Tigridia is amazingly beautiful.
In the garden, she looks not only unusual, but also very happy - thanks to the clean, bright, cheerful tones of the petals. It received its unusual name due to the characteristic spotted color of the center of the flower. More than a dozen natural species of tigridia are known, including those with bell-shaped flowers, and those resembling iris (this is not surprising, because tigridia from the iris family), but only grown in garden crops peacock tigridia, or pavonia.
It is named after the Spanish doctor Joseph Pavon, who described it in the 18th century. many medicinal plants of Central and South America. Among them was tigridia, which the Aztecs used for medicinal purposes. And the first European colonizers of America considered tigridia to be the original local tulip.
Despite its subtropical origin and exotic beauty, this unpretentious bulbous bulbous perennial has taken root in our latitudes. Modern gardeners compare tigridia flowers with large exotic butterflies. They grow it about the same as the gladiolus, which is familiar to all florists. And in order for tigridia to bring as much joy as possible, it is worth considering some of the nuances of its cultivation.
The secret of long flowering tigriidiya
In tigridia, both buds and cup-shaped flowers are large. Typically, the diameter of its open “tulip” is 10–12 cm, but sometimes it reaches 15 cm. The flowers of the tigridia bloom for only one day, after 8–10 hours of life they fade. But since there can be up to five flowers on the peduncle, and the peduncles with an adult corm with good gives 3-6 care, flowering of each plant lasts 15-20 days.
Tigridia flowers bloom at the end of July - August. If you plant a group of several dozen of its corms, flowering can be extended until autumn. So. in a group of 15-20 strong plants, 5-7 flowers bloom daily for 5-6 weeks, which give a bright decorative spot in the garden. The pharynx of a tigridia flower is always spotty, and the three outer bent petals can be red, brick, yellow, orange, white, purple or crimson.
More than a dozen natural species of tigridia are known, but only one is grown in horticultural crops - peacock tigridia (Tigridia pavonia), whose peduncles, surrounded by beautiful xiphoidal leaves, rise to a height of 45-60 cm, and in some varieties even higher. There are many hybrid varieties of tigridia, they differ in color and size of flowers. Cullets of varieties are the most common on sale Alba - the color of the flowers is white with red spots, Aurea - yellow with red-brown spots, Lilacea - purple-crimson with darker spots, Rosalind - pink, Speciosa red with golden yellow and red spots.
The corms of tigridia of irregular shape, up to 6 cm long and 3 4 cm in diameter, are covered with dark brown membranous scales. The roots are fleshy, die off at the end of the growing season.
Conditions for success - warmth, care and good nutrition.
Tigridia is a heat-loving plant, therefore it is given a sunny, warm place, protected from the wind, especially from the north. This may be a flower garden, mixborder, rock garden, ridge along the path, terrace or pond, as well as a container near the house or gazebo. However, among other bright plants that bloom with the tigridia, it will lose half of its charm, this should be taken into account when arranging a flower garden. The most spectacular tigridia look on the background of conifers, near a group of large stones or one boulder) on the lawn, as well as among low ground cover plants.
When grown in containers, spectacular neighbors for catchy tigridia will be blue-violet lobelia and heliotrope, as well as white and blue nimerbergia.
Tigridia is very fond of bumblebees and butterflies, collecting their food in its spacious bowls.
The soil for tigridia needs loose (so that the roots get enough oxygen, and the water does not stagnate), fertile, with a neutral acid reaction. Tigridia grows very well on black soil, but loam or organic fertilized sandy loam is also suitable. But the heavy acidic soil and the close location of groundwater is not for her.
Place under the tigridia best cook in the fall. Dig up the soil on the spade bayonet, at the same time filling it with manure or humus (6-10 kg / mg). Weakly acidic soils are usually neutralized with chalk, lime or dolomite flour.
Corms of tigridia are planted in spring, in late April - early May, when the threat of frost has passed. Planting depth - 10-12 cm, small baby planted to a depth of 3-5 cm. The distance between the corms - 15-20 cm. In the landing holes, you can add a handful of ash, mixing it with the ground. Sprouts appear after about four weeks. For earlier flowering, it is planted in early April in pots (3-4 corms in a 12-centimeter pot) and grown in a greenhouse or at home in a warm place. At first, the soil in the pots is moistened moderately, and after the sprout appears more abundant.
Podroschennye plants recommend planting in the garden in early June, the same nests as they grew in a pot, trying not to destroy the earth com. Some flower growers say that sprouted tigridia have weaker stems, so they have to be tied up.
In dry weather, tigridia requires frequent and heavy irrigation. The most important element of her care is loosening the soil at least once every two weeks, preferably after watering. Top dressing is best done in a liquid form after watering or rain.
The first top dressing (15-20 g of ammonium nitrate per 1 m 2) is given in early summer when tigridia is actively growing. With the second feeding, which is carried out in the phase of 5-6 leaves, 10 g of potassium chloride per 1 m 2 is added to the same dose of ammonium nitrate. During the budding period, 15 g of ammonium nitrate, 30 g of superphosphate and 10 g of potassium chloride per 1 m 2 are taken for fertilizing. And at the beginning of flowering, 30 g of superphosphate and 10 g of potassium chloride per 1 m 2 are introduced. After flowering, watering gradually reduce and stop loosening.
With good care for tigridia in September, the seeds ripen in it, which can be used to propagate the plant.
Usually, corms are dug up in the first decade of October. At the plant, the leaves are immediately cut and the tubers are dried at a temperature of 17-18 ° C for a month. Then they are cleaned from the remnants of the roots, pickled in a fungicide (for example, foundationol), dried, laid in a parchment or paper bag with dry peat or sand and stored until spring at a temperature of 2-4 ° C [for example, in the vegetable compartment of the refrigerator).
Reproduction of tigridia: children and seeds
The best way to reproduce a tigridia is by small children, who are separated from the maternal corm during digging. If you plant the same tubers every year, The plant grows old and degenerates, and if it is renewed by children.
In the spring before planting the baby, it is advisable to soak for 24-48 hours in warm water to speed up germination. At the same time, one must be prepared for the fact that the germination process will nevertheless proceed rather slowly. However, with good care, these kids will bloom in 120-150 days.
Now regarding the reproduction of tigridia seeds.
After collecting, they are first re-dosed for 7-10 days under ambient conditions, and then placed in slightly damp sand and kept in a cool room until sowing. Sow the seeds in February-March in pots. After 2.5-3 weeks, friendly shoots appear. In the summer, seedlings in pots are brought to the garden; some of them may bloom in the fall (for industrial cultivation, seedlings bloom occurs 6-7 months after sowing). In the fall, the seedlings are dug up, their curly mushrooms are stored in the same way as the rest.
- 1. Listen to the article (soon)
- 2. Description
- 3. Landing
- 3.1. When to plant
- 3.2. How to plant
- 4. Care
- 4.1. How to care
- 4.2. Watering and feeding
- 4.3. Transfer
- 4.4. Breeding
- 5. Wintering
- 5.1. Storage
- 6. Pests and diseases
- 7. Types and varieties
Planting and care for tigridia (in short)
- Bloom: from July to September.
- Landing: Growing bulbs at home in pots with soil - from the end of March, planting corms in the ground - from the second half of May.
- Digging: in October.
- Bulb storage: storage bulbs placed only when the ground part is completely wither. If frosts come, and the leaves are still green, the bulbs are dug out with a large earthy clod and kept in a bright, cool place until the ground part turns yellow and withers. After that, the bulbs are sorted, disinfected in Maxim's solution, dried and stored until spring at a temperature of 3-10 C, immersed in sand or in dry peat.
- Lighting: bright sunlight or partial shade.
- The soil: light, loose, well drained, moderately wet, neutral or slightly alkaline.
- Watering: regular, in drought and heat - daily. The soil is soaked with water to the depth of the bulbs. If the drought is prolonged, the tigridia will have to be sprayed with warm water in the evenings.
- Top dressing: if during the preparation of the site in the soil fertilizers were made, fertilizing is not needed. When grown in an unfertilized, lean or depleted soil, two supplements are made with mineral solution per season: one month after the leaves appear and during the budding period.
- Garter: when grown in the penumbra, the stems may be too thin, and the plant will need to be tied to a support - a rod or a peg.
- Reproduction: seeds, bulbs and children.
- Pests: cabbage scoops, bears, thrips and slugs.
- Diseases: rot during storage.
Tigridia flower - description
The tigridia flower can be as tall as 30 to 70 cm tall. It is a bulbous perennial with simple or branched stems, sword-shaped light green, evenly folded leaves and single or 2-3 pieces collected at the top of the arrow with fancy flowers like an exotic butterfly. The fruit of the plant is a box with angular, compressed seeds.
When to plant tigridia in the ground.
Since tigridia bulbs react to a cold snap, they are planted in open ground only after the threat of recurrent frosts has passed, that is, not earlier than the second half of May. Tigridia must be planted in an open, well-lit area. It grows in the penumbra, but then the flower stalks of the plants will be thinner and weaker, and they will have to be tied to a support. Does not like tigridia drafts and sharp gusts of wind, breaking its fragile, thin stems.
The soil for tigridia should be light and loose, well drained, not acidic and moderately wet. Too dense soil to make it loose should be dug up with sand or sawdust.
How to plant a tigridia.
Tigridia bulbs before planting need to be etched for 2 hours in a solution of 4 ml of Maxim in 2 liters of water - this treatment will further protect plants from gray and white rot, Fusarium and other diseases.
Depth of seeding of the bulbs depends on their size. For example, large specimens are immersed to a depth of 10 cm, and small planting is sufficient to close up by 5 cm. The distance between the bulbs in a row should be at least 15 cm with 20 cm spacing. Shoots will appear only after 4-5 weeks, flowering will begin in August, but the plants will not have time to bloom before frosts, and this may adversely affect the replacement of corms. Therefore, we strongly recommend that you grow tigridia bulbs at home before planting in open ground, placing them at the end of March for distillation. How to do it correctly, we will tell you in the section on tigridia transplantation.
How to care for tigridia.
Growing tigridia does not require any special procedures. It will be enough to water the plant, loosen the soil around it, remove weeds from the flowerbed, feed it, and if you preserve the surface of the plot with humus or peat to preserve the soil structure, you will have to water, loosen and weed less often. In addition, it will be necessary to remove wilted flowers and, if necessary, install supports in the form of rods or pegs for a tigridia.
Watering and feeding tigridia.
Tigridia in open ground needs regular watering, and in a dry season it should be daily, and surface moisture will not do anything, the soil should be soaked to the depth of the bulbs. With a prolonged drought, you will have to spray the ground part of the tigridia in the evenings with warm water.
If fertilizers were applied to the soil before planting the bulbs, tigridia will not need additional feedings during the growing season. For fertilizing a lean or depleted soil, two supplements are sufficient with a solution of 3 g of complex fertilizer in 1 liter of water per season: one month after the leaves appear and during the formation of buds.
In order to accelerate the onset of flowering of tigridia in open ground, its bulbs are grown at home from the beginning of spring: at the end of March, 3-4 bulbs are planted for distillation into a light substrate, deepening so that there is a layer of soil at least 3 cm thick over the bulbs The first weeks the substrate in the pots is watered sparingly, but as soon as the bulbs begin to germinate, they will need intensive hydration: moisture must penetrate the entire depth of the substrate, reaching the roots of the bulbs. In order to achieve the required level of soil moisture, but at the same time not provoke fungal diseases, the bulbs are planted in pots with wide drainage holes and high plates-supports and the method of bottom irrigation is used. When the arrows appear, the pots with the forcing are rearranged to the warm, bright window sill and protected from drafts. In the open ground, the prepared bulbs are transplanted in early June.
A pit for tigridia grafting is dug 50-60 cm deep. A drainage material made of broken brick and a layer of horse manure about 20-25 cm thick are laid on its bottom, then a layer of loose soil on which the sprouted onions are laid is of the same thickness. The rest of the space is filled with fertile soil. After transplanting the area watered.
Reproduction of tigridia.
If tigridia blooms in the second half of July, its seeds have time to ripen before the cold. They are harvested before the start of frost and sown in winter in a bright room without pre-sowing treatment. Seeds germinate at a temperature of 20-25 ºC. Seedlings do not tolerate trauma to the roots, therefore they swoop them in separate pots along with an earthy clod in the developmental stages of the first two true leaves. Tigridia bloom from seeds 6-7 months after sowing.
Tigridia propagates in a vegetative way: in one season, an adult bulb forms up to 5 replacement babies, which are separated from the parent corm just before planting and, after treating the sections of cuts and fractures with crushed coal, are planted in the ground.
Storage of tigridia.
Because of the heat-loving nature, wintering of tigridia in open ground is impossible in most climatic zones: in the fall, plant bulbs are dug out and stored until spring at a low, but above-zero temperature. And it is with the extraction from the ground and storage of corms that the difficulties of growing tigridia are associated. The main condition for the normal storage of planting material of this culture is the complete maturation of the bulbs, so it is important to know when to dig tigridia in the fall. The bulbs can be stored only after the ground part of the plant has faded, but if frost is approaching, and the leaves on the tigridia are still green, dig up the tubers with a large earthy clod, put them in a bright, cool room, wait for the yellowed plant to turn yellow. leaves will fade, and only after that it will be possible to do the preparation of corms for storage.
Before planting in storage, planting material needs to be cleaned, rinsed, etched in a solution of the drug Maxim, dry well, but children do not need to be separated from the mother corms - set this procedure aside until spring. How to store tigridia before landing? The bulbs are immersed in dry peat or sand and kept indoors with normal humidity at a temperature of 3 to 10 ºC. You can fold the planting material in paper bags and put it in the vegetable box of the refrigerator. During the winter, it is necessary to periodically check the condition of the bulbs in order to detect damage or decay in time.
Tigridia pests and diseases
The biggest problem of tigridia - the death of bulbs from rot during winter storage. The reason for the appearance of rot is insufficient maturation of the planting material. That is why it is so important to wait for the natural part of the tigridia to wither before placing the onion in storage. To prevent rotting of the bulbs, they should be etched in a solution of the drug Maxim or other fungicides, for example, in a solution of Fundazol or Benlat.
In open ground, tigridia can also get rust or scab. This can be avoided by treating the plant by leaf for the purpose of prophylaxis with solutions of fungicidal preparations or herbal infusions. But tigridia cannot be saved from mosaic: there is no cure for viral diseases, therefore it is important to maintain plant health with good care.
Of the pests, cabbage shovels, polar bear, thrips and slugs are the most dangerous for tigridia. Scoop, their caterpillars and thrips are destroyed by treating tigridia on leaves with insecticidal preparations, which are sold in any garden pavilion or specialty store.Slugs will have to be assembled by hand, using pieces of slate or planks laid out on the plot as traps: on a hot day, the slugs hide from them from the sun, and you just need to get them out of the shelter and destroy them. And the moves of Medvedka need to be filled with soapy water, and if the insect does not die in the depths, but reaches the surface, destroy it.
Tigridia peacock (Tigridia pavonia).
Only one species of the genus is grown in culture - peacock tigridiawhich originates from Guatemala and Mexico. The plant can be from 25 to 70 cm tall. Its irregularly shaped bulb is up to 6 cm long and up to 4 cm across is covered with membranous scales. By the end of the growing season, the old bulb is completely exhausted, but instead of it new bulbs form, forming nests. The number of onions practically coincides with the number of scales on the mother bulb. One onion can form from 3 to 5 peduncles, on each of which up to 5 buds are formed. The leaves of the peacock tigridia are xiphoid, broad, light green, folded in length. Flowers with a diameter of 10-15 cm out of six lobes open alternately. The outer perianth lobes are bright red or violet-orange, the inner ones are much smaller than the outer ones, yellowish-orange spotted colors, like the pharynx. Flowering occurs in July and August, each flower lives only 8-10 hours, while the flowering generally lasts 15-25 days. Tigridia peacock has several garden forms:
- – Alba - plant with white flowers in red spots:
- – Aurea - form with dark yellow flowers in carmine stains,
- – Carminea - tigridia with orange flowers in yellow spots,
- – tigridia lilatsea - a plant with lilac-red flowers in carmine stains,
- – tigridia rosalind - a form with flowers of a gentle-pink shade,
- – Canariensis - tigridia with light yellow flowers and bright red middle,
- – Specialty - form with scarlet-red flowers in golden yellow spots.
The variety mix “Tigridia Ferraria Mixt” is also in demand - plants up to 60 cm in height with sword-shaped leaves and flowers with a diameter of up to 15 cm with single-colored outer petals of red, mauve, orange, white or yellow color and three internal petals with elegant patches.
For breeding works, tubular tigridia species with pale pink flowers, Mexican tigridia with yellow flowers, celerian tigridia with bluish-lilac flowers, and other species not cultivated by themselves are used.
Tigridia - description and types
A blooming, grassy perennial between thirty and seventy centimeters in height has dense corms with rhizome, branching or erect stems, evenly folded, light green, xiphoidal leaves and peduncles with one or several buds growing right out of the ground. Flowers from eight to ten diameters Centimeters consist of several small and three large petals, so that they have a triangular shape. The central part of the bud is painted with contrasting stains, and the outer monophonic petals can be pink, white, blue, yellow, red, lilac.
Every tigridia flower blooms for only a few hours, but a new bud blooms around it the next day. Therefore, in order to get a long flowering, plants are planted in a flowerbed in groups.
More than fifty species of tigridia are known., of which only a few are grown in culture:
- Tigridia peacock - plants with a height of twenty-five to seventy centimeters blooms in the second half of summer for two to three weeks. He has a corm with a width of four and a length of six centimeters, around which several children form in one season. The corm itself dries out by the end of the season. Tigridia peacocks are distinguished by light green, sword-shaped, wide leaves with longitudinal folds and purple, white, orange, light pink or scarlet flowers with a diameter of ten to fifteen centimeters. Three to five shoots with three to five flowers are formed on each bush. Depending on the variety, there may be red, carmine or yellow spots inside the flower.
- Tigridia multi-flowered differs bent-out maroon petals bent outward, the base of which has a darker shade.
- Tigridia chess - a plant with flowers of unusual color. Fawn spots are staggered on the large light petals of the flower.
- Tigridia tubular has narrow leaves, a branching short stem and rounded outer petals of light pink color. The diameter of each bud is from five to seven centimeters.
Planting and cultivation in open ground
The plant loves sunlight, so well-lit areas are selected for planting. In the penumbra, flower stems can become thin and fragile.
That wind gusts did not break gentle bushes, it is recommended to plant tigridia in windless, draft-free areas.
Before planting for plants you need to prepare the soil, because they do not like dense, heavy soil with stagnant moisture. The soil is prepared as follows:
- acidic soil is treated with lime mortar,
- dense soil mixed with sawdust,
- sand and some fertilizer are added to heavy soils.
Growing tigridia from seed
To get an earlier flowering, tigridia is grown at home by seedling. For planting seeds, you can use seedlings purchased in the store ground or prepare a soil mixture of the following components:
Tanks for seedlings Fill with moist soil, over the surface of which seeds are spread and sprinkled with a small layer of soil. Seeds should be five to six centimeters apart.
Crops from above are sprayed with water from a spray bottle and covered with polyethylene or glass. Care of them consists in daily airing of landings and in moistening of the soil if necessary.
In a warm place and with proper care, seedlings will appear in about three weeks. Shelter is removed from them, and transplanting tanks are placed in a well-lit place where there is no direct sunlight.
In the open ground grown seedlings are planted in May. Tigridia seeds grown from seeds bloom in six to seven months, so crops are grown in winter.
When the soil in the garden warms up well, and constant positive temperatures are established, the bulbs can be planted in open ground. For planting bulbs dig holes dug from eight to twelve centimeters. The distance between them should be at least fifteen centimeters. Each hole is moistened and corms are planted in it.
To obtain early flowering, experienced gardeners recommend bulging at home or in a greenhouse. In March, they are planted in separate pots and provide special care:
- The first two weeks, until the roots come to life, the corms are watered abundantly.
- As soon as shoots appear, the frequency of watering is reduced, and the plants are watered only after the topsoil has dried out.
Care for tigridia in the open field does not take much time. Exotic plants are watered regularly as soon as the topsoil dries out. More abundant and frequent watering flowers require hot and dry weather. After flowering, watering is reducedand as soon as the ground part of the plants dries up, they are completely stopped from watering.
For the growth and flowering of tigridia, fertilizing is important, for which complex mineral fertilizers are used. If the bulbs were germinated at home, then they were first fed two weeks after planting in open ground. Planted immediately on the flowerbed plants are fertilized after the appearance of leaves on them.
It is recommended to remove flower buds on the bushes immediately so that the plant has the strength to form new flowers.
Preparing tigridia for winter
Despite the fact that tigridia are perennial plants, in open ground at sub-zero temperatures the bulbs freeze. Therefore, as soon as during frosts the aerial part of the plant will wither, corms will be dug out and stored until spring at home. Before storing the bulb, it is necessary to prepare:
- Trim the leaves and stems.
- Dry for two weeks at room temperature.
- Shake the remnants of the earth.
- Shorten up to two centimeters of stalk hemp.
- Trim the roots.
- Dry for about two weeks.
Ready for storage bulbs fall asleep dry sand. Wet soil and sand will not be suitable for their storage, as unprotected with scales of corms of tigridia in wet conditions will begin to rot. Store the bulbs placed in the sand in a dry place with an air temperature of +4 to +10 degrees.
Can be stored planting material flower in the nylon mesh at home, hanging it closer to the ceiling.
Two or three weeks before planting trigridia in the open ground, the corms of the corms are broken open and dried at the break place of the children.
Diseases and pests of tigridia
In the open ground of corms and shoots, plants are often attacked by slugs, thrips and bears. To prevent pest attacks, before planting, bulbs are treated with insecticidal materials.
Improper storage of the bulbs and care errors can lead to damage to the planting material and the bush itself with rot, viral mosaic, rust, scab. The affected parts of the flower are destroyed, and the remaining bushes and bulbs are treated with fungicides.
For the prevention of decay of planting material during storage, before the last drying of the bulbs, it is recommended to process for thirty minutes in 0.1% Fundazol solution.
Tender, unusual, beautiful and unpretentious in the care of tigridia are planted in flower gardens in groups, due to which it seems that the plants bloom for a long time and without a break. The flowerbed on which different plant varieties are planted looks very beautiful. Tigridia are used to decorate ponds, mixborders, rockeries. They are attractive next to arabis, stonecrop, thyme, phlox, and small conifers.
Tigridia is a variety of perennial herbaceous plants native to South America, the Iris family. In height of a plant reach from 30 to 70 cm.
The rhizome has a dense bulbous formation of irregular shape, typical for tigridia, about 6 cm long and up to 4 cm wide. From above, the bulb is covered with dry, membranous formations of dark brown shades.
Leaves are strap-shaped, with a corrugated surface and a bright green shade. They rise above the ground surface in the form of a fan straight from the basal rosette. In the center of the fan of the leaves is a simple or branched erect stem. The flowering period in tigridia lasts from the first half of July to the first autumn frosts. From one bulb grows about 6 peduncles, each of which bears on itself 2-3 buds. The corolla consists of 6 petals, 3 of them are much larger than the others.
The diameter of the corolla is in the range of 8–15 cm. As a result, the irregular size of the petals of the tigridia forms the characteristic triangular or square shape of the flower.
The outer edge of the flower has bright shades of red, pink or yellow, but the color may be more delicate, snow-white tones.
Closer to the center of the flower is a characteristic for the iris ornament in the form of pronounced divorces. The duration of its life is no more than 10 hours, but the flowers open in turn, therefore, to create a decorative effect, tigridia are planted in small groups.
In a group of two dozen plants, 5-7 flowers will bloom every day. The flowering period of one plant does not exceed 30 days.
After flowering on the plant ripen the fruit-boxes, which carry several angular brown seeds. Tigridia is propagated with the help of seeds or bulbs. By the end of the growing season, the bulb is depleted, instead of it a nest of young onion matures on the rhizome.
Today, there are about 55 species of tigridia, but few among gardeners around the world have become particularly popular. The most common representatives of all 2 types: tubular tigridia and peacock tigridia.
Tigridia peacock - it is a heat-loving flower, the natural habitat of which is considered to be the regions of Mexico and Guatemala. Tigridia peacock A distinctive feature of the species is the alternate opening of the buds, thereby achieving uniform flowering, as well as a large corolla with red or purple petals with a diameter of about 15 cm.
The most popular varieties of this species are:
- Alba: it is characterized by snow-white flowers and a bright spotty ornament of scarlet color,
- "Aureya": a plant with yellow flowers and a carmine-colored pattern in the form of stains,
- Carminea: distinguished by bright orange flowers with yellow ornamentation,
- "Lilaciya": the variety has lilac-red petals and carmine stains at their base,
- "Rosalind": a flower with delicate, light pink petals and a scarlet pattern,
- "Specia": a plant with characteristic scarlet-red flowers, as well as red or golden yellow spots.
Tigridia tubular - heat-loving plant, the natural habitat of which are the mountainous regions of Mexico. Tigridia tubular A characteristic feature of the species is its smaller size. The height of the plant does not exceed 40-50 cm, the diameter of the flower is no more than 7 cm. The outer petals of the flower are more rounded than those of their relatives, and also have a delicate, light pink shade.
Tigridia Chess - A hybrid species, featuring an unusual color petals. They are covered with numerous small specks of two shades. The spots are arranged alternately, which creates a unique chess ornament. Tigridia Chess Tigridia many-flowered - a plant of medium size, with a characteristic burgundy color of flowers and a dark pattern at the base. One of the most striking features of the plant is the unusual shape of its outer petals. They are strongly bent outward, which gives an unusual look to the whole flower. Tigridia many-flowered
Planting bulbs is one of the most common methods of growing tigridia at the dacha. In addition, only with the help of bulbs can achieve the most efficient and high-quality shoots.
The process consists of the following steps:
- Choosing a landing site: A plot suitable for the future of the flower should be chosen in the fall; the best place for the plant will be in places with well-drained and light soil.
- Preparation for landing: 3-5 days before the estimated date of planting, the nest of the bulbs is divided into individual bulbs and kept at room temperature. Tirgidia bulbs
- Planting planting: The optimal period for the landing of tigridia is mid-May. The bulbs are planted in a pre-loosened soil to a depth of about 10 cm. The first shoots appear after 2-3 weeks.
- Plant care: For the first few weeks, the bulbs require intensive hydration before the emergence of shoots, so that the moisture will saturate the developing root system to the maximum. After the appearance of the first shoots, the amount of water is reduced, and watering is carried out as necessary, however, drying of the substrate should not be allowed.
To improve the efficiency of reproduction of tigridium, it is important to use the following recommendations:
- Tigridia is a light-loving look that does not tolerate abrupt changes in atmospheric conditions, so the flower will feel best in a well-lit area, protected from drafts.
- Inhabitants of the northern regions are recommended to pre-germinate bulbs. To do this, they are planted in pots with good drainage for several weeks before planting, in the open ground the plant is transplanted after the germination of the first 2 leaves.
- Often, plants do not require additional garters, but in the case of cultivation with insufficient light, the stem becomes brittle and requires binding.
At the end of the growing season, several children develop in the root zone of the flower around the uterine bulb. Already next spring they can sprout. This is the so-called nest of bulbs, which is the planting material.
Dig it in late September, before the first cold snaps, along with the dried aerial part of the flower. After that, corms are kept at room temperature in a well-ventilated place for 2 weeks to eliminate excess moisture.
After 14 days, the dried-up parts of the roots and leaves are cut off without disturbing the structure of the corms and leaving a hemp of about 3 cm in length. Next, tigridia should be treated with any potent fungicide for plants.
The simplest option would be a 0.7% emulsion of foundation. After that, corms are again dried at room temperature for 1-2 weeks. Prepared bulbs are placed in a container and wrapped in dry clean sand. In this form, the bulbs are stored in a cool place at a temperature of about 5 ° C. A few days before landing, the nests are withdrawn and divided into individual onion. Planting material with obvious signs of damage or rot is discarded.
Выращивание из семечки
Выращивание тигридий из семян успешно практикуется в большинстве северных регионов, так как в связи с климатическими особенностями луковицы цветка не успевают благополучно созреть до первых холодов.
The dates of sowing seeds for each climate zone are individual. In a temperate climate, the process starts at the end of February.
Seeding consists of the following steps:
- Substrate and vessel preparation: any garden containers will be suitable for growing seedlings, they can be replaced with disposable plastic cups. For the cultivation of seedlings fit any store substrate. Soil can be prepared and personally, from a mixture of sod land, peat and sand in a ratio of 2: 1: 1.
- Packing with a substrate of garden containers: the soil in the germination tank should be filled thoroughly, however, its excessive density must also be avoided, as this may adversely affect the growth of the seedlings.
- Sowing seeds: it is carried out in a superficial way; for this, the seed must be evenly distributed over the surface of the substrate and covered with a layer of soil no more than 3 mm.
- Sowing care: the first few weeks, the substrate should be abundantly moistened with separated water at room temperature. After the appearance of the first shoots, it is not necessary to re-moisten the soil; watering should be done as the substrate dries. Best of all, the seed containers will feel warm and brightened at a temperature of 20-25 ° C.
- Transplanting in open ground: transplanted seedlings should be in the second half of May, after maturation on it the first 2 leaves. After planting plants for 2 weeks should be watered abundantly.
Basic recommendations for improving seed multiplication of tigridia:
- To protect the seedlings from fungal infections, seeds before sowing should be soaked for 5 minutes in a 40% water-alcohol solution, then rinsed thoroughly.
- When sowing seeds, one should strictly observe the distance between them not less than 5-6 cm, thus it will be possible to avoid the thickening of sowing.
- After planting tigridia in open ground, it is imperative to feed them; for this, any liquid fertilizer will be suitable for seedlings from the nearest flower shop.
Like any other plant, tigridia require special conditions of detention for themselves, without which they will not be able to see a blooming flower bed.
As mentioned above, tigridia is a photo-loving look, but it should not be planted on the brightly lit side of the flower bed, as direct sunlight can adversely affect the development of the flower.
Therefore, they should be planted in a well-lit place, but hidden from direct exposure to the sun.
The flower belongs to the heat-loving plants, so for its successful development in the active growing season, the air temperature should be at least 20 ° C.
However, in the autumn, the light frosts of tigridia are not terrible, so they manage to delight with their flowering up to severe cooling.
Tigridia grows best on light fertile and well-drained soils, protected from strong winds, with a neutral or alkaline pH. Such soil should be subject to good agricultural practices and pre-fertilized with a small amount of mineral or organic fertilizers.
During the period of germination and active seedlings, tigridia require daily watering to maintain good humidity, but it is not worth re-moistening the plants, as this can lead to their death. In hot periods, the flowers are watered 1-2 times a day, while the daytime temperature drops to 20 ° C - once every 1-2 days.
The main sign of the need for moisture is the appearance of a light dry crust on the ground. At the end of flowering, tigridia are prepared for wintering, for this, from the end of July, watering is halved, to 1 time in 2-3 days.
Tigridia are moisture-loving plants, however, excessive moisture is bad for their development and general condition.
Therefore, it is necessary to grow this flower in a dry, well-ventilated place (but without drafts). During irrigation, watering the plants themselves is not worth it, just moisten the soil of the flowerbed.
Top dressing for this flower is vital. For the first time fertilized plants a month after the appearance of the first 2 leaves, or not earlier than 2 weeks after transplanting to a permanent place.
Next time feed tigridium at the stage of active budding.
The plants respond best to fertilizing with complex fertilizers for flowering species.
Often, the manufacturer’s recommendations for their application fully meet the needs of the plants, but if you want to create a truly spectacular flower bed, then when you first feed you need to add 30-40 grams per square meter to the soil. m nitrogen fertilizer.
When budding, it is recommended to flower the flower with a solution of nitroamofoski with a concentration of 30 g per 10 liters of water.
Difficulties in growing
Serious problems in the cultivation of tigridia does not cause, however, difficulties in its breeding are still possible. During the growing season, the grower may experience wilting of flowers, the death of individual specimens and other things. In most cases, this is a result of improper watering, feeding, etc. Therefore, a healthy, richly blooming flower bed of tigridia is possible only with strict observance of the rules described above for the care of the plant.
Feedback from network users
Height of a plant is 30-40 cm. Grows quickly.
The peculiarity of Tigridia is that the flower blooms early in the morning and fades late in the evening, and the next day a new inflorescence appears, most often of a different shade. And so on until the fall. Magnificent view is complemented by a wonderful aroma.
Propagated by bulbs. For the winter I dig and store as gladioli. I plant early in the spring, as soon as the threat of frost has passed. Unpretentious, require a minimum of care and watering. Grow on almost any soil.
Great for decorating the site. If you want to surprise your neighbors with an unusual flower, feel free to choose Tigridia. Everyone who saw Tigridia on my site really liked the flowers.
Tigridia is an elegant exotic flower that pleases gardeners around the world with its bright appearance. Despite its origin, the plant does not require special conditions even in regions with northern climates.
However, in order for the flower only to delight you throughout the growing season, it should create special soil conditions and watering, otherwise it will not be possible to achieve a rich flowering.