How to plant and grow a hybrid of cherries and cherries. How he multiplies. Tips for farming. When to pick and how to store berries. Varieties, types, species, classification (10+)
Duke Growing basics
Duke It represents a special hybrid, whose parents are considered to be cherry and sweet cherry.
Duke is considered to be all kinds cherry hybrids with cherry. The basis served as a sort of sweet cherry bred in the seventeenth century called “May Duck”. The very name "Duke" stuck it on us, this term does not exist abroad.
Such hybrids retain in themselves the properties that are characteristic of both parents, but mostly they are attached to cherries. In appearance, the leaves of the tree resemble cherry leaves. But the size correlate with leaves of sweet cherry. Winter hardiness Duke also borrowed from cherries and became much sturdier than their second parent. As for the berries, they are also adjacent in color and size to the berries of the cherry, but unlike it is much sweeter.
The disease resistance of hybrids deserves special attention. This is especially true for stone fruit diseases, such as moniliosis or coccomyosis.
As you know, the Dyuk originally formed themselves. This happened through the pollination of cherry and cherry trees growing too close to each other. Then the breeders themselves themselves began to display such hybrids.
At the beginning of the nineteenth century, the varieties of France gained special popularity: Queen Hortensia, as well as Empress Eugene. At the end of the twentieth century, the situation worsened and the dukes began to grow less. This was influenced by the severity of winters.
The problem with selection is that cherries and cherries have a different set of chromosomes. The hybrids that were produced did not yield any yield, or else it was completely small.
To date, many varieties of hybrids have been developed that are particularly fertile. For the northern regions brought varieties that are most resistant to frost. We offer the most popular varieties of ducks:
- Miracle cherry
The fruits of these trees are quite large about nine grams, and ripening occurs in June.
Be careful! Do not buy seedlings of rare and unknown varieties. Usually they are simply called cherry or sweet cherry. The high probability that these plants do not differ in particular fertility, but on the contrary, is significantly sensitive to frost.
How to choose a site for landing duke?
Seedlings of hybrids should be planted from each other at a distance of about five to six meters. If the soil on the site is fertile well, then fill the hole using the top layer of soil, mixing it with a squeak of one to one. If the soil is with high acidity, you should use lime fertilizer slightly less than two kilograms.
Do not deepen the root neck of a hybrid, otherwise the plant will die. After planting, shorten the seedling by sixty to seventy centimeters. If the crown is already formed, then only the side branches should be removed by about a third, retaining the central shoot.
Make sure that the seedling you have is fertile, as there are cases when the hybrids are self-productive or cannot pollinate each other.
It is recommended to plant Dukas samoplodnye varieties of cherries and northern varieties of cherries. But remember that the cold spring dyukas bloom before cherry, and it follows that pollination does not occur.
How to care for a hybrid?
It is not recommended to fertilize this tree, because it provokes abundant growth. It is quite enough to drift trees in a circle in the fall and mulch with grass.
Young seedlings require frequent watering, and during the winter period the tree is sheltered from snow. It is necessary to cover the plant with a simple plastic bag (preferably, use dense polyethylene) so that it is completely covered up to the root of the neck. Be wary of rodents.
Ripened fruit ducks eat, as well as fresh, and make various preparations. Recently, such hybrids more and more attracted our attention.