General information

Diseases goslings

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send


Poultry farmers engaged in breeding geese often face various diseases of the young. They cause a slowdown in growth and death.

Viral infections, improper housing and feeding conditions, as well as parasites and pathogens of fungal diseases can cause illness in birds. The symptoms of most diseases of young goslings begin to appear as early as the age of 6 to 12 days.

What can hurt young goslings?

Despite the fact that geese are famous for their endurance and unpretentiousness, and they are prone to various types of diseases. The goslings are least resistant to them. Their fragile bodies very often do not cope with ailments. Goslings who do not receive timely assistance die very quickly.

Many livestock diseases can not be cured, so it is destroyed. Such a radical measure limits the further spread of the disease. Places of disease birds are declared quarantine zone.

The loss of a bird brings to any farmer not only losses, but also notoriety, which has a negative impact on the sale of domestic poultry products in the future. To avoid or significantly reduce the risk of infection of poultry infectious and other types of diseases can create good conditions for her and provide high-quality feed.

In the gooseberry there must be ventilation, the walls of the room are whitened with hydrated lime. It copes with the task of destroying fungus, bacteria and viruses. As a preventive measure, daily goslings are prepared with a special drink. It is a weak solution of potassium permanganate sweetened with glucose.

A common remedy for improving immunity are drugs such as biovit, paraform and kormogrizin. They are given to young animals until they reach the age of 8-10 weeks. Of particular danger in the first days of goslings are infectious diseases, as well as damage to the respiratory tract of the bird and its reproductive system.

During this period, chicks may develop diseases such as vitamin deficiency, rickets, diarrhea, yolk peritonitis. Cholera, salmonellosis and aspergillosis are more common among infectious diseases. Improper feeding from the first days of life leads to the appearance in the body of goslings of parasites and poisoning.

What should you know when incubating goose eggs? Read about it in our article.

How does the chicken feel constipated? Find out about it here.

Symptoms of diseases of goslings, methods of treatment and prevention

In the first days and weeks of life, young goslings are most at risk of various diseases. Their disease can be caused not only by viruses and fungi, but also by parasites, poor feed, or inappropriate conditions for their maintenance. Careful care, proper food and the use of vitamin complexes significantly reduce the risk of disease in poultry. All existing diseases can be divided into two large groups: infectious and non-infectious.

Noncommunicable diseases

The cause of this type of disease is improper care for the bird, as well as parasites living inside the goslings and in their plumage. Most of these types of diseases lead to the fact that the chicks fall to their feet, lose their voice and lower their wings.

Compliance with all the necessary conditions for keeping goslings significantly reduces the risk of most diseases. Do not allow goslings to overheat or overcool, feed them with poor-quality feed, as well as high humidity or drafts in the room intended for their maintenance. In their drinkers should always be only clean water.

Avitaminosis

The cause of the disease is a lack of vitamins in the diet. With avitaminosis, birds lose their appetite and gain weight very poorly. For most goslings, the illness ends in death. It has a chronic nature. The first signs of the disease can be observed at 2-3 weeks of bird life. The young, bred from eggs with a low content of vitamins, are least adapted to life and very often die immediately after birth.

To prevent this disease, it is necessary to properly formulate the diet of poultry feeding. It must include grass meal, fish oil, fresh vegetation or shoots. Synthetic preparations of vitamins A, D, B1, B2 and BV can be added to the goose food. It is necessary to give them to goslings during the first 10-14 days of their life.

Among the symptoms of the disease there is a slowdown in the growth of goslings and the softening of their bones and beak. The main causes of rickets is a lack of vitamin D in the body of the bird and a lack of sun.

Rickets does not pass for goslings without consequences. The geese suffering from this disease carry eggs with a very thin shell.

The best remedy for the prevention and treatment of rickets is fish oil. It is added to poultry feed along with vitamin D and yeast. In sunny weather, goslings should walk as long as possible.

Esophagus occlusion

The cause of the disease is nutrition, which is dominated by dry food and lack of water. In such a state, goslings behave extremely restlessly. They have shortness of breath, weakened legs, gait becomes shaky, and the beak is always half open. Urgent intervention is required at the first sign of illness. For this, 20-40 ml of vegetable oil is poured into the goose's throat, after which the contents are gently squeezed out.

The disease is not widespread and rarely occurs in goslings in farms. This is a seasonal disease that happens in spring or autumn. Manifested in the form of inflammation of the skin that appears near the bird's mouth, as well as loss of tongue and the formation of diverticula. If the disease is not treated, it becomes chronic.

Prevention of the disease is a balanced diet, containing in its composition vitamins and trace elements. Wounds are treated with antiseptic solutions.

Thyroid catarrh

Symptoms are characterized by swelling of the goiter. She is assisted in the form of goiter massage, given a drink, which includes 5% hydrochloric acid solution.

Ailment refers to a disease of the reproductive system. The causes of its development are sudden startle and excess protein foods. Symptoms of peritonitis include bouts of pain in the peritoneum. The disease is very difficult to treat. The main type of prevention is to maintain cleanliness in the house and a balanced diet.

Diseases caused by parasites

Very often on the skin of the bird you can find the parasites, called poohadov. They feed on down and cause itchiness and baldness in goslings that can bring them to exhaustion. Goslings can not move and eat normally. The disease is treated with the help of special agents for parasites that can be found in any veterinary pharmacy.

Prevention of the disease is the periodic treatment of plumage with sprays or solutions that repel parasites from bird plumage.

Worm invasions

The reason for the appearance in the body of goslings is dirt and low-quality food. Signs of their presence in the body are like increasing mortality among young. Bring worms is very difficult. To do this, there are various drugs that give the bird with a drink or feed. Effective prevention of the disease is to maintain cleanliness in the roaster and in its surrounding area.

Poisoning Goslings

Most often caused by the consumption of plants containing poisons. Sometimes toxic substances enter the feed. Mold or fertilizer can cause poisoning in goslings. Disease occurs in each goose in its own way and depends on the type of poison and its quantity that has entered the bird's body. Fight the disease by soldering goslings water acidified with vinegar. Sometimes decoctions, infusions of various herbs or vegetable oil are used in the treatment.

Prevention of poisoning is proper care for the livestock and control over its nutrition. It is not recommended to feed the goslings in the first weeks of life with potatoes and beets. They can cause severe poisoning in the bird.

The most common cause of diarrhea in young animals is a violation of the content of young animals or improper feeding. The liquid stools of goslings can have various coloring, and sometimes and impurity of blood. The illness may be accompanied by loss of appetite, fever, drowsiness and lethargy. Birds in this state sit in one place and barely move.

Infectious diseases such as viral enteritis, salmonellosis, pasteurellosis, and some others, as well as parasites that live in the birds, can cause diarrhea in poultry. Special attention should be paid to white goose droppings. It is one of the symptoms of pullorosis. This is a dangerous disease that causes goslings to 100 deaths. Even having cured of diarrhea of ​​the bird, they remain the carriers of the virus of illness until the end of their lives.

Birds infected with pullorosis are isolated from the herd and destroyed. In all other cases, various treatments can be used. The best and most effective is the use of special preparations.

Group of infectious diseases

Among the frequently encountered in the practice of breeding poultry dangerous infectious diseases such as:

  • Enteritis. Viral disease leading to mortality of young animals in 95% of cases. Most often it can be observed in goslings aged from 5 to 12 weeks. The disease affects the cardiovascular system and intestines, and also affects the liver of birds. The disease is spread by airborne droplets and by hatching eggs.
  • Salmonellosis. The disease can be observed in young animals aged from 5 to 30 days. It is characterized by a fast and acute course. Cause sickness in goslings can be contaminated feed, sick birds or rodents. Very often, salmonellosis occurs in birds due to overheating, lack of vitamins or poor conditions. This can be a greater density of goslings when placed.
  • Colibacteriosis This viral disease is considered the most dangerous for goslings. The most common cause of the disease is dampness, which may occur in the goose during the keeping of its young, and an inferior diet.
  • Aspergillosis. Disease affecting the respiratory system of goslings. It is caused by pathogenic spores of fungi that actively reproduce in moist warm straw, hay and grass.

This is also interesting!

Small chicks are the hardest to fight pathogenic bacteria: their immunity has not yet formed, and the body is not strong. Therefore, any deviation from accepted standards of care, maintenance and feeding can provoke the development of infectious diseases. Without the intervention of the owner, the young stock itself will not cope with the misfortunes that have fallen on it and may die. But a person should also be able to recognize the signs of beginning ailments in time so as not to be late with the treatment. The most common diseases among goslings are of an infectious nature. The most frequent are:

Colibacteriosis

A dangerous infection, in the acute stage destroying up to 30% of young stock.

This disease is mainly the result of inadequate conditions and care for babies:

  • Raw room.
  • High humidity.
  • Lack of ventilation.
  • Unbalanced diet.
  • Overheat.
  • Fluid deficiency.

Pathogen: E. coli.

The infection is transmitted through household objects or birds (with feces).

Symptoms:

  • Depression.
  • Weakness.
  • Sleepy condition.
  • Weakness.
  • Fatigue.
  • Thirst.
  • Syndrome "bloated" head.

Treatment: broad spectrum antibiotics (Lexoflon, Enronit, Enronit OR).

Aspergillosis

It affects the respiratory organs of the goslings. There is a high mortality rate of livestock from this disease.

The causative agents of the virus are considered pathogenic fungal spores. They actively reproduce in the presence of the necessary conditions for this. Appear in wet warm straw, grass, hay. After the flooring is dry, dust appears on the surface of the feed. It consists of infected particles.

It is her inhalation by chicks that provokes the development of this dangerous disease in them. To determine the occurrence of the disease can be on such symptoms that occur in chicks - they cease to be active. They turn into sluggish and sleepy, while inhaling the air they begin to pull the neck far forward.

Nystatin and its analogues

Patients periodically open the beak, often sneezing. Treatment involves the use of highly effective drug nystatin. The calculation is carried out as follows - take 20 - 30 mg of funds per kilogram of bird weight. It is best to offer the chicks in the process of a normal meal.

To prevent contamination of the population by this disease, feed must be given for mycological examination. If it is proved that he became the cause of the spread of infection, then the feed is replaced by another. Weak and sick geese, which could not be cured, will have to be disposed of.

The room where the herd lives should be necessarily treated with an aerosol disinfector. The prophylactic measures are called the destruction of the causative agent of the virus by burning the walls of the house and its equipment with a blowtorch. The treatment of chicks with iodo-aluminum spray is well established.

Pasteurellosis (Cholera)

Infectious disease, accompanied by a high mortality rate, is transmitted by contact. It is acute and chronic. Carriers are young animals derived from eggs of an infected bird.

  • Symptoms: difficulty breathing, wheezing, indigestion, depression.
  • The source of infection is most often: infected food, insects, rodents.

Neusseriosis

It is characterized by reddening of the mucous membrane of the cloaca in females, the formation of scabs and erosions, and swelling of the affected areas. In males, the disease manifests itself in the form of inflammation, curvature, or even loss of the penis from the cloaca.

Cause of illness - Bacteria - Staphylococcus, Proteus, Streptococcus. Males are most susceptible to infection. Infection occurs during mating or through litter.

  1. The infection develops for a month and a half, the bird loses weight all this time.
  2. Sick animals are culled; antibiotics are administered to the rest.
  3. In order to avoid infection, geese are subjected to regular inspections, especially during the formation of family herds.
  4. The room, feeders, drinkers, inventory must be periodically disinfected.

Hymenolepiasis

Appears as a result of the ingestion of invasive mollusks. The main reason - walking on unsuccessful reservoirs.

Signs: liquid, fetid stool, uncertain gait, muscle cramps, paralysis of legs and wings, lagging development of young. Mass spread of the disease of geese is observed three weeks after the first symptoms.

This disease is caused by insufficient intake of manganese and choline. It is expressed by thickening of the heel part or dislocation of the limbs. The development of young animals slows down significantly, movement becomes problematic.

The reproductive qualities of eggs are significantly reduced - embryos often die.

Developed as a result of a lack of vitamin D.

Symptoms: weakness, poor weight gain, softening of bones, including beak, thin shells in eggs. For prophylaxis, fish oil and medical preparations containing the necessary elements are added to food. It is very important that the bird spend a lot of time outside, especially in sunny weather.

Poisoning

Poisoning of small goslings or adults can occur due to the consumption of poisonous plants, mold, food, chemicals, and fertilizers spoiled by mold. It happens:

  • sharp - accompanied by irreversible damage to internal organs, any treatment is useless - the bird quickly dies,
  • chronic - There are convulsions, vomiting, restless behavior. With the right approach, treatment can be effective. To eliminate the negative effects of often used folk remedies: herbal decoctions, sunflower oil, vodka. Sometimes even watering with ordinary water brings its fruits.

Sometimes liquid feces indicate a lack of vitamins of group B, this can be determined by the symptoms:

  • the bird has ruffled feathers,
  • neck convulsively arched,
  • growth stops,
  • in severe cases, paralysis is not excluded.

Viral enteritis

An acute disease of goslings of early age, characterized by lesions of the intestine, heart, liver and accompanied by a high mortality of young (30-95%) in the first three weeks after hatching, but more often 6 - 12-day young are sick. The disease is very contagious and is transmitted from sick and recovered birds through hatching eggs. Infection occurs through the air or with feed and water.

The disease causes a virus that is localized in the internal organs. The main source of the disease is sick birds that produce the virus with droppings. The sick bird remains a virus carrier for a long time (3-4 years).

The main symptoms of the disease are as follows: goslings are oppressed, gather in groups, tremble, tend to heat, stand more with half-closed eyes, sometimes fall asleep completely, lowering the head or tilting it to the side, often yawn, do not react to sound, and there is no appetite. Some birds have conjunctivitis, discharge from the nose. In the future, there is a watery diarrhea mixed with blood. Sick and sick goslings are lagging behind in growth and development.

При вскрытии павшей птицы отмечают несколько увеличенное сердце, миокард бледный, дряблый, цвета вареного мяса. Печень увеличена, кровенаполнена, желчный пузырь наполнен желчью. Селезенка светло-розовая, иногда темно-красная. В железистом желудке обычно содержится слизь. Кишечник воспален. Younger goslings are more likely to detect catarrhal and hemorrhagic inflammation of the intestinal mucosa, and older gibas have fibrinous inflammation.

For the purpose of prevention, young animals and adult geese are vaccinated with live vaccine. The replacement young animals are vaccinated once at 21 - 28 days of age, to adult geese - 1.5 months before the start of egg-laying, again after two weeks.

Vaccination of geese against viral enteritis in a goose farm is mandatory.

Pasteurellosis (cholera)

Contagious infectious disease, occurring over-acute, acute or chronic, with symptoms of septicemia and high mortality. Domestic and wild birds of all kinds are sick, geese and ducks are especially susceptible.

The source of infection is sick and recovered poultry, and transmission factors are polluted water, food, care products, and surrounding air.

The incubation period lasts from several hours to 2-5 days. The super-acute current is characterized by the sudden death of a seemingly healthy bird. At the same time, the number of dead birds is growing rapidly.

In the acute course of the disease, the bird becomes lethargic, and frothy mucus stretches from the nasal openings and beak. Body temperature increased to 43.5 degrees. The stools are liquid, gray, yellow or greenish, sometimes mixed with blood. There is no appetite, strong thirst, general weakness, and the bird dies.

The chronic course of pasteurellosis is observed after the acute manifestation of the disease. Viscous effusions appear from the nasal openings of the sick bird, breathing is obstructed. In adult geese, arthritis and inflammation of the tendon sheaths are noted, with the result that the claudication and overhang of one or both wings are pronounced. The disease lasts from several weeks to several months. A bird that has recovered from pasteurellosis gains immunity, but is an open carrier of infection.

With hyperacute pasteurellosis, there are no changes in the corpses of birds. They die, as a rule, well-fed geese. Sometimes exudate is found in the heart shirt, and under the epicardium - point hemorrhages.

In the acute course of the disease, hemorrhages on the epicardium, serous membranes of the digestive organs, peritoneum, pleura and subcutaneous tissue are found in fallen birds. The pericardium and the epicardium are covered with numerous hemorrhages and are spattered with blood. In the abdominal cavity are clusters of fibrous exudate.

With the chronic course of the disease, the corpses are exhausted, the liver is enlarged, cherry-colored, there are necrotic foci in its parenchyma. Pulmonary edema is sometimes observed.

When establishing the disease, all sick birds from a dysfunctional house are immediately killed. The house, the paddocks, the territory adjacent to the house, are thoroughly cleaned and disinfected. At the same time, geese from other poultry houses are provided with complete feeding and improve the conditions of their housing. The following population is prescribed the following antibiotics and sulfonamides for prophylactic purposes: biomitsin once subcutaneously at a dose of 25,000 - 50,000 per 1 kg of body weight, levomycetin in a dose of 30 mg / kg body weight mixed with 1 g of fish oil 2 times a day for 5 consecutive days , sulfadimezin in a dose of 0.2 g per head 2 times a day with food for 5-6 days, sulfadimesin as a 1% solution instead of drinking water, spofadizin with food 2 times a day at a dose of 0.075 g per 1 kg live weight of the bird for 3-4 days.

Vaccinating against pasteurellosis of geese can be no earlier than 5 days after the use of drugs. For vaccination use live or inactivated vaccine.

Salmonellosis (paratyphoid)

Acute disease. The most susceptible are goslings from 5 days old to one month old. But the chronic course is also observed in adult geese. The sick bird for a long time (up to 2.5 years) may remain a carrier of bacteria and carry infected eggs, from which infected goslings are derived. The susceptibility of goslings to this disease increases with poor feeding and maintenance, underheating or overheating. A sick bird with droppings secretes the causative agent of the disease, Salmonella. They are very resistant to adverse environmental factors, retain the ability to infect birds, being in litter up to 1 year 8 months, in soil up to 120 days, on the surface of premises up to 150 days. In frozen carcasses, salmonella lasts up to 2–3 years, which presents a certain danger to humans.

Salmonellosis occurs immediately, acutely, subacutely and chronically. With fulminant course, no clinical signs of the disease are observed, death comes suddenly.

In the acute course of the disease, weakness, drowsiness, thirst, reduced appetite, shortness of breath are noted. Nervous phenomena are characteristic: spasms, paralyzes. Appears tearing, turning into purulent conjunctivitis.

In the subacute course of the disease, goslings have difficult breathing and diarrhea. The surviving goslings are depleted, develop poorly.

Chronic disease often occurs in the grown young. At the same time, there is diarrhea, exhaustion, swelling in the joints, lameness, nervous phenomena, conjunctivitis. In an adult bird, the disease proceeds without visible signs. In the period of egg-laying in patients with geese, inflammation of the cloaca, oviduct, and ovaries is observed. Sometimes they have swollen joints, wings drop, diarrhea appears.

At the opening of the fallen bird in the pericardial bag, a collection of exudate is found, the heart is flabby, the lungs are hyperemic, the liver is enlarged 1.5-2 times, filled with blood, fibrous lesions are noticeable on its surface. Multiple necrotic nodules of a grayish-yellowish color are found in the liver parenchyma. The gallbladder is enlarged, filled with bile. There is catarrhal inflammation of the intestine, in some cases there is peritonitis (inflammation of the peritoneum).

When making a diagnosis of salmonellosis, sick and suspected birds of infection are removed from the herd and killed. Inventory, premises and the surrounding area are disinfected with a 3% sodium hydroxide solution, a 2% formaldehyde solution or a 2% fresh lime solution. Drinkers and feeders are thoroughly washed in hot water and disinfected with a 5% bleach solution.

The most effective therapeutic agents are nitrofuran preparations (furazolidone up to 5 mg per gooseneck with food once a day for 8-10 days in a row), antibiotics (biomitsin, tetracycline, oxytetracycline 20 mg per 1 kg of live weight with food 2 times a day for 5-10 days), sulfamides (sulfadimezin 200 mg per 1 kg of live weight with food 2 times a day for 3-5 days).

Conditionally infected youngsters of geese are immunized with an orally live avirulent vaccine against salmonellosis of waterfowl at the age of 2-4 days, if the livestock of the parent flock has not been vaccinated before the laying. Against the background of maternal immunity, goslings are vaccinated at the age of 8-10 days. Adult birds are vaccinated 20-30 days before the start of the productive period twice with an interval of 4-5 days. Dacha drugs stop 28-45 hours before vaccination.

Salmonellosis refers to zoonosis, that is, it can be transmitted from human to bird, and vice versa.

Geese infectious diseases

Most often, poultry is affected by infectious viral diseases. Almost all poultry farmers care about the prevention of disease among their pets, but it is not always possible to prevent the occurrence of a particular ailment. Poor nutrition, drafts, temperature fluctuations, parasites - all this can cause diseases. Below is a list of the main viral ailments that can affect geese.

Aspergillosis

Pathogen: mold fungus that enters the respiratory tract of birds from the external environment (water, hay litter, soil, etc.).

Symptoms: lack of appetite, lethargy, reluctance to walk, the emergence of great thirst, sudden weight loss, difficulty breathing. The last symptom is due to the fact that when it enters the body, the fungus grows in size, grows and releases toxic substances that poison the bird. Treatment spend "Nystatin" in the calculation of 30 mg per 1 kg of bird weight at a time, adding it to the feed. Give twice a week. A solution of copper sulphate 0.05% per 10 mg per 1 l is also added to the drinking water. The success of treatment is not guaranteed in all cases, as the majority of the disease is fatal.

Prevention is that the geese should not collide with the pathogen, i.e. it is necessary to check if the food is not infected with the fungus, or if the pets eat something spoiled. It is also necessary to replace the litter, because if it starts to rot, the risk of infection increases. Maintaining sanitary conditions, frequent airing and cleaning in the house, the use of special tools for its processing (for example, formalin) avoid the risk of infection. It is advisable to give chloramine to geese (a special medicine that is added to drinking water) for 10 days every few months.

Causative agent is a microbe short sticks, which affects mostly young individuals. In the external environment it may not live long, as it is sensitive to temperature changes (it dies at +50 ° C). Viability lasts up to three days at normal temperature. The virus can live on the walls, bedding and floor, in the ground or sand. Gets through scratches and skin lesions. The main source and distributor of the disease is an infected bird.

Symptoms: weakness, a very sharp increase in temperature (up to +44 ° C), loss of appetite, which appear at the initial stage of the disease. Then the individual ceases to move, wings hang, problems with orientation, diarrhea. Often the legs or head swell. Similar symptoms develop in 3-5 days. It is easy to determine the disease and by the fact that geese sit with an open beak, wheezing is noted during breathing. Influenza Dangerous Rapid Spread Treatment: most often the young goose is just slaughtered. His carcass plucked and scalded with boiling water. The remaining geese are moved to a clean new room for a while, while processing the old one.

Prevention is the timely processing of all surfaces of the house. It is very easy to neutralize the virus, because it dies when using a solution of bleach or carbolic acid.

Pasteurellosis (cholera)

Causative agent The disease appears Pasteurella bacterium. Carriers are sick birds, rodents. Sometimes an infection occurs due to inconsistency of conditions or in adverse weather conditions.

  • weakness of the bird, lethargy and unwillingness to leave the house,
  • depression and reluctance to eat,
  • fever and thirst
  • convulsions are often noted
  • the bird has bloody diarrhea,
  • breathing is difficult, wheezing is heard,
  • mucus with foam that flows from the beak,
  • the most common symptom is that the sick individual is constantly sitting, laughing, and hiding its head under the wing.

VIDEO: SIGNS OF PASTERELLIASIS DISEASE AND ITS TREATMENTTreatment carried out with the help of antibiotics and sulfa drugs:

  • "Biomitsin" in the dosage of 50 thousand units per head, give a shot once,
  • "Levomitsetinom" in the dosage of 30-60 mg per head twice a day for 5-7 days in a row,
  • "Sulfadimezinom" twice a day during the week at the rate of 0.2 g per bird (given with food),
  • "Spofadizinom", which is given with food twice a day at 0.075 g per 1 kg of bird weight in a course of 3 days.
Prevention: mandatory vaccinations. It should also be carried out and disinfection of the house, especially in dangerous times (spring and autumn), as well as in the case when the outbreak of cholera somewhere.

Salmonellosis (paratyphoid)

Causative agent the disease is salmonella. It is a very dangerous and contagious disease, as it is transmitted, like cholera, through air or water. Appears mainly in small goslings. There is a predisposition to salmonellosis in those chicks who live in poor conditions, cramped and do not receive enough nutrients and vitamins. Symptomatology:

  • lethargy and immobility of birds,
  • reluctance to eat or great thirst, weight loss, low growth and exhaustion are often noted,
  • the chicks are sitting with wings down,
  • conjunctivitis and tearing, souring of the eyes.
With treatment “Furazolidone” is used, 3-5 mg per chick once a day for 10 days. Antibiotics such as "Biomitsin", "Tetracycline", and "Oxytetracycline" are also used (20–25 mg per bird twice a day). The course lasts from 5 to 10 days.

Prophylactic measures include vaccination against the disease, as well as isolation of the sick chick and disinfection of the room. It is important to always keep the house clean.

Staphylococcosis

Causative agent - Gram-positive bacterium Staphilococcus aureus. It is transmitted through contaminated surfaces, common feeders, through injuries or scratches. Infection from another bird is also possible.

Symptoms: purulent abscesses on the skin and dermatitis, arthritis and concomitant blood poisoning, diarrhea. If the form of the disease is chronic, then arthritis and swelling of the paws, swelling of the head, problems with the esophagus and swallowing, gangrene of the wings and paws appear. Treatment: A sick bird is isolated and treated with the same antibiotics and in the same dosage as in the treatment of salmonellosis. In the dry feed, add "Sulfadimezin" in the calculation of 0.2 g per bird, give twice a day. In acute form, the individual is sick for 2 to 7 days, after which it dies. If the disease is chronic, it lasts for about a month, after which, in some cases, the bird recovers partially. If the lesions are too large, it is better to kill the bird.

Prevention The diseases mainly include the maintenance of cleanliness, the use of high-quality food, the ventilation of the house and the timely replacement of bedding.

An acute infectious disease that is caused by a specific virus that is transmitted from sick to healthy birds. The disease has a contagious form, that is, it is transmitted from a sick individual to a healthy carrier through pathogen - hatching eggs. Infection can occur either directly from the bird or through bedding, feed, air or drink. The main a symptom is a lesion and inflammation of all internal organs. Birds gather in flocks, strive for heat, constantly trying to close or at least close their eyes, sometimes just turning off or falling asleep. The birds are yawning, tilting their heads to the side, reacting poorly to sound and other external stimuli. They lose their appetite. Sometimes there is bloody diarrhea, conjunctivitis and nasal discharge.

Treatment is carried out with the help of a special vaccine for enteritis. Often the sick individual is slaughtered.

Oviduct prolapse

The reasons: inflammation of the reproductive organs and large egg size.

Symptoms: inflammation and swelling of the oviduct, bleeding, tenderness, diarrhea, or constipation. Treatment: Practice has shown that the treatment of this problem does not show positive results. The goose stops running. Sometimes the reposition of the oviduct is practiced back if the form of the disease is mild.

Prevention includes the maintenance of birds, cleanliness in the house. It is necessary to exclude factors that can cause inflammation.

The reason The appearance of worms is contaminated water or feed.

The brightest a symptom is weight loss and problems with appetite. Appears lethargy, immunity decreases.

Treatment very difficult, with the use of anthelmintic drugs, for example, "Albena". It is easy to get in the veterinary pharmacy or pet store. Give the third part of the tablet per goose (added to food).

Prevention: cleaning and disinfecting the premises, monitoring the cleanliness of the water that birds drink, and the composition of the feed.

Yolk peritonitis

The reason appearances can be a sharp startle, rude or cruel treatment of a bird. Sometimes the disease develops against the background of too much protein in food. Appears only in females.

Symptoms: inflammatory processes in the abdominal cavity and intestines.

Cure the bird is very difficult, because the problem is not yet fully understood. Exact treatment methods are not developed.

For prophylaxis It is necessary to monitor the number of geese in the house and try not to stress the birds.

Cannibalism

Reasons the appearance of cannibalism may become too bright lighting, a large number of geese in the same room, lack of ventilation. Sometimes it occurs on the background of a lack of minerals or protein in the body.

A symptom is the aggressive behavior of the bird, while at the same time her feathers are ruffled, she constantly cleans and greases them. This leads to the fact that they eventually begin to fall out, exposing the back, on which bloody smudges, wounds and scratches appear. Treatment: separate the bird and establish the cause of cannibalism.

Prevention: include in the diet the necessary amount of vitamins and minerals, fresh herbs, proteins. Be sure to keep the flock in the house in accordance with the rules, providing free-range birds.

Qatar goiter

Cause: Feeding spoiled or expired feed. Appears more often in older individuals.

Symptomatology includes swelling of goiter, unwillingness to move. Birds are sitting in the same place and are laughing.

Treatment should include a complex of massages and the addition of formalin solution in water in the ratio 1: 10,000.

Prevention simple: do not feed the bird spoiled or expired feed.

The reason the appearance of cloacitis or inflammation of the mucous membrane of the cloaca is a lack of vitamins (most often groups A or E). Symptoms: organ protrusion, cracks and bleeding.

Treatment carried out in accordance with the degree of infection. It is necessary to wash the mucous membrane, clean it from its pus, abscesses and films with water and iodine, then smear it with ointment with zinc. Если воспаление не спадает — используются мази с антибиотиками: стрептомициновая или пенициллиновая.

Prevention: adding vitamins to feed. You can sometimes give carrots and other greens.

Why geese fall to their feet

One of the most common health problems of geese is falling to their feet. The reason for this may be banal weakness, and lack of nutrition, and even serious problems with the body. Most often, if the geese suddenly begin to fall to their feet and stop moving, this is due to the following factors:

  • poor nutrition and feeding problems,
  • an insufficient amount of vitamins, minerals and nutrients - most often this indicates an acute shortage of magnesium or calcium,
  • violation of the stomach and intestines,
  • helminth infection.
If the pets began to fall sharply on their feet, as if knocked down, and quickly die, this is a clear symptom of the infection (the same staphylococcus, salmonella, enteritis, etc.). In this case, be sure to consult a doctor.

If you follow the food, add all the necessary components to the feed, maintain cleanliness in the house, monitor the health of the wards and allow them to freely walk and bathe - many health problems of the geese will be avoided.

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send