Mushroom rain cover was met by many in the meadows, in city parks and deciduous forests. It grows after the summer rains, from July to September. There are many types of raincoats, most of them edible. From the article you can learn a detailed description of the rain, their healing properties and original cooking recipes.
Rain mushroom, photo and description, varieties
The mushroom rain cover, the photo and description of which will interest mushroom pickers, belongs to the family of Champignon. He has an unusual appearance - he has no legs and caps. Its fruit body is round, sometimes pear-shaped, closed structure. Most species are small or medium sized, but there are also giants.
Types of raincoat mushrooms:
- pear shaped,
Spiked or pearl raincoats are among the most delicious and healthy mushrooms. The fruit body is small, up to 9 cm tall and up to 4 cm wide. On the shell of the fungus are visible small soft spikes or warts. Young mushrooms, edible, have white dense flesh. If you fry such mushrooms raw, they have a pleasant, strong flavor.
Particularly interesting is the giant raincoat mushroom, which some mushroom pickers bypass, mistaking for a mutant because of its large size. He looks like a big white ball, easily off the ground. Weigh such "balls" up to 10 kg. White dense pulp of young mushrooms is similar to the Adygei cheese or marshmallow.
Seeing a giant raincoat with ripe disputes, do not step on it or kick. From there, a whole cloud of small spores will fly out, which can lead to bronchospasm and respiratory arrest.
Mushroom rainbow mushrooms, meadow and pear-shaped mushrooms are also edible. Only false raincoats can not be, they are different from other varieties yellowish color of the pulp.
What looks like a raincoat mushroom
The fruit body is characterized by a closed structure., round or pear shape. Quite often, such a mushroom has a well-defined false leg. The aerial part, as a rule, has small or medium sizes, and the exoperidia are covered with spinous outgrowths, which can fall off over time. After the spore powder is ripe, the fruit bodies open by means of a small hole in the upper part.
Places and season of collecting raincoat mushrooms
Raincoats, as a rule, do not have a specific geography. Fruit bodies of different species of this mushroom are widely distributed in almost all territories of our country and are found almost everywhere. However, not many, even experienced mushroom pickers do not always know that some types of raincoat are edible, and also do not take into account the features and valuable medicinal properties of such mushrooms, therefore, their fruit bodies are collected extremely rarely.
Healing and beneficial properties of the raincoat fungus
Ergosterols that are part of the mushroom pulp, can have a therapeutic effect in the presence of a history of eczema, venous stasis and disorders of the digestive system. Calvacin, which is part of it, has an antitumor effect and quite effectively suppresses the formation of not only benign tumors, but also various malignant tumors.
Fetal body is very well established in the treatment of myomas, as well as formations in the thyroid gland. The extracts on the basis of the rain cover are widely used today in antiviral therapy for human immunodeficiency, and also contribute to the effective elimination of toxins in renal and intestinal pathologies, including hepatitis and dysbiosis.Raincoats are very well established in the treatment of myomas, as well as formations in the thyroid gland
Edible mushrooms raincoats
Of particular interest to experienced connoisseurs of "quiet" hunting and beginning mushroom pickers are several types:
- Langermania or golovachgiant (Celvatia gigaNea) - differs spherical or slightly ovoid, as well as slightly flattened fruit body, which has a white surface which over time becomes yellow or brown. Matured Gleba is characterized by olive-brown staining. Spore powder dark brownish brown. The species grows massively on the edges of deciduous or mixed forest zones, on fields and meadows, in garden and park farms, as well as on pastures,
- White The rain cover (Lyсордоn marginаtum) is a variety characterized by a practically spherical, but with time more pear-shaped, as well as an elliptically flattened shape of the fruiting body. Leg shortened, false type. The surface is covered with a dense and fairly thick bright white shell, densely studded with pyramidal spines with a wide base and clear edges. The soft part of young mushrooms is white, but as it gets older it acquires a greenish, olive-brown or grayish-brown color, as well as a very unpleasant, almost fetid odor. In addition to our country, they grow on the territory of Europe, Australia, and North and South America, where they bear fruit from the first decade of summer until November, mainly on coniferous-deciduous forest edges,
- Yellow zheltookrashenny or raincoat (Lysorerdon flavotinstum) - not too popular with the kind of mushroom with a round, slightly elongated or pear-shaped fruit body bright yellow, dark yellow, orange-yellow or pale yellow dye, covered with small spikes and small pimples. The soft part of the fruit body is white or whitish in color, but is characteristic darkening when it is aged, has sufficient density, as well as a pleasant mushroom taste and aroma.
Also among the edible varieties include pearl or prickly, meadow, real and umber raincoats.
False Rain Coats
False rain cover (Slaroderma) - refers to a fairly common type of Gastromatsetov and lozhnozhdevikov family. The false form is represented by two varieties: common common commonweed and common common wormfish. Elevated, and sometimes of the underground type, fruit bodies of medium or rather large size, round, almost spherical or tuberous in shape with a branched mycelial cords.