Tomato "Klusha" can rightly be called an excellent result of the work of domestic breeders.
It attracts gardeners with its compact bush, while farmers are impressed by the early terms of tomato ripening. But both those and others note a unique number of fruits in the hands on the bushes of the plant.
Further in the article we will consider the description of this variety of tomato, tell you how to grow these tomatoes, what subtleties of agricultural technology will help to get the best result.
Klusha tomato: variety description
It is characterized by early ripening. Fresh tomatoes are usually harvested 90-95 days after planting seeds for growing seedlings.
Standard stem determinative type, height does not exceed 55-60 centimeters. About indeterminantny grades read here. The small size of the bush allows 6-7 plants to be planted per square meter of soil. The compactness of the bush makes it possible to grow Klusha tomatoes even on the balcony in a container or a container of sufficient size.
The producer called the pink variety variety “Superklusha”. We will dwell on the description of the Superklusha tomato variety in more detail, since it has a number of unique qualities. Throwing a look at the bush, you immediately understand where the name came from. In appearance, the plant resembles a large chicken with ruffled feathers, which hid all the chickens under it.
After all, the outside due to the large number of leaves is almost not visible ripening tomatoes. The leaves are medium in size, the usual form of tomatoes, dark green. As they grow, gardeners advise the removal of leaves on top of the brushes of formed fruits.
In the description of the Klusha tomato variety, it is indicated that it is adapted to cultivation in all climatic zones of Russia. It has good resistance to major diseases of solanaceous crops. That is confirmed by numerous reviews. The best yield is achieved when the bush is grown by 2-4 stems. The stems are very powerful, and, judging by the description, the Klusha tomato does not need to be tied up.
But, according to reviews received from gardeners, it is better to install thin supports around the bush, which will allow the plant not to lie on the ground. According to the recommendations received, the plant does not require a pinching.
In the description of Klusha tomatoes, the red-fruited subspecies is given, only the color distinguishes them from the Super Klusha tomatoes. Country of breeding - Russia. Fruits are flat-rounded in shape, with slightly pronounced ribbing. Unripe tomatoes are light green, ripe ripe red (or faded pink for the second variety). Average weight: 90-110 grams, when landing in a film cover reach a weight of 140-150 grams.
And in the table below you will find such a characteristic as the weight of fruits from other varieties of tomatoes:
Description variety Klusha, reviews, photos
Medium early, determinant, undersized, unpretentious tomato for open ground. Ideal for growing in the middle lane.
Tomato seedlings wedged photo
Standard bush, up to 0.5 meters in height, not requiring peacock. The plant is very low and stocky in seedlings.
An interesting feature of the variety - tomatoes are hidden under the leaves in the depths of the bush.
Some gardeners still recommend forming a bush at least until the first brush (this removes all the side shoots that grow below the first flower brush).
Pulp of Watermelon type
The fruits are round, medium density, in the stage of maturity of red, weighing 80-150 grams, good tomato flavor (sour). These universal tomatoes are suitable for both fresh consumption and canning.
Variety yield: up to 2.5 kg of fruit from 1 bush (in the presence of watering and feeding).
Tomato variety Klusha is included in the State Register of the Russian Federation for cultivation in open ground and under film shelters in personal subsidiary farms.
Seed producer: Siberian Garden agrofirm.
Features of cultivation, planting and care
Sowing seeds for seedlings spend 55-60 days before the proposed planting in the ground. Dive seedlings - at the stage of two true leaves. When transplanting seedlings to a permanent place on 1 square. meter is recommended to place up to 5 plants.
Further care of tomatoes consists of timely watering, weeding, fertilizing with complex mineral fertilizer and preventive measures to protect the crop from diseases and pests.
Tomatoes Klusha, video
Diseases and pests
Klusha is highly resistant to the main diseases of tomatoes. To grow tomatoes of this variety is not at all troublesome. In order for plants to grow healthy, you only need to follow the basic rules of agricultural technology: to prevent drying or waterlogging of the soil, remove weeds in time and loosen the soil.
One of the most common diseases of tomatoes - late blight. It affects tomatoes more often in the second half of summer. “Klusha” is an early ripe variety, the fruits ripen practically all at once. Therefore, from late blight the crop turns out to save.
A dangerous pest for the "Klushi", as for all solanaceous - the Colorado potato beetle. There are many ways to deal with it; every gardener chooses a more acceptable one for himself.
Unpretentiousness in care, compactness of bushes, resistance to diseases, good taste qualities make the Klusha variety popular among gardeners. Those who are not familiar with it, you should definitely try to grow it. At least in order to ensure its excellent qualities, to evaluate the taste of the fruit. Perhaps, “Klusha” will become your favorite.
We collect the advantages:
- Early and productive variety,
- Bush undersized and compact,
- Easy to care for
- Not resistant to diseases
- Universal purpose
- Suitable in any region and climate
- Fruits of high commercial quality, easily tolerate transportation,
- Can grow in containers at home or on the balcony.
Are there any flaws in tomato "Klusha"?
The minuses of this class, some gardeners include such qualities as:
- Short storage,
- Small fruits.
But let me! In early ripe varieties, the crop does not have to lie for long. They are so good that they ripen by mid-August and are ready for processing, which allows them to avoid such diseases as phytophthora.
Dissatisfaction with small fruits is also inadequate, since the tomato is not a salad, but a universal one. Yes, it does not have sugar content, but it is rather a “plus”, and therefore it can be used by people with elevated blood sugar levels and watching their figure.
So the conclusion is that there are no flaws in this variety!
It is safer to use purchased land for planting: pour it into flat containers 5–7 cm high, shed with a warm solution of potassium permanganate. Between them should be 5 cm, and bury the seeds no more than 1 cm, between the seeds make a distance of at least 2 cm, sprinkle gently with earth.
Cover the containers with food film or glass and place them in a room where the temperature will always be 22-25 degrees.
After 3-5 days when shoots appear, remove the film and lower the daytime temperature to 20, and the nighttime to 16 degrees. Do not allow the soil to dry up, but not to fill.
At this time, you need to highlight the seedlings: daylight should not be less than 16 hours. Although tomatoes Klusha not stretched out, but the violation of the light mode can play a bad role for future harvest.
As soon as two true leaves appear, it’s time to dive. In the pots for seedlings fill the ground, which is prepared in advance: sand, peat and humus are taken in equal quantities, mixed, and additional fertilizing with phosphorus content is added to the same place.
This element strengthens and develops a weak root system in tomatoes. For this variety it is necessary, since it is impossible to deepen the seedlings when planting due to the fact that Klusha is a low-growing bush. Therefore, our task is to develop the root system.
Do not worry that the plant as if is suspended in growth, this is because the roots are growing. At this time, loosen the soil gently with tweezers.
When the five leaves appear, the procedure of feeding, but already liquid, repeat and, for prevention, treat the seedlings with a means of pests, for example, Confidor.
If the leaves of the seedlings are closed, place it away from each other to give light access to the stems, protecting the plants from stretching.
Ideal ready seedlings bright green, stocky, with buds in the first inflorescence.
Transplanting seedlings to ground
During the landing of plants in the ground, prepare the hole, at least 25 cm deep, plentifully shed water with potassium permanganate, heated in the sun. Then phosphorus-containing fertilizer is poured into it, according to the popular recipe - a scoop of ash from the burned straw or grass, weeds, but not from the brazier! Add onions and garlic peels for pests. The wells are made at a distance of 20–30 cm from each other and as many between the rows.
Planted tomatoes carefully, trying not to bare the root, cover the hole with earth and mulch around the plants.
It is best to make mulch from needles or chopped straw: a pillow 5 cm thick.
This will give a tangible effect:
- The earth will not dry up,
- At night - not cool, but during the day - does not heat up,
- Weeds will not appear,
- You do not need to loosen the ground after watering,
- On such a pillow, the fruits will not deteriorate, even if the plant falls under their weight. This method is called "collective farm", when the bushes are not tied up.
This method is very suitable for the Klusha tomato, because we will grow it in 4 stems, each of which will be fastened by 3 –5 brushes, under the weight of the branch will lie on the ground, because the main stem is usually tied up.
The lower leaves are pruned as they dry and yellow, giving air and light to the fruit. There are complaints in the reviews that the tomato is sour. This is because of the cultivation error: if the large shade of the fruit is foliage, and the sun does not fall on them, then the taste changes. Do not be afraid to remove excess greens, the crop will tell you "Thank you."
To prevent tomato plants from getting sick, they are sprayed for the season every two weeks for phytophthora and other diseases with a “Healer” remedy. Need to handle in cloudy and cool weather.
Do you know the rules for watering? A huge mistake, who believes that the soil should not dry out.
Tomato refers to a culture where "rarely and aptly," that is, water it abundantly, at the root, so that water does not fall on the leaves and stem.
Now hoses buried in the ground for drip irrigation are popular, but there is a method that has proven itself. It is simple and reliable: it is dropping to the root when planting a bottle, neck down, and the bottom is cut off. In such a container, you can pour water during irrigation several times, allowing it to gradually absorb. This method helps to know the amount of water poured under the plant. It is convenient to breed root feeding in them.
Observing the rules of planting and care, you get the expected result.
A lot of joy will bring you tomatoes under the ridiculous, but kindly name "Klusha".
Klusha tomatoes (pink varieties called Super Klusha) were created in 2006 by a Russian breeder from Siberia V. Dederko. The variety is listed in the Official Register of Varieties. Perfect for growing not only in the southern but also in the northern regions of Russia. In addition, the variety Klusha has a huge number of positive characteristics.
Such an unusual name for a crop is given for a reason. In fact, if you look closely, you can see some similarities of the plant with hen chicken. A small, compact shrub that is covered with small tomatoes.
A variety with an early ripening of fruits: from the moment of emergence until the appearance of the first reddened tomatoes, no more than 80-95 days pass. Klusha is a determinant variety, it can grow in height up to 55 - 60 cm. This variety of solanaceous culture is perfect for owners of small private plots.
In a small area you can plant a large number of bushes, and this will not adversely affect the yield.
Due to the compactness of the bush, the Klusha tomato variety can be grown even on the balcony. The same characteristics of the Superklusha variety of tomatoes, the only thing that distinguishes them is the color of ripe fruits. The bush is completely covered with small leaves, behind which there is practically no visible tomatoes. A botva of a dark green shade, as well as at the majority of grades.
Separately worth mentioning about Yield of tomato Klusha. Despite the fact that the bushes are very low, they are so full of fruits that from one plant can be collected from 1.9 to 2.5 kg of tomatoes. This is one of the main advantages of the variety, thanks to which the tomato is so fond of domestic farmers.
Ripe tomatoes have good taste. Especially suitable for preservation in general. In the preparation of sauces or tomato juice it is better to give preference to large-fruited varieties.
To determine the variety of tomatoes for planting at their summer cottage, you first need to carefully study its characteristics.
Characteristics and description of the variety:
- super yield
- suitable for growing in small gardens and in any climatic zones,
- early ripening variety
- variety is short, no more than 60 cm
- the stalk is thick - there is no need for a garter,
- foliage abundantly covers the plant,
- tops of dark green color
- unripe fruits of light green color,
- Klusha is distinguished by scarlet fruits, Superklusha - pink,
- top and bottom tomatoes slightly flattened,
- the weight of one fruit can reach 150 g, but most often the weight is 100 - 120 g,
- spherical shape of the fruit,
- the skin is dense, slightly ribbed, does not crack,
- The plant’s distinctive characteristic is high immunity to numerous “tomato” diseases,
- does not need pasynkovka,
- possible cultivation in small greenhouses or on the balcony.
Growing tomato Klusha is the same as most tomato varieties. In order to grow a good harvest by autumn, it is recommended to adhere to simple recommendations of agricultural technology.
You can germinate seeds in advance. You can do this as follows:
- Planting material should be soaked in warm water and wait until the seeds swell.
- Then shift the seeds in a saucer and cover with wet gauze, put in a warm place.
- After the emergence of sprouts, the seeds need to be dried so that they become crumbly.
- Then you can plant in the soil.
Plant seeds in the soil in mid-March or in early April. Picks should be carried out once the appearance of full leaves. You can sit in peat cups.
In open ground, seedlings can be transplanted in late May or early June. If landing is done at the end of May, there will most likely be slight frosts at night. To seedlings do not freeze, it must be covered with a warm cloth.
Ground decontamination may be required. To do this, the ground must be watered with a solution of potassium permanganate.
How to plant seedlings in open ground:
- Dig up the soil (you can add organic fertilizers, such as manure or humus).
- Make small holes at a distance of 35 - 50 cm from each other.
- To plant a seedling in the hole and sprinkle the stem with earth, lightly tamp.
- Liberally pour.
Tips experienced gardeners
Young tomato bushes should be planted wherever eggplants, zucchini, greens or legumes (for example, peas or green beans or asparagus beans) were grown before.
To increase the percentage of germination of seeds, they must be germinated before being grown in containers.
Before planting seedlings in open ground it must be hardened. For 1 - 2 weeks, containers with seedlings need to be taken out onto the street. The residence time of seedlings in the fresh air should be gradually increased. It is recommended to start at one o'clock.
Throughout the season, tomatoes need to be fed (especially during a period of active growth).