berries weigh 20-25 grams. Begin to sing at the end of July.
- The bush is upright, the height of the shoots is 1.6 - 2 meters, they require support.
- This blackberry without loss tolerates frosts up to - 23 degrees. Without shelter can winter only in the southern regions.
Advantages: very fruitful variety, surprisingly large and tasty berries, good transportability, the ability to surprise neighbors.
Disadvantages: the presence of sharp thorns, the need to annually cover the bushes for the winter.
All reviews something like this: when I hide bushes for the winter, I swear that I suffer with these thorns the last time, and when I start harvesting, I understand - this blackberry will always grow with me.
Columbia Star - A new, little-known, studless blackberry variety of early ripening.
- According to the manufacturer, Columbia Star will be one of the most productive varieties (16750 kg / ha)
- Berries of the same size, elongated, weighing 10 - 15 grams, begin to ripen in late June - early July.
- The bushes are creeping type, shoots are 4-5 meters long, without thorns.
- Winter hardiness of Columbia is low - 14 degrees, winter shelter is necessary.
Advantages: tasty, large berries keep their appearance for a long time, high yield, rather soft and without thorns shoots are easy to press to the ground for winter shelter. Variety easily tolerates heat and drought.
Disadvantages: long shoots, with many lateral processes, it is difficult to unravel when removed from the support.
Reviews: gardeners who managed to plant Columbia have not yet been able to fully appreciate this variety, but the high palatability of the berries is noted by all. Many consider it the most promising new product.
Chachanska Bestrna - high-yielding, non-shingless blackberry variety of early ripening.
- Productivity 12 - 15 kg. berries from one bush.
- Berries are sweet and sour weighing 9 - 14 grams, begin to ripen in early July.
- Bushes are half-creeping, powerful shoots without thorns, grow up to 3 - 3.5 meters. Requires a garter to the supports.
- The frost resistance of the variety is relatively high -26º, but you still have to cover.
The video is unfortunately not of high quality, but this is all that was found:
Advantages: high yield, drought resistance, unpretentiousness, immunity to major diseases.
Disadvantages: poor transportability, ripe berries every other day begin to flow. True for amateur gardening this flaw is not very important.
Reviews: All reviews are good, this variety has worked well in the southern and northern regions.
Doyle (Doyle) - one of the best varieties of besshipnaya blackberry. He claims to be the most productive variety.
- Doyle's documented yield is 5 - 7 buckets of berries from one bush.
- Berries sour - sweet, weighing 7 - 9 gr. Maturation later - mid-August.
- Semi-shrubs with long, up to 5 - 6 m. Shoots, spikes absent. Trellises needed for growing
- For the winter you need to cover.
Advantages: amazing yield, easily tolerates heat and drought.
Disadvantages: This blackberry is more suitable for the southern regions, in the northern regions it may not have time to mature.
Reviews: there are very few reviews, in Russia this variety has been cultivated for only a few years.
Waldo (Waldo) - old and proven, bearingless, creeping variety of blackberry mid-term ripening.
- The authors of the variety promise a yield of 15-17 kg. berries from one bush.
- Berries weighing 6 - 8 gr. have a pleasant taste and aroma, begin to sing in the first decade of July.
- Creeping bushes, compact. The length of the shoots does not exceed 2 meters, but the support is needed.
- Winter hardiness is average; winter shelter is obligatory for this blackberry.
Advantages: no spikes, easy to cover for the winter, ideal for small areas.
Disadvantages: in hot weather, berries can be baked.
Loch Ness ‘Loch Ness’
Loch Ness (Loch Ness) - ballless, very fruitful blackberry, medium maturity.
- The yield of this variety can reach 25 kg. from every bush.
- Berries are sweet, sour, similar to the taste of wild blackberry 5 - 8 gr. Begin to ripen in late July.
- Bushes near Loch Ness are vigorous, half-living. Stems up to 4 meters long, need support.
- Winter hardiness for our climate is not high enough, the bushes in the winter have to cover.
- When planting, the distance between the bushes is at least 2 meters.
Advantages: productivity is consistently high, unpretentious in care, multiplies quickly and easily, suitable for commercial use.
Disadvantages: matures late, the taste becomes sourish in a rainy summer.
Reviews: definitely good - with minimal care is always a great harvest.
Oregon Thornless (Oregon Thornless)
Oregon Thornless (Oregon Thornless) - Besshipnaya, creeping blackberries late maturity.
- The yield is average, about 10 kg. berries from each bush.
- Berries are sweet and sour, large, weighing 7–9 grams, ripen in August.
- The plant forms creeping type of bushes, with up to 4 meters long studs. Growing requires trellis.
- Oregon can withstand temperatures as low as -29 degrees, which is not enough for the middle lane and can not do without shelter.
Grade advantages: excellent taste, lack of prickly thorns, it is easy to cover for the winter, decorative plants allows you to use it for decorating gazebos, arches and other buildings.
Reviews: "I have this variety in pets - the most trouble-free - it winters beautifully (under cover), replacement shoots appear immediately, almost simultaneously with the beginning of the growth of fruit shoots, the size of the berry with sufficient watering is really large, sweet taste, very fruitful."
Osage - Bearless blackberry with perfect taste. This variety is considered the most delicious of all varieties of blackberry.
- The yield is relatively low 3 kg. berries from each bush.
- Berries with a perfectly balanced taste and a mass of 6 - 7 gr. begin to sing in the first decade of July.
- Bushes are upright, shoots without thorns, about 2 meters high.
- Frost resistance is low, only -13 º, cover is required.
Advantages: exquisite, dessert taste, the sweetest of all sorts of blackberry, never fills edge.
Disadvantages: low winter hardiness and relatively low productivity.
Description of blackberry repair varieties
Blackberry repairing varieties can be grown for one crop or two. In the first case, all the shoots in the fall are cut out at the root and an absolutely empty bed goes into the winter. In spring, young shoots start growing from the roots at the end of August and berries start to sing on them.
To get two full-fledged harvests the following year, only last year's shoots are cut out in the fall, while the young ones bend down to the ground, cover and start up in the winter. In June of the following year, the berries begin to sing on these shoots. At the end of July, having collected the entire harvest, these shoots are cut. And at the end of August, young growth begins to bear fruit, which has grown over the summer. Thus you enjoy blackberry almost the entire summer season.
Unfortunately, all this pleasure is available only to residents of the southern regions. In the northern regions, blackberry remontant varieties do not justify themselves. There are cases when some of the berries die from frost. The first harvest (partially or completely) may die in the flowering stage due to return frost. The second will begin to sing only at the end of August, and even at the beginning of September. Berries just do not have time to ripen and part of the crop goes under the snow.
Prime Arch Freedom (Prime-Ark Freedom) - bearingless, remontant grade of blackberry.
- The authors of the variety promise high yields. Brand new and exact numbers yet.
- The berries are sweet, large, weighing 15 - 20 grams, the first harvest begins to sing from mid-June, and the second in the third decade of August.
- Erect bushes, sredneroslye, stems without thorns about 2 meters high.
- Shelter is required for the winter.
- Propagated by root shoots and grafting.
Advantages: high productivity, excellent quality of fruits and excellent taste, the ability to receive products throughout the summer.
Disadvantages: low winter hardiness, the variety is recommended only for the southern regions, the need to bend down and cover shoots for the winter.
Photo taken from the forum: Black Magic (Black Magic)
Black Magic (Black Magic) - blackberry repair grade (spikes with stems)
- Productivity from 5 kg. from one bush.
- The berries are sweet, weighing an average of 7 - 10 grams. The ripening period is the end of June the first harvest and the last decade of August the second harvest.
- Shoots strong height of about 1, 5 meters, relatively few thorns.
- Winter hardiness -12º weak, winter shelter required.
Advantages: This variety is best adapted to the climatic conditions of our country. Excellent fruit quality, high productivity, tolerates heat and drought.
Disadvantages: prickly shoots, low frost resistance, hard shoots difficult to press to the ground.