Water soluble iodine in the complex is “Farmaiod”. Substance opaque, with a specific smell, has a dark brown color. Antimicrobial plant disinfecting drug "Farmayod" instructions for use are described as follows: a solution of high concentration has a broad effect against fungal diseases of the soil and plants. Produces the drug domestic company "FarmBioMed" according to the formula developed by Russian scientists.
The active substance is iodine in combination with a non-ionic surfactant surfactant (100 g / l). Available in the form of an aqueous solution.
The main advantages of the drug are:
- Almost complete compatibility with fertilizers, but before use you need to check.
- Environmental Safety.
- Fighting tobacco mosaic virus and potato virus x.
- It is able to cure the core necrosis of a tomato.
- Able to remove bacterial streak.
- Treats cucumber root rot.
- Able to fight the green speckled mosaic virus in cucumbers.
- Able to stop wilting cucumber associated with bacteria.
- Fights a cucumber mosaic virus.
"Farmod": instructions for use for plants. Impact principle
Due to the active substance, the drug is able to increase and strengthen the immunity of plants. At the same time, diseases that can progress in them due to viruses or pathogens are destroyed.
The use of this drug increases the resistance of plants to temperature extremes and other natural influences.
Good for the treatment of any plant drug "Farmayod." Instructions for the use of funds belonging to the third class of danger, states that a one percent solution is not harmful to humans and animals, does not cause irritation, does not have a toxic effect even with prolonged use. At the same time, it is very effective against viral bacteria and fungal diseases harmful to plants.
How to prepare solution "Farmayoda"
Prepare the composition to the day of processing and immediately use. You can not store the solution after cooking and dilute it in a dish, which later will be food. The presence of children and animals during the process is not allowed. When preparing the composition you need to use protective equipment. At the time of processing the plant should take care of the absence of bees.
Excellently proved the drug "Farmaiod" as a means for tillage. Instructions for use for the soil as follows: Take 10 ml of solution per liter of water. Expect that a liter of funds will handle 10 square meters. meters of surface. After the watering is done.
"Farmod" instructions for use for soil: watering
Soil disinfection takes place two days before planting. For this, 100 ml of the drug is dissolved in ten liters of water. The soil should be well treated with a watering can with a fine strainer. If the ground is highly contaminated, then the concentration should be tripled.
This solution (10 liters) should be enough for processing 100 square meters of land. After tillage with this composition, the number of pests and bacteria in the ground will be reduced to 98%.
"Farmod" for plants and disinfection
This solution fights against phytopathogenic viruses and bacteria, the causative agents of fungal diseases in plants. It has a long period of exposure. There is a decrease in the number of various kinds of pests when using the drug "Farmaiod". Instructions for use for trees describes how to treat the trunk and crown with 1% solution in the presence of fungal diseases and 10% composition with the onset of pests. Usually, 1 teaspoon of the product per 1 liter of water is taken to spray the plants.
The solution "Farmyoda" can be treated and the floors in the room where people live, to disinfect surfaces. When processing windows and doors must be closed. For this purpose, the solution is prepared in this way: 1% solution is diluted with 1 liter of water with the calculation of 1 liter - 10 sq. M. m
"Farmod": reviews of gardeners and gardeners
In many forums, the instructions for use are discussed and described for the “Farmod” preparation. Reviews of gardeners and gardeners say that it is a very effective drug to combat diseases and pests. Many indicate that trees and plants need to be processed more than 20 times per season.
The first spraying is done in early spring before the buds swell. Not only bare trunks and branches are processed, but also soil is shed under the trees. The second time you need to perform this action when the first leaves appear. After this treatment, a break is made until the plants ottsvetut and ovaries of fruits appear. Further spraying "Pharmaiod" is made as the appearance of diseased leaves on the plant. The result of this treatment is a great harvest.
Many disinfect greenhouses and greenhouses in the spring, before planting seedlings. To do this, make a solution that sprayed the entire greenhouse, wash the glass and shed the soil. Very useful can be the drug "Farmod". Instructions for use for plants says that after two days from the time of treatment, seedlings can be planted.
The difference between "Farmod" from "Yodinol" sold in a pharmacy
In the reviews, many people ask: is it possible to use "Yodinol", which is similar to "Pharmaiod"? The drug, which is sold in a pharmacy, is not suitable for the treatment of plants and soil, as it is an alcohol solution. "Iodinol" causes burns on the skin of the skin, and for plants you need to buy only "Pharmaiod".
In addition, the drug is well suited for processing greenhouses, garden tools, inventory. You can spray rooms that contain animals and poultry. The main thing is to remember that rooms that have been disinfected with Pharmaod should be well ventilated.
Farmod has a broad spectrum of activity against non-spore-forming microbes (excluding mycobacteria), viruses, fungi. The drug belongs to the group of moderately toxic compounds. Pharmaiodine solutions do not irritate, do not cause corrosion of metals.
Carrying out preventive and forced (current and final) disinfection of livestock, poultry, animal and other premises, animal care products, equipment, vehicles used to transport animals and raw materials of animal origin. In infectious diseases of bacterial (except infections caused by spore-forming bacteria and mycobacteria), viral and fungal etiology. Remediation of air and respiratory tract of birds and animals with respiratory diseases, as well as for the disinfection of skin and wounds.
Doses and method of use
Wet disinfection. For prophylactic, as well as forced (current and final) disinfection for infections belonging to the group of unstable (group I) and resistant (group II) to the main disinfectants, the quality of disinfection for which is controlled by the release of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus, a 1% solution is used farmoyoda, with a consumption rate of 0.2 - 0.3 l / m² of the treated surface. Exposure for prophylactic and final disinfection 3 hours, with the current 1 hour. Aerosol disinfection. For prophylactic, as well as forced (current and final) disinfection for infections belonging to the I and II resistance groups, a 1.5% solution of pharmamodus is used at the rate of 30 ml / m³ of the preparation. Exposure for prophylactic and final disinfection 3 hours, with the current 1 hour. Sanitation of the upper respiratory tract of animals and birds. For respiratory diseases - laryngotracheitis, infectious bronchitis, bird aspergillosis, infectious rhinotracheitis, bronchitis and bronchopneumonia of calves, piglets and lambs, as well as in mixed infections, use 4.5% solution of pharmamodus at a flow rate of 6.5 ml / m³ in two doses with an interval in 15 minutes. The total time of exposure to animals 30 minutes a day. Treatments are carried out daily for 7–14 days. Treatment of wound surfaces. For disinfection of the skin and treatment of wounds in animals (castration, surgery, fresh and complicated infections), treatment of the umbilical cord, external genital organs using 5% solution of Farmod.
Farmod - composition and appointment
Not even every experienced gardener knows about that simple moment, how to disinfect the soil to reduce the incidence of plants and improve crop yields.
As a rule, gardeners begin the fight against plant pathogens when the primary signs of illness appear, and chemical insecticides and folk remedies are used.
Disinfection is resorted to only when preparing the soil for sowing seeds for seedlings, using not always effective and barbaric methods, such as roasting and treatment with manganese solution. In this case, few people think that the soil in the greenhouses and on the site also requires such procedures.
The antiseptic property of iodine is known to everyone from childhood and firsthand. Based on this substance, a soil decontamination agent has been created - Pharmamod.
By the way, the Internet played a significant role in its popularization.
- Iodine in 10% concentration,
- The remaining 90% is a non-ionic surfactant.
As you can see, there are no complex and harmful chemical elements in the concentrate, which allows to conclude that the substance is harmless to plants and humans.
The drug has a wide spectrum of action. It is realized in the form of liquid in containers from 50 to 500 ml, as well as for use on an industrial scale in a volume of 1000 and 5000 ml.
How and against what does Pharmaiod work?
The mechanism of action is based on the property of iodine that it is capable of burning. So, pathogenic microflora and viruses that are present within the radius of treatment with a drug simply get burns “incompatible with life”.
In addition, the substance, entering the cells of parasites and fungi, has an inhibitory effect on enzyme metabolism, thereby disrupting the natural cellular metabolism.
The interaction inside the cell with water, iodine causes a strong oxidation, which leads to the death of parasites and microorganisms.
The drug is used for all types of disinfection:
- Soils from parasites and putrid fungi, mold,
- Plants against spore-forming fungi and viruses,
- When processing seeds and seedlings,
- Garden tools and equipment,
- The premises of greenhouses and greenhouses.
For general information, I will inform you that the drug is also used in livestock and poultry farming to disinfect pigsty, incubators and poultry houses.
In industry and agriculture, Pharmaiodus is used to process storage facilities, granaries, vegetable pits and other premises.
Features of use
Before giving instructions on the use of the drug, I will note a number of important points of the disinfection process with iodine composition:
- Even 3 grams of iodine can negatively affect a person’s health, and even become a lethal dose,
- Processing should be done at temperatures not below 0 degrees,
- In case of severe soil contamination, allow the procedure to be performed several times per season.
Instructions for use: preparation of the solution and dosage
Dosage and quantity of treatments depends on the degree of soil contamination, on the type of crops and what is being disinfected.
Dosage and use:
- For disinfection of the soil, a solution in the following concentration is used - 1 ml. Pharmiod on 1 liter of water, at the rate of 2 liters per square of land. We make watering from a watering can.
- For processing greenhouses and greenhouses, the solution is used in a proportion of 100 ml. concentrate to 10 liters of water. When processing, you can use a spray or just wipe all parts of the structure and pour the soil. On 1 square use from 100 ml. composition.
Processing of vegetable crops:
- Cucumber seeds are processed before planting. They are soaked for 30 minutes in a solution of Pharmiod, prepared in a proportion of 1 ml. in a glass of water. After that, the seeds are washed under running water or immersed in warm water for another half an hour.
- Processing of seedlings of tomatoes consists in spraying through a hand spray at the stage of formation of 4 leaves in saplings. The solution is prepared in proportion to 10 liters of water 3 ml. concentrate. The second treatment is radical after landing in the ground, half a liter of solution for each bush. Proportion - 10 ml. concentrate to 10 liters of water.
Tomato processing features
Tomatoes are more prone to disease than any other crop. For the purpose of prophylaxis and fight, they should be sprayed with Pharmacia at different stages of plant development. At the same time, different proportions of concentrate are used:
- In the phase of 7-10 leaves - 1 ml. 2 liters of water, in combination with immunostimulating drugs,
- In the flowering phase, fruiting - 10 ml. 10 liters of water, at the rate of 500 ml of solution per plant at the root.
On the issue of contraindications and periods of storage
Significant side effects and contraindications Farmod has. The only negative feature of the drug is its effect on the entire microflora, both pathogenic and beneficial.
For this reason, it is recommended to use 1% of the composition, and a couple of days after processing to make organic fertilizers.
It is allowed to keep the concentrate up to 5 years, but the solution prepared on its basis is recommended to be used within 3-5 hours, but not more.