General information

Peculiarities of keeping and breeding rabbits at home


Due to the intensive development of animal husbandry, rabbits were bred Hikol. They are representatives of the hybrid breed. White California and Australian rabbits were involved in the breeding of these animals.

Characteristic rabbits breed Hikol

The breed was bred in France at the end of the last century and for several decades already gained great popularity in the world, thanks to its breed characteristics. It is the most popular farming breed in the world.

The official description says that, like their ancestors, rabbits of the breed Hikol have a light color, but do not have the standard fur color.

There are individuals of white, gray, cream color, as well as colorpoints (the body is white, the nose and ears are painted in dark color).

Breed standards are:

  • ears are spoon-like, short - up to 10-11 cm,
  • small head, light,
  • nose stretched out
  • eyes set wide, red with light edging in the sclera,
  • the neck is short
  • body length reaches 50-54 cm,
  • back straight, wide,
  • belly low,
  • the croup is very massive,
  • front legs are rather short, widely set,
  • powerful hind legs, set right when viewed from behind,
  • tail straight with dark edging.

Hikol breed has a meat direction and is grown as a broiler. A youngster reaches a weight of 4.5–5 kg sufficient for slaughter by 3-4 months. These are record indicators among meat breeds of rabbits. With a proper and balanced diet, the animal gains 45-60 g of body weight daily.

Representatives of the breed are not predisposed to obesity and suffer from them in very rare cases.

Hikol rabbit meat is especially valued in the agricultural market. Rapid slaughter brings a good income because of the rapid weight gain and light bones. The percentage of pure meat from the mass of the animal before slaughter is about 57-60%.

Breeding features

The main difference from many breeds is that Hikol is a representative of the hybrid breed, which means that tribal divorce has its own characteristics. Breed representatives cannot naturally reproduce due to their hybrid origin. Females are artificially fertilized to produce offspring with a full list of pedigree characteristics. If the representatives of the Hicoll breed are naturally reduced, then the rabbit rats will not be considered purebred representatives of the breed.

Because of this feature of breeding, breeding rabbits in private farms and small farms is unprofitable. Artificial insemination requires material costs and pays off only on large farms.

Monopoly in breeding livestock breeding is the French company "Hipfarm". In addition to Hicol, they breed a similar Hyplus hybrid breed. These rabbits also have a meat orientation. The progenitors of these breeds are in the nurseries of the company and are not sold for breeding. There are branches all over the world where you can also buy animals. One male will cost about 550 rubles, females cost about 500 rubles.

Females are highly fertile. One litter consists of 10-12 cubs. When compacted okrolah can get 8-10 litters per year. After this rabbit is removed from the breeding.

The rabbit has 10 nipples, thanks to which she can equally provide all her rabbits with milk. It is important to provide the female with a balanced diet during pregnancy and feeding the offspring.


Animals have well-pubescent paws, which allows them to be kept in cages with a grating floor. This simplifies cleaning and prevents the rabbits from trampling over their stool. Outbreaks of coccidiosis occur in the cells or cages due to dirt and the entire herd is killed. Diseases of young rabbits under the age of 3 months are particularly susceptible.

It is recommended to locate the cells so that:

  • they were not in direct sunlight
  • no precipitations and drafts penetrated there,
  • the temperature in winter did not fall below 16-17 ° C.

Females are kept by 2-3 individuals, and males one by one, in order to avoid aggression and fights. Cells should be well ventilated. Pets need constant access to food and clean water. This is especially true for females during and after caulking. Often, due to dehydration, the rabbit eats their cubs to restore the water-salt balance.

Hikol rabbits perfectly adapt to different types of feed. They willingly eat dried grass, hay, fresh and boiled vegetables, wheat, sunflower seeds, corn, barley. But in order for animals to gain weight and fully justify their pedigree characteristics, granular concentrated feed should be present in their menu from early childhood. Their price is quite high, but it is justified by the release of meat after slaughter.

Food Hikol rabbits

Compared to the ancestors of Hicoli, fewer units of feed are required for increasing body weight, this is an indisputable benefit for the economy. At the age of 3-4 months, animals gain 4.5-5 kg ​​of live weight and are ready for slaughter.

To ensure a complete diet, you must:

  • Take care of harvesting hay for the winter. Do it better in the month of June and July. During this period, herbs have a higher protein content, which is necessary for the growth and development of animals. Over time, the grass fiber content increases, which the rabbit's digestive system can not digest. Also decreases the amount of fat and minerals. Hay harvested in August has a low nutritional value.
  • Feed the rabbits legumes. So you can halve the cost of concentrated feed. In the composition of legumes a lot of lysine - a valuable amino acid. Thus, 1 kg of green mass contains up to 27 g of easily digestible protein.
  • Give animals the opportunity to access food around the clock. Food intake in rabbits during the day can reach 50-60 times. During fattening the animals need around the clock feeding.

Choosing and buying rabbits Hikol

Since the breed is not very common and there are not too many nurseries involved in divorce, you should not buy animals by advertising on the Internet, markets or dubious farms. Purebreds of the tribe can be bought at agricultural exhibitions or in nurseries specializing in this breed.

You can buy rabbits in France, but the delivery will be incomparably expensive. But you can be completely sure that before you is a rabbit of the Hikol breed, and not a less thoroughbred brother like it.

According to external signs it is difficult to determine belonging to the breed. Australian or Colifornian white krays are often issued as Hicols. It is necessary to require supporting documents from breeders.

Carefully be in the choice of the animal. An overly calm and lethargic rabbit is most likely sick with something. At best, bald spots on wool indicate poor conditions and poor nutrition; at worst, these may be symptoms of contagious diseases.

The biological and physiological characteristics of rabbits for beginners

Rabbits are born blind, naked and completely dependent on the mother rabbit. Feed on only milk. By the 10th - the 14th day of the rabbit eyes open, by the 16th - the 20th they already leave the nest and begin to taste adult food.

Newborn Rabbits

At the age of 1 month, cubs can go without a mother. By this time, their full development reaches their primary hairline and there is a change of milk teeth to the root ones. Newborn rabbits have 16 temporary teeth. From the 18th day of life their gradual replacement with permanent ones begins. Milk molars fall out on the 20-28 day. After the change, there are 28 animals in them, less often 26 (there may be no pair of small incisors in the upper jaw). By the age of 30, the live weight of rabbits increases 8-10 times.

Rabbits - true vegetarians. They like to eat green grass, in winter they prefer high-quality hay. With pleasure they gnaw the twigs of trees and shrubs, eat grain, vegetables and fruits. In terms of domestic content in the diet of animals include animal feed in the form of nutritional and mineral supplements.

Rabbit Diet

The digestive system of rabbits is the best fit for eating plant foods. Animal stomach, has the shape of a horseshoe bag. Gastric juice contains hydrochloric acid, pepsin and lipase, which quickly dissolve food proteins, promote the digestion of fats, and protect food from rotting. Intestines 8-10 times the length of the body. The urine of rabbits is alkaline, contains a lot of nitrogen and sulfur. Daytime feces - dry and hard, night - soft and wet. A characteristic feature of animal digestion is natural coprophagy.

Puberty of rabbits comes early. Animals of medium breeds are capable of breeding at the age of 3 -3, 5 months, large - at the age of 3, 5 - 4 months. However, without harm to the health, growth and quality of the offspring, they can occur no earlier than 5-6 months, when the period of intensive growth ends. The final development of the body in rabbits ends by 8 months.

Females bring numerous offspring. In one litter is usually born from 6 to 9 rabbits. The maximum number of newborns is 18. Animals do not have a pronounced seasonal hunt. Females are fertilized throughout the year, every 5–6 days in summer, and 7–10 days in winter. Rabbits perfectly combine lactation and pregnancy, can take, care for and feed both their young and from another mother, if the age of the rabbits is about the same.

Rabbit with little rabbit

Animals perfectly adapt to living conditions in any climatic conditions, but are sensitive to excessively low and high temperatures, drafts, infections and polluted air. Rabbits live up to 10 yearsAfter 3–4 years, the reproductive ability of females and males drops sharply, which necessitates a change in the producing composition. Especially valuable animals use 5 - 6 years.

Rabbit breeding: where to start, the choice of breed for breeding - meat or skin

Animals are bred for meat and skins. Down rabbit breeding is less common. Rabbit meat is tasty, nutritious and healthy.. It contains a lot of easily digestible protein, 90% of which is easily digested in the human body. Gentle fat does not freeze and does not leave an unpleasant taste in the mouth. Rabbit meat is used in dietary and medical nutrition.. Dishes from the rabbit belong to the delicacies worthy of the attention of these gourmets. The most tender meat is obtained from broilers, which are slaughtered at the age of 70 - 75 days upon reaching 2 kg.

The following animal breeds are suitable for meat breeding:

  • flandre
Flandr Rabbit
  • french ram
Rabbit of breed French ram
  • Californian
Californian rabbit with offspring
  • white New Zealand,
Rabbit white New Zealand
  • red New Zealand.
Rabbit red New Zealand

Listed youngsters characterized by rapid growth, a good set of live weight, optimal feed costs for growth. Commercial products with intensive fattening receive by 4-6 months, the weight of rabbits by this time. can reach 5 kg.

Animals are raised for their skins.. They are used in light industry for sewing hats, fur coats and in the form of finishing hoods of products made of synthetic and natural materials. Shoes can also be trimmed with rabbit fur. It is used to simulate more expensive mink, fox, sable, cat, etc.

Quality skins get from animal breeds:

  • Soviet chinchilla,
Soviet chinchilla
  • gray giant
Rabbit of breed a gray giant
  • white giant
White Giant Rabbit
  • silver,
Rabbit of breed silver
  • Viennese blue
Viennese blue rabbit
  • black brown
Black Brown Rabbit
  • butterfly,
Butterfly Breed Rabbit
  • Russian ermine.
Russian ermine rabbit

Animal distinguishes thick, soft and beautiful fur with a short awn and a strong pad. From rabbits receive large valuable skins. Slaughter is carried out after 6 months, when the first adult molt ends.

When choosing animals for the tribe pay attention to the health and the constitution of animals. Appearance must match the description of the breed. The male must be energetic, strong, well developed., with a pronounced male type. You should not choose small, sluggish, passive, lagging behind in the development of animals. The criteria for selecting females are more diverse. Expectant mother should have a light head, strong but not coarse bones., straight back, wide ass, resilient unresisting belly, strong legs. She should have at least four pairs of evenly spaced and normally developed nipples. This is a guarantee that she can feed and raise numerous offspring.

Home rabbit farm: conditions of detention, cultivation and care

In the conditions of private farms, they practice both keeping in a barn and street animal housing. Place under the rabbit houses choose a flat, protected from the prevailing winds, with natural or artificial shading. Rabbits do not tolerate overheating, drafts and do not like moisture, so you should immediately create comfortable conditions for the livestock. The approach to the site should be free to ensure the smooth distribution of feed and cell cleaning. Tribal bones and productive youngsters are kept in different sections, although on small farms this is almost arbitrary. Separately, have a cage for sick animals and a cage for quarantine, where they will temporarily keep newly purchased animals, which cannot be immediately placed in the main herd.

Street cage rabbits

General recommendations for cell construction are as follows:

  1. Are considered the best cages made of metal mesh and wood. The back wall and the ends are made of boards, nailing parts without gaps, tightly to each other. Inside, the corners are sheathed with metal so that the rabbits do not spoil the cages. Mesh make part of the floor, front wall and optional door. For these purposes, suitable mesh netting and fine-mesh construction mesh. The size is chosen so that the animals can comfortably walk without falling into the cells with their paws. Part of the floor is made of solid boards.. This is a resting place for rabbits, they can fully relax there, lie down, gnaw a twig, etc.
  2. Roofing material is slate, ondulin, professional sheet. It is practical to make a roof with a slight slope to the back wall so that rainwater can flow down if the cells are placed in the open air. The hinged and flip-up design makes it easy to clean the rabbit house when changing livestock.
  3. Feeders make removable or stationary, placed them on the front wall inside or outside the cells. Be sure to put and drinker, better automatic, so that rabbits have constant access to water.
  4. In winter, in extreme cold, the cells are warmed.. Use both improvised materials and building insulation. At critically low temperatures, the outside perimeter of the cage can be sheathed with foam, and the facade covered with grass mats. In regions where there is a lot of snow, you can simply enclose them with cells, but do not forget to remove it in the thaw. Will keep heat in cages and a plentiful laying from a dry leaf, hay or straw, sawdust.
  5. On small farms cells are arranged in one rowIf there are numerous livestock, for convenience of maintenance, they are installed in 3 floors one on another. Under each tier have a tray for collecting feces, urine and feed waste.

Cages for animals make different, given the specification of the use of the premises and the needs of rabbits.

Description and characteristics

For the breed Hikol characteristic light color fur: white, beige, gray. Also, the representatives of this hybrid may have colourpoint color, when the nose and ears of an animal are painted darker than the rest of the body. The breed standard describes a body length from 50 to 54 cm, a short neck, a compact head with an extended nose. The back of the animal is wide and straight, and the back part is massive.

Other standard breed characteristics:

  • wide landing of eyes, eyes of red color, with a light rim,
  • lowered belly,
  • short, widely located forepaws,
  • straight tail with blackout
  • short ears up to 11 cm in the form of a spoon.

Breed virtues

Hybrid Hikol is the most popular meat breed for farming due to a number of advantages: rapid weight gain, large meat yield, no problems in cultivation and care. This broiler breed makes it possible to produce 4.5–5 kg of live weight already when the young growth reaches 4 months of age. Rabbits of this breed have light bones in the absence of predisposition to obesity.

Reference. Breeding breeding livestock breed Hikol engaged company "Hipfarm" (France). It is a monopolist and has branches for the sale of breeding individuals around the world.

Additional advantages of the breed are high fecundity. In one okrol, 10-12 babies appear. In industrial rearing, females produce up to 10 litters per year, after which they are taken out of the breeding stock.

Breed advantage - high fecundity